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Balancing Power without Weapons

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ISBN: 9781107181861 9781316855430 Year: DOI: 10.1017/9781316855430 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101743
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-10 11:01:53
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Why do states block some foreign direct investment on national security grounds even when it originates from within their own security community? Government intervention into foreign takeovers of domestic companies is on the rise, and many observers find it surprising that states engage in such behavior not only against their strategic and military competitors, but also against their closest allies. Ashley Thomas Lenihan argues that such puzzling behavior can be explained by recognizing that states use intervention into cross-border mergers and acquisitions as a tool of statecraft to internally balance the economic and military power of other states through non-military means. This book tests this theory using quantitative and qualitative analysis of transactions in the United States, Russia, China, and fifteen European Union states.

Conversational Repair and Human Understanding

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781107002791 Year: Pages: 396 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_630827 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:33

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Humans are imperfect, and problems of speaking, hearing and understanding are pervasive in ordinary interaction. This book examines the way we 'repair' and correct such problems as they arise in conversation and other forms of human interaction. The first book-length study of this topic, it brings together a team of scholars from the fields of anthropology, communication, linguistics and sociology to explore how speakers address problems in their own talk and that of others, and how the practices of repair are interwoven with non-verbal aspects of communication such as gaze and gesture, across a variety of languages. Specific chapters highlight intersections between repair and epistemics, repair and turn construction, and repair and action formation. Aimed at researchers and students in sociolinguistics, speech communication, conversation analysis and the broader human and social sciences to which they contribute - anthropology, linguistics, psychology and sociology - this book provides a state-of-the-art review of conversational repair, while charting new directions for future study.

Keywords

linguistics --- anthropology

Debating Humanity

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ISBN: 9781107129337 9781316416303 Year: DOI: 10.1017/9781316416303 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100739
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-03 11:01:34
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The question 'what is a human being?' remains one of the most vexing intellectual tasks. Debating Humanity reconstructs how contemporary sociologists and philosophers – among others, Arendt, Taylor, Archer and Boltanski – understand the key anthropological skills that define our shared membership to the human species.

Keywords

Sociology --- Philosophy --- Sociology

European Elites and Ideas of Empire, 1917-1957

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ISBN: 9781107120624 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611253 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:54
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A study of the genesis of ‘European civilisation’ as a concept of 20th-C EU political practice & as a specific project of a transnational network of EU elites, examining how they sought to rehabilitate EU identity as a response to a crisis of belonging following the 1917-1920 revolutions & the collapse of the Hohenzollern, Habsburg & RU Empires.

Governing Failure - Provisional Expertise and the Transformation of Global Development Finance

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ISBN: 9781107035041 9781139542739 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472457 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:17
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Jacqueline Best argues that the changes in International Monetary Fund, World Bank and donor policies in the 1990s, towards what some have called the 'Post-Washington Consensus,' were driven by an erosion of expert authority and an increasing preoccupation with policy failure. Failures such as the Asian financial crisis and the decades of despair in sub-Saharan Africa led these institutions to develop governance strategies designed to avoid failure: fostering country ownership, developing global standards, managing risk and vulnerability and measuring results. In contrast to the structural adjustment era when policymakers were confident that they had all the answers, the author argues that we are now in an era of provisional governance, in which key actors are aware of the possibility of failure even as they seek to inoculate themselves against it. This book considers the implications of this shift, asking if it is a positive change and whether it is sustainable. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Literary Coteries and the Making of Modern Print Culture

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ISBN: 9781107128163 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611255 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-01 11:01:14
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Literary Coteries and the Making of Modern Print Culture, 1740-1790 offers the first study of manuscript-producing coteries as an integral element of eighteenth-century Britain’s literary culture. As a corrective to literary histories assuming that the dominance of print meant the demise of a vital scribal culture, the book profiles four interrelated and influential coteries, focusing on each group’s deployment of traditional scribal practices, on key individuals who served as bridges between networks, and on the aesthetic and cultural work performed by the group. Literary Coteries also explores points of intersection between coteries and the print trade, whether in the form of individuals who straddled the two cultures; publishing events in which the two media regimes collaborated or came into conflict; literary conventions adapted from manuscript practice to serve the ends of print; or simply poetry hand-copied from magazines. Together, these instances demonstrate how scribal modes shaped modern literary production.

