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'My Name Is Not Natasha' : How Albanian Women in France Use Trafficking to Overcome Social Exclusion (1998-2001)

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Book Series: IMISCoe Dissertations ISBN: 9789053567074 Year: Pages: 324
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Philosophy
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This book challenges every common presumption that exists about the trafficking of women for the sex trade. It is a detailed account of an entire population of trafficked Albanian women whose varied experiences, including selling sex on the streets of France, clearly demonstrate how much the present discourse about trafficked women is misplaced and inadequate. The heterogeneity of the women involved and their relationships with various men is clearly presented as is the way women actively created a panoptical surveillance of themselves as a means of self-policing. There is no artificial divide between women who were deceived and abused and those who "choose" sex work; in fact the book clearly shows how peripheral involvement in sex work was to the real agenda of the women involved. Most of the women described in this book were not making economic decisions to escape desperate poverty nor were they the uneducated naïve entrapped into sexual slavery. The women's success in transiting trafficking to achieve their own goals without the assistance of any outside agency is a testimony to their resilience and resolve.

Dit boek is een gedetaillerd onderzoek naar een groep Albanese vrouwen werkzaam in de seksindustrie in Parijs. My Name is Not Natasha laat zien hoe deze vrouwen, gedwongen of bewust 'gekozen' voor het beroep, allerminst het slachtoffer zijn van een economisch uitzichtloze situatie. Ze zijn evenmin naïve laagopgeleide vrouwen, onder valse voorwendselen de seksslavernij ingelokt. Dit boek laat zien dat ze zonder hulp van buitenaf weerbaar zijn en hun eigen doelen weten te bereiken. Het is een getuigenis van hun veerkracht en zelfredzaamheid.

Black, White and Gold. Goldmining in Papua New Guinea 1878–1930

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ISBN: 9781921934339 Year:
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Medicine (General)
License: ANU Press

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Australian goldminers were among the first white men to have sustained contact with Papua New Guineans. Some Papua New Guineans welcomed them, worked for them, traded with them and learnt their skills and soon were mining on their own account. Others met them with hostility, either by direct confrontation or by stealthy ambush. Many of the indigenous people and some miners were killed.  The miners were dependent on the local people for labourers, guides, producers of food and women. Some women lived willingly in the miners’ camps, a few were legally married, and some were raped. Working conditions for Papua New Guineans on the claims were mixed; some being well treated by the miners, others being poorly housed and fed, ill-treated, and subject to devastating epidemics. Conditions were rough, not only for them but for the diggers too. This book, republished in its original format, shows the differences in the experience of various Papua New Guinean communities which encountered the miners and tries to explain these differences. It is a graphic description of what happens when people from vastly different cultures meet. The author has drawn on documentary sources and interviews with the local people to produce, for the first time, a lively history.

Brokers and boundaries. Colonial exploration in indigenous territory

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460112 Year:
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Geography --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
License: ANU Press

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Colonial exploration continues, all too often, to be rendered as heroic narratives of solitary, intrepid explorers and adventurers. This edited collection contributes to scholarship that is challenging that persistent mythology. With a focus on Indigenous brokers, such as guides, assistants and mediators, it highlights the ways in which nineteenth-century exploration in Australia and New Guinea was a collective and socially complex enterprise. Many of the authors provide biographically rich studies that carefully examine and speculate about Indigenous brokers’ motivations, commitments and desires. All of the chapters in the collection are attentive to the specific local circumstances as well as broader colonial contexts in which exploration and encounters occurred. This collection breaks new ground in its emphasis on Indigenous agency and Indigenous–explorer interactions. It will be of value to historians and others for a very long time. Professor Ann Curthoys, University of Sydney. In bringing together this group of authors, the editors have brought to histories of colonialism the individuality of these intermediaries, whose lives intersected colonial exploration in Australia and New Guinea. Dr Jude Philp, Macleay Museum.

Coleridge's Laws: A Study of Coleridge in Malta

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781906924133 Year: Pages: 403 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0005 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History --- Migration --- Law
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Samuel Taylor Coleridge is best known as a great poet and literary theorist, but for one, quite short, period of his life he held real political power—acting as Public Secretary to the British Civil Commissioner in Malta in 1805. This was a formative experience for Coleridge which he later identified as being one of the most instructive in his entire life. In this book, Barry Hough and Howard Davis show how Coleridge's actions whilst in a position of power differ markedly from the idealism he had advocated before taking office - shedding new light on Coleridge's sense of political and legal morality. Meticulously researched and including newly discovered archival materials, Coleridge's Laws provides detailed analysis of the laws and public notices drafted by Coleridge, together with the first published translations of them. Drawing from a wealth of primary sources, Hough and Davis identify the political challenges facing Coleridge and reveal that, in attempting to win over the Maltese public to support Britain's strategic interests, Coleridge was complicit in acts of government which were both inconsistent with the rule of law and contrary to his professed beliefs. Coleridge's willingness to overlook accepted legal processes and personal misgivings for political expediency is disturbing and, as explained by Michael John Kooy in his extensive introduction, necessarily alters our understanding of the author and his writing. Coleridge's Laws contributes in new ways to the current debates about Coleridge's achievements, British colonialism and its engagement with the rule of law, nationhood and the effectiveness of the British administration of Malta. It provides essential reading for anybody interested in Coleridge specifically and the Romantics more generally, for political and legal historians and for students of colonial government.

