Institut Français de Pondichéry

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Les attaches de l’homme : Enracinement paysan et logiques migratoires en Inde du Sud

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ISBN: 9791036549786 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.5028 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

Spectaculaire, l’essor des grandes villes indiennes n'est pas le résultat d’un exode rural qui viderait peu à peu les campagnes. Bien au contraire, la population villageoise continue de croître, et l’essentiel des migrations indiennes sont intra-rurales. Fruit d’une recherche de terrain conduite dans le sud du pays, ce livre éclaire, en des milieux divers, les logiques d’enracinement paysan et les multiples stratégies de mobilité, bien plus complexes que ne le suggèrent les modèles dominants du comportement migratoire. Territoires, ressources, idéologie et parenté dessinent ainsi sans déterminisme sommaire l’éventail des choix possibles, auxquels chaque famille ou presque est confrontée, dans un large cadre socio-économique en constante évolution.

Keywords

rural exodus --- India --- migration --- mobility --- peasant

La Bhakti d'une reine : Śiva à Tiruccen̠n̠ampūṇṭi

Authors:
ISBN: 9791036549922 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.645 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Arts in general --- History --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Abstract

Élevé entre la fin du ixe et la première moitié du xe siècle au cœur du delta de la Kāvēri du pays tamoul, en l’honneur du « grand dieu de Tirukkaṭaimuṭi », le temple shivaïte de Tirucceṉṉampūṇṭi constitue l’assise de cet ouvrage. Maintenant abandonné, ce temple est l’un des exemples les plus anciens d’un art dit Cōḻa. L’analyse conduit à proposer qu’il fut construit en l’honneur d’une des divinités shivaïtes chantées dans l’anthologie poétique des premiers hymnes à Śiva du pays tamoul, le Tēvāram (VIIe-IXe siècles). La difficulté à cerner l’identité du plus important des patrons du temple, la reine Pallava Māṟampāvai, répond à la complexité d’un site où s’entrelacent différents corpus, poèmes, épigraphes, sculptures, monuments Pallava et manifestations artistiques de la période cōḻa. Tirucceṉṉampūṇṭi est ainsi exploré à travers trois directions de recherche principales : il s’agit de définir l’art Cōḻa en reconnaissant la contribution des temples royaux des Pallava et en s’interrogeant sur l’usage des labels dynastiques, d’explorer la relation entre le monde des textes et celui de l’archéologie à l’aide de deux corpus précis, l’un iconographique, l’autre épigraphique et, enfin, d’examiner la relation entre royal et local pour ce qui concerne le phénomène religieux connu sous le nom de "Bhakti". Femme active dans une région déterminée, se proclamant dans des inscriptions tamoules membre d’une famille des Pallava fameuse pour son épigraphie sanskrite, liée à une communauté de marchands plus qu’aux brahmanes, Māṟampāvai paraît cristalliser les rencontres entre plusieurs mondes. L’univers divin n’est pas le moins complexe d’entre eux : Viṣṇu

Keywords

Tamil epigraphy --- Hindu art --- deity --- Saivism --- temple --- Pallava --- bhakti

Bibliotheca Malabarica : Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg's Tamil Library

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9791036544279 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.580 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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The Bibliotheca Malabarica is an annotated catalogue of Tamil manuscripts collected by the missionary Bartholomäus Ziegenbalg during his first two years in India (1706–1708). The third section of this catalogue, consisting of 119 entries covering works of Hindu and Jaina provenance, provides a fascinating insight into Tamil literary works in wide circulation on the eve of colonialism. The introduction assesses the character of Ziegenbalg’s library in the context of the sources from which he obtained manuscripts. Will Sweetman’s translation is then augmented by annotations which identify the works and comment on Ziegenbalg’s view of them. It identifies for the first time one text — the Tirikāla cakkaram — which was formative for Ziegenbalg’s view of Hinduism from his earliest letters from India to his magnum opus, the Genealogia der malabarischen Götter (1713). A concluding chapter considers other Tamil works mentioned in Ziegenbalg's writings after 1708.

Bilingual discourse and cross-cultural fertilisation: Sanskrit and Tamil in medieval India

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9791036544330 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.2807 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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This collection of essays aims to trace the exchanges, responses, affinities and fissures between the worlds of Sanskrit and Tamil literary cultures in the medieval period. The literati who produced the works in these languages moved freely between domains that earlier Indological scholarship has tended to compartmentalise. The eleven studies presented in this volume strive to move beyond this narrow perspective and thus do justice to the richness and complexity of the cultural synthesis that took shape in South India in this period. By looking at the articulation of identities, practices, and discourses in texts of a range of genres composed in Tamil and Sanskrit (as well as Prakrit and Malayalam), these essays supply a picture of South India in the medieval period that is unique in its historical depth and conceptual complexity and demonstrate innovative ways to investigate and problematise cross-cultural phenomena, while suggesting how much work yet remains to be done.

