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60 Years of CERN Experiments and Discoveries

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Book Series: Advanced Series on Directions in High Energy Physics ISSN: 17931339 ISBN: 9789814644150 Year: Volume: 23 Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1142/9441 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-30 02:08:40
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The book is a compilation of the most important experimental results achieved during the past 60 years at CERN - from the mid-1950s to the latest discovery of the Higgs particle. Covering the results from the early accelerators at CERN to those most recent at the LHC, the contents provide an excellent review of the achievements of this outstanding laboratory. Not only presented is the impressive scientific progress achieved during the past six decades, but also demonstrated is the special way in which successful international collaboration exists at CERN. Contents: Foreword (R-D Heuer) Preface (L Di Lella and H Schopper) The Discovery of the Higgs Boson at the LHC (P Jenni and T S Virdee) Precision Physics with Heavy-Flavoured Hadrons (P Koppenburg and V Vagnoni) Toward the Limits of Matter: Ultra-relativistic Nuclear Collisions at CERN (J Schukraft and R Stock) The Measurement of the Number of Light Neutrino Species at LEP (S Mele) Precision Experiments at LEP (W de Boer) The Discovery of the W and Z Particles (L Di Lella and C Rubbia) The Discovery of Weak Neutral Currents (D Haidt) Highlights from High Energy Neutrino Experiments at CERN (W-D Schlatter) The Discovery of Direct CP Violation (L Iconomidou-Fayard and D Fournier) Measurements of Discrete Symmetries in the Neutral Kaon System with the CPLEAR (PS195) Experiment (T Ruf) An ISR Discovery: The Rise of the Proton–Proton Cross-Section (U Amaldi) Deep Inelastic Scattering with the SPS Muon Beam (G K Mallot and R Voss) Revealing Partons in Hadrons: From the ISR to the SPS Collider (P Darriulat and L Di Lella) Properties of Antiprotons and Antihydrogen, and the Study of Exotic Atoms (M Doser) Muon g–2 and Tests of Relativity (F J M Farley) The Discoveries of Rare Pion Decays at the CERN Synchrocyclotron (G Fidecaro) Highlights at ISOLDE (K Blaum, M J G Borge, B Jonson and P Van Duppen) Readership: Graduate students and researchers in elementary particle physics, and historians of science.

Agriculture & Food Systems to 2050:Global Trends, Challenges and Opportunities

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Book Series: World Scientific Series in Grand Public Policy Challenges of the 21st Century ISBN: 9789813278356 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 680 DOI: 10.1142/11212 Language: ENG
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 03:22:29
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This book features a comprehensive foresight assessment, exploring the pressures — threats as well as opportunities — on the global agriculture & food systems between now and 2050. The overarching aim is to help readers understand the context, by analyzing global trends and anticipating change for better planning and constructing pathways from the present to the future by focusing on the right questions and problems. The book contextualizes the role of international agricultural research in addressing the complex challenges posed by UN 2030 Agenda and beyond, and identifies the decisions that scientific leaders, donors and policy makers need to take today, and in the years ahead, to ensure that a global population rising to nine billion or more combined with rising incomes and changing diets can be fed sustainably and equitably, in the face of the growing climate threats.

Biocomputing 2014:Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium

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ISBN: 9789814583220 Year: Pages: 436 DOI: 10.1142/9078 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 03:46:40
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2014 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2014 will be held from January 3 – 7, 2014 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. Tutorials and workshops will be offered prior to the start of the conference. PSB 2014 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's “hot topics.” In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field. Contents: Cancer Panomics: Computational Methods and Infrastructure for Integrative Analysis of Cancer High-Throughput “Omics” Data Computational Approaches to Drug Repurposing and Pharmacology Detecting and Characterizing Pleiotropy: New Methods for Uncovering the Connection Between the Complexity of Genomic Architecture and Multiple Phenotypes Personalized Medicine: From Genotypes and Molecular Phenotypes Towards Therapy Text and Data Mining for Biomedical Discovery Workshops Readership: Academia and industry in the fields of biocomputing, bioinformatics and computational biology.

Biocomputing 2015:Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789814644730 Year: Pages: 516 DOI: 10.1142/9455 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 03:42:23
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2015 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2015 will be held from January 4 – 8, 2015 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. Tutorials and workshops will be offered prior to the start of the conference. PSB 2015 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's “hot topics.” In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field. Contents: Cancer Panomics: Computational Methods and Infrastructure for Integrative Analysis of Cancer High-Throughput "OMICS" Data Cancer Pathways: Automatic Extraction, Representation, and Reasoning in the "Big Data" ERA Characterizing the Importance of Environmental Exposures, Interactions Between the Environment and Genetic Architecture, and Genetic Interactions: New Methods for Understanding the Etiology of Complex Traits and Disease Crowdsourcing and Mining Crowd Data Personalized Medicine: From Genotypes, Molecular Phenotypes and the Quantified Self, Towards Improved Medicine Readership: Academia and industry in the fields of biocomputing, bioinformatics and computational biology.

