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1 How open borders can unlock cultures (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138239487 9781315295770 Year: Pages: 27 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
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Abstract

In March 2014, the e-mail list of the European Academic Network on Romani Studies1 hosted a discussion on definitions of the population known as ‘Roma’. It began when one of the subscribers to the list – which at the time brought together some 350 academics who specialised in Romani/Gypsy studies – asked for reactions to two generalisations which she came across while preparing a legal review of a document on cultural rights: (1) that all Roma speak a variety of the same language, Romanes; and (2) that Roma generally consider themselves to be a nation. Some two-dozen scholars posted their reactions, which together offer a fairly exhaustive summary of contemporary views on the subject

Keywords

Roma --- Cultures --- Open borders

1 Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: Energy Poverty and Vulnerability

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781315231518 9781138294455 Year: Pages: 13 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-03 11:02:11
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This book aims to provide a global perspective on energy poverty, with the aid of novel theoretical approaches that disturb entrenched scientific preconceptions and policy prescriptions. We are particularly interested in deepening existing conceptualizations of the systemic drivers of energy poverty, by drawing attention to the manner in which the condition is embedded in deeper forms and practices of social exclusion and injustice. Starting from the fact that energy poverty is an inherently spatial phenomenon – it is both experienced in and caused by the entanglement of the socio-technical infrastructures of the home, while varying significantly across cities, regions and nations – there is a strong focus on the geographic processes and contingencies that underpin the emergence of this predicament. We draw together the findings of original research conducted by leading experts from a wide range of countries in order to capture the rapidly expanding corpus of scientific and policy expertise on energy poverty. By furthering knowledge on the driving forces of the condition, the book also produces policy-relevant insights that can aid decisionmaking on how domestic energy deprivation can be ameliorated.

1. Formulaic sequences: a drop in the ocean of constructions or something more significant? (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138721579 Year: Pages: 24 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:32
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This article investigates how formulaic sequences fi t into a constructionist approach to grammar, which is a major post- Chomskyan family of approaches to linguistic structure. The author considers whether, in this framework, formulaic sequences represent a phenomenon that is suffi ciently diff erent to warrant special status or whether they might best be studied in terms of the larger set of all constructions found in language. Based on data drawn from a large corpus of Wikipedia texts, it is argued that it is extremely diffi cult to form a distinct class of formulaic sequences without creating highly arbitrary boundaries. On the other hand, based on existing theoretical claims that formulaic sequences are the basis of fi rst language acquisition, a marker of profi ciency in a language, critical to the success of communicative acts and key to rapid language processing, it is argued that formulaic sequences as constructions are nevertheless signifi cant enough to be the focus of research, and a theoretical category meriting particular attention. These fi ndings have key repercussions both for research primarily interested in formulaic language and phraseology as well as for construction grammatical research.

11 Moral Neuroenhancement (Book chapter)

Book title: The Routledge handbook of neuroethics

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138898295 9781315708652 Year: Pages: 21 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:59
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In recent years, philosophers, neuroethicists, and others have become preoccupied with “moral enhancement.” Very roughly, this refers to the deliberate moral improvement of an individual’s character, motives, or behavior. In one sense, such enhancement could be seen as “nothing new at all” (Wiseman, 2016, 4) or as something philosophically mundane: as G. Owen Schaefer (2015) has stated, “Moral enhancement is an ostensibly laudable project. . . .

15 Conclusions (Book chapter)

Book title: Energy Poverty and Vulnerability

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781315231518 9781138294455 Year: Pages: 10 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-03 11:02:05
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We began this book with the aim of providing the first global and comparative perspective on energy vulnerability, in order to advance debates on the systemic processes and conditions that (re)produce domestic energy deprivation. By bringing together 13 chapters that cover 14 countries in total, the volume provides the first instance where such divergent contexts are brought together to discuss energy vulnerability in one common space. In this concluding discussion, we look across the range of contributions and draw out some overarching lessons, policy implications and future research directions.