Calcutta 1981 : The city, its crisis, and the debate on urban planning and development

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ISBN: 9791036549779 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.5143 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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Abstract

A city laden with symbolic meaning in the Western mind, Calcutta – with ten million inhabitants today – is much more than the apathetic or violent display of urban destitution in India, as seen by the world at large. This collection tries to reach precisely beyond the cliches, to enable some of those who work in the city as decision-makers, planners or analysts, to speak out and Interpret the multifaceted crisis that has hit this city as it continues to grow, even though its economy is in decline. Their words have all the force as they are derived from first-hand experience. In analysing the laboured evolution of this city, once known as "the most beautiful city east of Suez", we have provided some material on a major case-study for the debate on urban planning and development in the Third World. The planning exercise launched in Calcutta in early 1960s, with support from American experts, hoped also to halt the spread of communism in Bengal. This was a vain expectation, however, as the Communist Party of India-Marxist has been continuously voted into power since 1977. From that date, the Left Front Government has controlled the Calcutta Metropolitan Development Authority, which provides amenities to the city and metropolitan district with support from, among others, the World Bank. What are henceforth the urban development policies of "parliamentary communism"? What are the problems they are up against when action is necessary on all fronts at once? In the final analysis, for what purpose and for whom are they planning? What should be the priorities? To set up the economy to right first? To provide amenities for the city? Or to improve the daily life of the most underprivileged? When confronted with these realities, what the Left is able to achieve in power? These are some of the questions that the contributors to this collection have, in their own way, been concerned with in creating an image of present-day Calcutta, seen through its own eyes.

The calf became an orphan : A study in contemporary Kannada fiction

Authors:
ISBN: 9791036549748 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.6252 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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This book is a revised version of a Ph. D. Thesis submitted to the University of Utrecht. It is the first doctoral dissertation about Kannada literature submitted at a university in the Western world. The book is an attempt at learning about the culture of Karnataka as reflected in contemporary Kannada fiction. It surveys Kannada fiction of the post-Independence era, in the light of certain “culturally specific themes”. Through a literary analysis of 35 works, the author of the book has focused on such themes as Indian womanhood, aspects of Hinduism, its confrontation with other faiths, the implications of the caste system and so on. The book contains elaborate summaries of the literary works discussed.

Contribution to the History of the Wheeled Vehicle in India

Authors:
ISBN: 9791036544484 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.726 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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This book is a contribution to the history of the wheeled vehicle in India. In the first part we examine the present carriages, their types and their distribution; then, in the light of these clearly discernible facts, we intend to interpret the sources concerning, on the one hand, the wheeled vehicles from Protohistory to the Mughal period, and on the other hand, the changes introduced by the transport revolution of the middle of the 19th century. It shows that, prior to the British period, the northern plains of India were favoured with a variety of vehicles for travelling and for goods traffic, many of them with a rudimentary form of suspension, while in the Deccan, most of the country carts were heavy, ill-constructed and not fit for distant journeys. The reason why the people of Hindusthan showed much greater ingenuity than those of the Deccan concerning the construction of carts is perhaps due to the fact that, over the centuries, greater attention was given there to roads and their maintenance than on the peninsula: at least since Asoka, the sovereigns of the Gangetic Plain were interested in the question of roads, and particularly in the good condition of the Grand Trunk Road and the axes leading to the Gulf of Cambay.

Keywords

wheeled vehicle --- carriage --- cart --- road

Deep rivers : Selected Writings on Tamil literature

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9791036549885 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.3464 Language: English
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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Abstract

This book brings together for the first time in English all the major essays written by François Gros on Tamil literature. An impressive range of topics is covered here from studies of Caṅkam literature and devotional texts of the Tamil Bhakti traditions to contemporary Tamil novels and short stories. Many of the essays include an overview of French Indological work over past three centuries made available to the English speaking scholarly world for the first time here. While the author urges European and American scholars of Tamil history and culture to take the intellectual discourses of Tamil scholarship seriously, he insists at the same time that Tamil not be ghettoized but should rather be read alongside texts in other South Indian languages, with reference to the evidence of epigraphy, numismatics, archaeology and art history.

La doctrine de Madhva : Dvaita-Vedānta

Authors:
ISBN: 9791036544422 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.1444 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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La tension entre le non-dualisme et le dualisme domine toute l’histoire du Vedanta. En face de l’advaita de Śaṅkara, le système de Madhva, auquel cette étude est consacrée, représente l’extrême dualisme, dvaita. Cependant Madhva, après avoir posé la réalité irréductible de la différence entre Dieu et le monde, a comme compensé cette scission de l’être par l’affirmation que tout être autre que l’Être absolu est dépendant de celui-ci, seul Dieu ne dépendant que de lui-même. L’originalité du système de Madhva est d’inventer une relation nouvelle entre l’Être et les êtres. Seul l’Être est capable de faire exister des êtres différents de lui et totalement dépendants de lui ; Dieu permet à toute réalité d’être, et d’être ce qu’elle est.

Keywords

Hinduism --- Vaisnavism --- philosophy --- Vedanta --- Madhva --- Dvaita

Les enseignements architecturaux de l'Ajitāgama et du Rauravāgama : Études sur les āgama śivaïtes, I

Authors:
ISBN: 9791036544446 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.1617 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
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Abstract

L’Ajitāgama et le Rauravāgama publiés dans cette même collection (ci-dessus n° 24 et 18) par le Pandit N.R. Bhatt sont deux traités śivaïtes sanskrits relevant de l’École Śaivasiddhānta. Comme de nombreux autres āgama de la même école, ils contiennent des exposés importants et détaillés sur l’architecture des temples de Śiva et de leurs annexes. Cet ouvrage analyse ces exposés et en étudie systématiquement la terminologie. Il fournit ainsi une première présentation de la théorie architecturale indienne élaborée en Inde du Sud à partir des viie-viiie siècle sur la base des temples pallava et développée ensuite à l’époque Cola. Un index-glossaire et différents tableaux concernant des ensembles moulurés complètent l’ouvrage.

Keywords

architecture --- āgama --- temple --- Saivism --- Pallava --- Cola --- theory --- terminology

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