Biocomputing 2016:Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789814749411 Year: Pages: 604 DOI: 10.1142/9930 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 03:27:59
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2016 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2016 will be held on January 4 – 8, 2016 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. Tutorials and workshops will be offered prior to the start of the conference. PSB 2016 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's "hot topics." In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field. Contents: Cancer Panomics: Computational Methods and Infrastructure for Integrative Analysis of Cancer High-Throughput "Omics" Data Computational Approaches to Drug Repurposing and Pharmacology Detecting and Characterizing Pleiotropy: New Methods for Uncovering the Connection Between the Complexity of Genomic Architecture and Multiple Phenotypes Personalized Medicine: From Genotypes and Molecular Phenotypes Towards Therapy Text and Data Mining for Biomedical Discovery Readership: Academia and industry in the fields of biocomputing, bioinformatics and computational biology.

Biocomputing 2017:Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789813207813 Year: Pages: 668 DOI: 10.1142/10388 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-02 03:01:48
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2017 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2017 will be held on January 4 – 8, 2017 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. Tutorials and workshops will be offered prior to the start of the conference. PSB 2017 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's "hot topics." In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field.

Biocomputing 2018:Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium

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ISBN: 9789813235533 Year: Pages: 500 DOI: 10.1142/10864 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-20 08:35:10
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2018 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2018 will be held on January 3 – 7, 2018 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. PSB 2018 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's "hot topics." In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field.

Biocomputing 2019:Proceedings of the Pacific Symposium:Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing 2019

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789813279827 Year: Pages: 472 DOI: 10.1142/11263 Language: ENG
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 03:26:21
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The Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing (PSB) 2019 is an international, multidisciplinary conference for the presentation and discussion of current research in the theory and application of computational methods in problems of biological significance. Presentations are rigorously peer reviewed and are published in an archival proceedings volume. PSB 2019 will be held on January 3 – 7, 2019 in Kohala Coast, Hawaii. Tutorials and workshops will be offered prior to the start of the conference. PSB 2019 will bring together top researchers from the US, the Asian Pacific nations, and around the world to exchange research results and address open issues in all aspects of computational biology. It is a forum for the presentation of work in databases, algorithms, interfaces, visualization, modeling, and other computational methods, as applied to biological problems, with emphasis on applications in data-rich areas of molecular biology. The PSB has been designed to be responsive to the need for critical mass in sub-disciplines within biocomputing. For that reason, it is the only meeting whose sessions are defined dynamically each year in response to specific proposals. PSB sessions are organized by leaders of research in biocomputing's "hot topics." In this way, the meeting provides an early forum for serious examination of emerging methods and approaches in this rapidly changing field.