Keywords

literature

Malarial Subjects

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Book Series: Science in History ISBN: 9781107172364 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.1017/9781316771617 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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Malaria was considered one of the most widespread disease-causing entities in the nineteenth century. It was associated with a variety of frailties far beyond fevers, ranging from idiocy to impotence. And yet, it was not a self-contained category. The reconsolidation of malaria as a diagnostic category during this period happened within a wider context in which cinchona plants and their most valuable extract, quinine, were reinforced as objects of natural knowledge and social control. In India, the exigencies and apparatuses of British imperial rule occasioned the close interactions between these histories. In the process, British imperial rule became entangled with a network of nonhumans that included, apart from cinchona plants and the drug quinine, a range of objects described as malarial, as well as mosquitoes. Malarial Subjects explores this history of the co-constitution of a cure and disease, of British colonial rule and nonhumans, and of science, medicine and empire. This title is also available as Open Access.

The Myth of Piers Plowman - Constructing a Medieval Literary Archive

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Book Series: Cambridge Studies in Medieval Literature ISBN: 9781107043633 9781107338821 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472471 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-09 16:28:11
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Addressing the history of the production and reception of the great medieval poem, Piers Plowman, Lawrence Warner reveals the many ways in which scholars, editors and critics over the centuries created their own speculative narratives about the poem, which gradually came to be regarded as factually true. Warner begins by considering the possibility that Langland wrote a romance about a werewolf and bear-suited lovers, and he goes on to explore the methods of the poem's localization, and medieval readers' particular interest in its Latinity. Warner shows that the 'Protestant Piers' was a reaction against the poem's oral mode of transmission, reveals the extensive eighteenth-century textual scholarship on the poem by figures including the maligned Chaucer editor John Urry, and contextualizes its first modernization by a literary forger inspired by the 1790s Shakespeare controversies. This lively account of Piers Plowman challenges the way the poem has traditionally been read and understood. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Networks and institutions in Europe's emerging markets

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Book Series: Cambridge Studies in Comparative Politics ISBN: 9781139381628 9781107031340 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-05-23 11:01:07
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Do ties between political parties and businesses harm or benefit the development of market institutions? The post-communist transition offers an unparalleled opportunity to explore when and how networks linking the polity and the economy support the development of func-tional institutions. A quantitative and qualitative analysis covering eleven post-socialist countries combined with detailed case studies of Bulgaria, Poland, and Romania documents how the most successful post-communist countries are those in which dense networks link polit-icians and businesspeople, as long as politicians are constrained by intense political competition. The comparison of original network data sets shows how this combination allowed Poland to emerge with stable institutions. Bulgaria, marred by weak institutions, corruption, and violence, cautions us that in developing economies intense political competition alone is harmful in the absence of dense personal and ownership networks. Indeed, as Romania illustrates, networks are so critical that their weakness is not mitigated even by low political competition. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Open Access and the Humanities : Contexts, Controversies and the Future

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ISBN: 9781316161012 9781107097896 9781107484016 Year: Pages: 226 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781316161012 Language: English
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Subject: Multidisciplinary
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-28 10:03:47
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If you work in a university, you are almost certain to have heard the term 'open access' in the past couple of years. You may also have heard either that it is the utopian answer to all the problems of research dissemination or perhaps that it marks the beginning of an apocalyptic new era of 'pay-to-say' publishing. In this book, Martin Paul Eve sets out the histories, contexts and controversies for open access, specifically in the humanities. Broaching practical elements alongside economic histories, open licensing, monographs and funder policies, this book is a must-read for both those new to ideas about open-access scholarly communications and those with an already keen interest in the latest developments for the humanities.

- Provides a comprehensive guide to open access for humanities researchers, written by a humanities researcher
- Covers a full range of phenomena concerning open access and the humanities, including economics, funder policies, open licensing and monographs
- Situates open access within broader paradigms of politics and the university, not shying away from controversy

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