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Landscapes Decoded

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ISBN: 9781902806587 Year: Pages: 192 Language: English
Publisher: University of Hertfordshire Press
Subject: Archaeology --- History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-23 11:21:08
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How were the field boundaries created and cultivated by the farmers of prehistoric and Roman Britain transformed into the open fields of medieval England? Historians and archaeologists have posited a complete physical break between the field systems of Roman Britain and the common or open fields of medieval England. Susan Oosthuizen’s fascinating research into the landscape history of the Bourn Valley, just west of Cambridge (an area which has been intensively cultivated for at least the last 3,000 years), has uncovered preserved prehistoric field patterns in the medieval furlongs there – startling in the context of ‘champion’ England. If it were possible to unravel the relationships between pre-open-field and open-field boundaries in the Valley between about 600 and 1100 AD, then a significant step forward might be taken in our understanding of the origins of medieval open-field systems in general. We might begin to understand the processes by which the fields, woods and pastures that developed over the prehistoric millennia and during the Roman centuries were organised into the completely new landscape of the medieval open fields. The unexpected discovery of what appears to be an 8th- or 9th-century proto-open-field pattern seems to indicate a fossilising of the process of development from prehistoric to medieval fields, which Susan Oosthuizen seeks to explain by examining the social, administrative and political contexts within which these changes took place. The newly uncovered evidence allows Oosthuizen to propose a new model for the introduction of common fields in England. -

The Roma Struggle for Compensation in Post-War Germany

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ISBN: 9781907396113 9781912260065 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Hertfordshire Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched||Foundation 'Remembrance, Responsibility and Future', Berlin (Stiftung 'Erinnerung, Verantwortung und Zukunft') - 100789
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-12 11:02:35
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Abstract

Thirty years passed before it was accepted, in West Germany and elsewhere, that the Roma (Germany's Gypsies) had been Holocaust victims. And, similarly, it took thirty years for the West German state to admit that the sterilisation of Roma had been part of the 'Final Solution'. Drawing on a substantial body of previously unseen sources, this book examines the history of the struggle of Roma for recognition as racially persecuted victims of National Socialism in post-war Germany. Since modern academics belatedly began to take an interest in them, the Roma have been described as 'forgotten victims'. This book looks at the period in West Germany between the end of the War and the beginning of the Roma civil rights movement in the early 1980s, during which the Roma were largely passed over when it came to compensation. The complex reasons for this are at the heart of this book.

Keywords

History --- Holocaust --- Germany --- Roma --- Sinti --- Gypsies --- Gypsy --- Romani --- WWII --- Second World War --- Sterilisation --- Sterilization

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