Biological Information:New Perspectives

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789814508728 Year: Pages: 584 DOI: 10.1142/8818 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 03:49:23
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In the spring of 2011, a diverse group of scientists gathered at Cornell University to discuss their research into the nature and origin of biological information. This symposium brought together experts in information theory, computer science, numerical simulation, thermodynamics, evolutionary theory, whole organism biology, developmental biology, molecular biology, genetics, physics, biophysics, mathematics, and linguistics. This volume presents new research by those invited to speak at the conference. The contributors to this volume use their wide-ranging expertise in the area of biological information to bring fresh insights into the many explanatory difficulties associated with biological information. These authors raise major challenges to the conventional scientific wisdom, which attempts to explain all biological information exclusively in terms of the standard mutation/selection paradigm. Several clear themes emerged from these research papers: 1) Information is indispensable to our understanding of what life is; 2) Biological information is more than the material structures that embody it; 3) Conventional chemical and evolutionary mechanisms seem insufficient to fully explain the labyrinth of information that is life. By exploring new perspectives on biological information, this volume seeks to expand, encourage, and enrich research into the nature and origin of biological information. Contents: Session One — Information Theory & Biology: Introductory Comments (Robert J Marks II): Biological Information — What is It? (Werner Gitt, Robert Compton and Jorge Fernandez) A General Theory of Information Cost Incurred by Successful Search (William A Dembski, Winston Ewert and Robert J Marks II) Pragmatic Information (John W Oller, Jr) Limits of Chaos and Progress in Evolutionary Dynamics (William F Basener) Tierra: The Character of Adaptation (Winston Ewert, William A Dembski and Robert J Marks II) Multiple Overlapping Genetic Codes Profoundly Reduce the Probability of Beneficial Mutation (George Montañez, Robert J Marks II, Jorge Fernandez and John C Sanford) Entropy, Evolution and Open Systems (Granville Sewell) Information and Thermodynamics in Living Systems (Andy C McIntosh) Session Two — Biological Information and Genetic Theory: Introductory Comments (John C Sanford): Not Junk After All: Non-Protein-Coding DNA Carries Extensive Biological Information (Jonathan Wells) Can Purifying Natural Selection Preserve Biological Information? (Paul Gibson, John R Baumgardner, Wesley H Brewer and John C Sanford) Selection Threshold Severely Constrains Capture of Beneficial Mutations (John C Sanford, John R Baumgardner and Wesley H Brewer) Using Numerical Simulation to Test the “Mutation-Count” Hypothesis (Wesley H Brewer, John R Baumgardner and John C Sanford) Can Synergistic Epistasis Halt Mutation Accumulation? Results from Numerical Simulation (John R Baumgardner, Wesley H Brewer and John C Sanford) Computational Evolution Experiments Reveal a Net Loss of Genetic Information Despite Selection (Chase W Nelson and John C Sanford) Information Loss: Potential for Accelerating Natural Genetic Attenuation of RNA Viruses (Wesley H Brewer, Franzine D Smith and John C Sanford) DNA.EXE: A Sequence Comparison between the Human Genome and Computer Code (Josiah Seaman) Biocybernetics and Biosemiosis (Donald Johnson) Session Three — Theoretical Molecular Biology: Introductory Comments (Michael J Behe): An Ode to the Code: Evidence for Fine-Tuning in the Standard Codon Table (Jed C Macosko and Amanda M Smelser) A New Model of Intracellular Communication Based on Coherent, High-Frequency Vibrations in Biomolecules (L Dent) Getting There First: An Evolutionary Rate Advantage for Adaptive Loss-of-Function Mutations (Michael J Behe) The Membrane Code: A Carrier of Essential Biological Information That is Not Specified by DNA and is Inherited Apart from It (Jonathan Wells) Explaining Metabolic Innovation: Neo-Darwinism Versus Design (Douglas D Axe and Ann K Gauger) Session Four — Biological Information and Self-Organizational Complexity Theory: Introductory Comments (Bruce L Gordon): Evolution Beyond Entailing Law: The Roles of Embodied Information and Self Organization (Stuart Kauffman) Towards a General Biology: Emergence of Life and Information from the Perspective of Complex Systems Dynamics (Bruce H Weber) Readership: Academics, researchers, postgraduates and advanced undergraduates in bioinformatics. Biologists, mathematicians/statisticians, physicists and computer scientists.

The Fourteenth Marcel Grossmann Meeting:On Recent Developments in Theoretical and Experimental General Relativity, Astrophysics, and Relativistic Field Theories (In 4 Volumes)

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ISBN: 9789813226609 Year: Pages: 1084 DOI: 10.1142/10614 Language: English
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-20 08:45:58
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The four volumes of the proceedings of MG14 give a broad view of all aspects of gravitational physics and astrophysics, from mathematical issues to recent observations and experiments. The scientific program of the meeting included 35 morning plenary talks over 6 days, 6 evening popular talks and 100 parallel sessions on 84 topics over 4 afternoons. Volume A contains plenary and review talks ranging from the mathematical foundations of classical and quantum gravitational theories including recent developments in string theory, to precision tests of general relativity including progress towards the detection of gravitational waves, and from supernova cosmology to relativistic astrophysics, including topics such as gamma ray bursts, black hole physics both in our galaxy and in active galactic nuclei in other galaxies, and neutron star, pulsar and white dwarf astrophysics. The remaining volumes include parallel sessions which touch on dark matter, neutrinos, X-ray sources, astrophysical black holes, neutron stars, white dwarfs, binary systems, radiative transfer, accretion disks, quasars, gamma ray bursts, supernovas, alternative gravitational theories, perturbations of collapsed objects, analog models, black hole thermodynamics, numerical relativity, gravitational lensing, large scale structure, observational cosmology, early universe models and cosmic microwave background anisotropies, inhomogeneous cosmology, inflation, global structure, singularities, chaos, Einstein-Maxwell systems, wormholes, exact solutions of Einstein's equations, gravitational waves, gravitational wave detectors and data analysis, precision gravitational measurements, quantum gravity and loop quantum gravity, quantum cosmology, strings and branes, self-gravitating systems, gamma ray astronomy, cosmic rays and the history of general relativity.

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