21 Legalities and materialities (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Handbooks ISBN: 9781138956469 9781317353003 9781317352990 9781317352983 9781315665733 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Law --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This chapter reflects on what materiality-inflected methodologies1 can bring to an anthropology of law, and to legal studies more generally. Its starting point is an increasing attention across the social sciences and humanities for objects, and thinking beyond the human. These have often, but not only, emerged from science and technology studies (STS), to which we pay particular attention. However, approaches to materiality have themselves become diversified, and their implications for law can similarly be read in multiple ways. At the same time, legal anthropology has helped to re-characterise the complexity of law as a field of social activity by paying attention to its meanings, for actors within as well as outside its own institutions; to its modes of action in practice, again within its explicitly designated spaces as well as its everyday; to its unexpected forms, patterns and directions; to its multiplicity and uncertainty. Approaches within a broadly defined ‘legal anthropology’ agenda have provided tools to move away from grand and removed theorisation of the law, or an exclusive attention to its own claims, and towards a subtler understanding of law as a relatively fluid, changing and uncertain set of practices. While doing so, legal anthropology has also reminded us of the significance of empirical research to identify and theorise the complex existences of law, a contribution which echoes some of the implications of materiality-oriented theories.

Keywords

law --- philosophy --- anthropology

21st Century Cooperation

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781138722590 9781315185927 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628290 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-04 11:01:49
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This edited volume explains the importance of regional public goods (RPGs) for sustainable development and shows why they are particularly important in the context of 21st-century international relations. By presenting a new and original data set and by presenting original essays by renowned scholars, this book lays the foundation for what will become an increasingly important focus for both economic development and international relations as well as for their intersection. This book contains four parts. The first introduces the core issues and concepts that are explored throughout the book as well as a new and original data set on regional public goods (RPGs). The second part further develops specific concepts important for understanding 21st-century RPGs: regional leadership, alliances, networks, and outcomes. The third part examines how cooperation takes place worldwide for a range of important RPGs. The fourth part discusses how public goods are produced in specific regions, stressing that each region has a distinct context and that these contexts overlap in a decentered “multiplex” manner.

3 Rethinking the framing of climate change adaptation (Book chapter)

Authors:
ISBN: 9781138056299 9781315165448 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:02
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Abstract

Adaptation to climate change has always been part of life on earth. Yet, according to the scientific literature – such as the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) – the increased magnitude of global warming the planet is currently experiencing further exacerbates the negative impacts of climate change on people – increasing risk and reducing their capacity to adapt. This is particularly the case for marginalised people in the Global South living in poverty (IPCC 2014). Wide recognition that industrialised countries are overwhelmingly responsible for these changes has, albeit slowly, led to governments of industrialised countries increasingly financing climate change adaptation initiatives in the Global South.

Keywords

Climate change --- adaptation --- knowledge --- power --- politics

3 The professional audiences of the Hippocratic Epidemics (Book chapter)

Book title: Greek Medical Literature and its Readers

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ISBN: 9781472487919 9781351205276 Year: Pages: 19 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 11:02:20
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To summarise our findings, the Hippocratic Epidemics case reports is an example of a text whose intended audiences, despite the ambiguities and historical uncertainties about the texts’ composition and transmission, were very firmly delimited as professional and medical. Such closure defines this phase of ancient medicine as particularly territorial and “technical”, on the one hand – no literary pretence, nor broader intellectual appeal of the kind shown by Galen is on the horizon of these writers, nor any explicit attempt to win over lay audiences, at least in the Epidemics.77 Also, it tells us something about the epistemology and didactics at work in the Hippocratic handling of patients, which we can summarise as follows: non-theoretical, observation-based and data-centred; self-standing, i.e. not relying on a system of knowledge or a “syllabus” (compare Galen’s frequent recommendation on which of his books one should read first, which are for beginners, what should follow, etc.), but needing to “support itself” by insuring the memorisation of the repertoires of observations, procedures, risks and mistakes; lack of a synthesis of the empirical data, such as a form of diagnosis, or of the “epistemological extension” that might turn the observed case into an “experiment”.78 The Hippocratic use of individual evidence – the patient case – remained in this early stage a communication of pure data. Individual memory, in conclusion, the reception of an individual intellect – a future student, a training doctor – characterises the audience of these texts, motivates and even determines, concretely, their very existence.

34 Digital Learning for Development of Asian Schools (Book chapter)

Book title: Routledge International Handbook of Schools and Schooling in Asia

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781138908499 9781315694382 Year: Pages: 6 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-23 11:01:56
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Abstract

Despite the potential of digital technologies to contribute to the enhancement of access to quality education and the development of lifelong learning competencies, many knowledge gaps remain in how, for whom and in what contexts digital technologies actually do contribute to improved, equitable educational outcomes. More research is needed that creates and tests ‘proven models’ of digital learning in Asian schools and deepens our understanding of the conditions that are necessary and sufficient for success. And this research needs to build on the research that has already been done in the region and worldwide. The primary aim of this book section is to provide snapshots of the current state in research and to identify and explain the research gaps and future directions of digital learning for development in Asian schools.

Keywords

state --- digital learning --- asia --- education

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