Cultural Integration of Immigrants in Europe

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Studies of Policy Reform ISBN: 9780199660094 Year: Pages: 359 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: Sociology --- History --- Migration --- Economics
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The concepts of cultural diversity and cultural identity are at the forefront of the political debate in many western societies. In Europe, the discussion is stimulated by the political pressures associated with immigration flows, which are increasing in many European countries. The imperatives that current immigration trends impose on European democracies bring to light a number of issues that need to be addressed. What are the patterns and dynamics of cultural integration? How do they differ across immigrants of different ethnic groups and religious faiths? How do they differ across host societies? What are the implications and consequences for market outcomes and public policy? Which kind of institutional contexts are more or less likely to accommodate the cultural integration of immigrants? All these questions are crucial for policy makers and await answers. This book aims to provide a stepping stone to the debate. Taking an economic perspective, this edited book presents a current, comparative picture of the process of cultural integration of immigrants across Europe. It documents the main economic debates on the causes and consequences of cultural integration of immigrants, and provides detailed descriptions of the cultural and economic integration process in seven main European countries, including France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. It also compares the European context with the integration of immigrants in the United States.

Dilemmas of Development

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ISBN: 9781922144416 Year: Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
License: ANU Press

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The Porgera gold mine in the Highlands of Papua New Guinea is technically one of the most sophisticated and successful mines of recent times. In its second year of operations (1992) it was the third largest gold producing mine in the world. Socially, though, the mine has brought a range of massive changes for the local Ipili community-both positive and negative.Dilemmas of Development is a record of a series of studies of the social and economic effects of the Porgerta mine, commissioned by the Porgera Joint Vemture (PJV).

Dull Disasters? How planning ahead will make a difference

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ISBN: 9780198785576 Year: Pages: 160 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Subject: History --- Migration --- Social and Public Welfare --- Social Sciences --- Economics
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Economic losses from disasters are now reaching an average of US$250–$300 billion a year. In the last 20 years, more than 530,000 people died as a direct result of extreme weather events; millions more were seriously injured. Most of the deaths and serious injuries were in developing countries. Meanwhile, highly infectious diseases will continue to emerge or re-emerge, and natural hazards will not disappear. But these extreme events do not need to turn into large-scale disasters. Better and faster responses are possible. The authors contend that even though there is much generosity in the world to support the responses to and recovery from natural disasters, the current funding model, based on mobilizing financial resources after disasters take place, is flawed and makes responses late, fragmented, unreliable, and poorly targeted, while providing poor incentives for preparedness or risk reduction. The way forward centres around reforming the funding model for disasters, moving towards plans with simple rules for early action and that are locked in before disasters through credible funding strategies—all while resisting the allure of post-disaster discretionary funding and the threat it poses for those seeking to ensure that disasters have a less severe impact.

Dynamic Entrepreneurship : First and Second-Generation Immigrant Entrepreneurs in Dutch Cities

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Book Series: IMISCoe Dissertations ISBN: 9789053569726 Year: Pages: 200
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Migration
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The nature of immigrant entrepreneurship is changing in Dutch society. Nowadays, many immigrant entrepreneurs start businesses in producer and personal services instead of more traditional sectors such as retail or hotel and catering. At the same time, a growing number of second-generation immigrants are setting up their own firms in the Netherlands. These second-generation immigrants-born and/or raised in the receiving country-are following different trajectories in comparison with first-generation immigrant entrepreneurs, indeed displaying a move away from traditional immigrant niches. Yet studies on second-generation immigrant entrepreneurs remain limited in both the Dutch and international literature on this subject. This study presents one of the first explicit comparisons between first and second-generation self-employed immigrants. The embeddedness of immigrants in local and transnational networks and the dynamics of the markets in which these entrepreneurs are active are examined based on in-depth interviews with immigrant entrepreneurs in Dutch cities. In doing so, this study provides a vivid, longitudinal view of first and second-generation immigrant entrepreneurs, their incorporation into Dutch society, their businesses and business development(s).

Migranten van de tweede generatie in Nederland blijken als ondernemer aanmerkelijk succesvoller dan hun collega's van de eerste generatie. Dit blijkt uit de studie Dynamic Entrepreneurship van Katja Rusinovic. Rusinovic volgde voor haar promotieonderzoek langdurig eerste en tweede generatie migrantenondernemers in de vier grote steden. De resultaten van Rusinovic' studie laten zien dat de overlevingskansen van de tweede generatie groter zijn dan van eerste generatie migranten. Migranten van de tweede generatie vinden vaker hun weg naar financiële en andere (overheids)instanties waardoor zij minder afhankelijk zijn van steun uit eigen kring dan eerste generatie migranten. Ook richt de tweede generatie zich voornamelijk op klanten buiten de eigen etnische gemeenschap. Zakelijke contacten in het herkomstland blijven voor zowel de eerste als de tweede generatie een rol van betekenis spelen. Met hun sector keuze, hun oriëntatie op de Nederlandse samenleving, hun dynamiek en kansen op economisch succes maakt de tweede generatie een drastische bijstelling van het traditionele beeld van migrantenondernemers noodzakelijk.

Education, Learning, Training

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: International Development Policy ISSN: 16639383 ISBN: 9789004281141 9789004281158 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 240 DOI: 10.1163/9789004281158 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History --- Migration
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In Education, Learning, Training: Critical Issues for Development, renowned scholars and practitioners examine shifts in global education policy and practice over the last 50 years.

Educational Mobility of Second-generation Turks: Cross-national Perspectives

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ISBN: 9789089646514 Year: Pages: 280 Seiten Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History --- Migration
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This volume investigates educational inequalities among children of Turkish immigrants in Austria, France, and Sweden. One of the largest immigrant groups in these countries, Turks nonetheless face discrimination and limited opportunities, and this study shows how those problems play out in education. One of its key findings is that systems that provide more favorable institutional arrangements lead to greater economic mobility in the second generation.

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