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Browse results: Found 17

Listing 11 - 17 of 17 << page
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Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich im Mittelalter, Band 2

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ISBN: 9783706548311 Year: Pages: 442 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437197 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4189
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:33
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A remarkably high number of medieval sources on the history of Jews can be found in Austria. This huge amount of sources provides information on the economic, legal and personal situation of the Jews as well as on the interactions between Christians and Jews. Therefore, the Institute for Jewish History in Austria has engaged in preparatory work to publish this source material. In the course of the FWF project P 15638, the first volume of these sources (from the beginnings until 1338) was published by Eveline Brugger and Birgit Wiedl, and research for the second volume was begun. In the course of the follow-up project "Documents on Jewish History in Austria 1339-1365", this research was completed and the volume prepared for publication. Charters as well as historiographic and literary sources containing references to both Jews and Austria were collected and processed according to scientific criteria. This material includes a considerable number of texts which have not been published at all or treated with regard to the Jewish aspect yet. Research was carried out in archives both in Austria and abroad; furthermore, previously published material was also collected. The resulting manuscript consists of a chronological series of 682 document summaries. The apparatus includes information about the form the text was preserved in (original, copies), former publications in printing (full text or summaries) or online as well as the literature that is relevant to the respective document. Additionally, an extensive index as well as a scientific commentary were added to the relevant document to make the source texts accessible to the reader. Given the volume's topic, the Jews mentioned in the source text were the main focus of these commentaries. The sources which were collected and processed in preparation of the second volume cover a critical period of time for the Austrian Jews. It is of crucial importance that any comprehensive study of this period is based on the entirety of the source material, which is now readily available in the finished volume. Both the consequences of the Pulkau persecution of 1338, which wiped out a number of smaller Jewish settlements, and the impact which the plague had on the Austrian Jews are reflected in these sources. Besides, these sources allow a more detailed analysis of the policies which the dukes Albrecht II and Rudolf IV pursued towards the Jews, which in turn provides insights into the legal, social and economic situation of the Austrian Jews during this period.

Regesten zur Geschichte der Juden in Österreich, Band 3: 1366-1386

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783706553261 Year: Pages: 553 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574666 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 261
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:28
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The remarkably high number of medieval sources on the history of Austrian Jews allows for insights into the economic, legal, and social standing of the Jews as well as into how the Christian environment treated them. The sources published in this volume show the decline in the economic and legal position of the Jews; while they were largely safe from open persecution, they were subjected to more and more restrictions that aimed at mere financial exploitation. In addition to that, the sources provide insights into the everyday interaction of Jews with the Christian majority.

Robert Neumann: Mit eigener Feder

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ISBN: 9783706550819 Year: Pages: 929 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_453484 Language: English
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 53
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:33
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Robert Neumann (1897–1957, Austrian exiled author and Vicepresidet of the PEN International, was even a disputatious antifascist political writer. His essays, his letters and biograpical documents give a vivid portrait of the diversity of literary life in Germay and Austria (before 1933/after 1958) and of exile in England (1933–1958).

Terrorismus

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ISBN: 9783706546041 Year: Pages: 636 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437170 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4038
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:08
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"Terrorism. 9/11 in Context" is an anthology of thematic priorities that aims to establish a better understanding of the complexities of terrorism aside from one-dimensional characterisations in media and politics. The main focal points are: The definition of terrorism, its causes, mythological charging and pop cultural realization. Reactions of the state towards the terrorist challenge - the political, military and security aspects as well as media counter strategies - are also of keen interest. Further, as case-studies from the US, Latin America and Europe clearly demonstrate the state can also be a perpetrator of terrorism, either during covert operations or by adopting the mirror image of guerrillas and terrorists in counter insurgency warfare. The main thread of "Terrorism. 9/11 in Context" is the analysis of the "superstructure"- the symbolic and ideological sources of terrorism. Terrorist violence is seen as commitment for radical political change, which is fuelled not only by political and social grievances, but also by the gratification of a radical-action identity. Thus, terrorism is most of all the product of a powerful idea, which motivates and stimulates activists, giving them the strong conviction needed to follow through their "project". It's the idea that not only is it possible to wage resistance against an alleged illegitimate, corrupt authority; it is also possible to inspire others to participate in an avant-garde armed struggle. On the other hand, the perspective of politicians and authorities on the terrorist enemy is also influenced to a certain degree by imagination and projection - this process is analysed through the depiction of terrorism in cinema, media and the imitation of terrorist tactics by counter terrorism forces.

Unteilbar und untrennbar?

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ISBN: 9783706547642 Year: Pages: 402 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437169 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4131
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:07
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Focussing on the necessary renewal of the economic compromise of Cisleithania and Hungary in 1897, the beginning of the great "Crisis of the Dualism of the Habsburg Monarchy" will be examined. This work is based on the archives in Vienna and Budapest of the ministers of finances and the archives of the primeministers (ÖStA.., HHStA., MOL.) as well as the protocolls of both parliaments. In October 1895 the new prime minister of Cisleithania, Badeni, started the negotiations with Hungary for the renewal of the economic compromise. This new compromise should have been finished in 1896, one year earlier than necessary to be a signal of strength and unity inside and outside the monarchy. In August 1896 this plan of an early compromise had to be dropped due to early elections of the Hungarian parliament. In May 1897 the renewal of the compromise again had to be postponed for one year. Cisleithania and Hungary couldn't find an agreement about the partition of the common expense between them (quota). Only the old compromise of 1887 could be prolonged for 1898. This so called Ausgleichsprovisorium (provisional compromise) was approved by the Hungarian parliament very quickly. In Cisleithania however it was facing the obstruction of the German parties of the elected chamber of parliament. The Germans wanted to force the Government to revoke the so called Badenian languages decrees for Bohemia and Moravia. These set the Czech language beside German even in the inner administration of these "crown lands" (provinces). The German fight against the government was concentrated on the Ausgleichsprovisorium due to the fact, that this was the only law, the government couldn't issue by an emergency decree; the Hungarian law of the constitutional compromise of 1867 didn't accept emergency decrees instead of laws on common issues. With this obstruction the German parties risked continuation of custom's union with Hungary and placed its future completely in Hungarian hands; they set their national above their economic interests. In November 1897 Badeni had to be dismissed. The German obstruction had successfully prevented the provisional compromise; the legal base of 1867 of the economic union was cast aside. Only by independent Cisleithanian and Hungarian laws could the unity be saved. Instead of a sign of strength and health, Austria-Hungary demonstrated its weakness and its inner strife.

Vergangenheit, die nicht vergeht

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ISBN: 9783706548533 Year: Pages: 272 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437168 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4195
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:06
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The publication entitled "Vergangenheit, die nicht vergeht. Das Gedächtnis der Shoah in Frankreich seit 1945 im Medium Film" (A past, that doesn't pass. Holocaust Memory in France since 1945 in the Media Film) explores the basic transformations of the Holocaust-memory in France on the basis of French fiction films that are to be identified as part of cinematography of the Holocaust. The chosen approach that can be described as a history of memory referring to models of collective memory in cultural science studies. The aim is to specify the change of collective memory at the level of the particular filmic narratives and - by doing so - to identify and to analyze the long term development and ruptures in the French culture of remembrance since 1945. The empiric part of this study is preceded by methodological reflections that on the one hand permit a clear and differentiating application of the terms used in the current cultural studies of collective memory. On the other hand this chapter should help to conceive the material of research "Fiction Film" as primal source for historical science. The investigation is divided into five chronological parts and involves altogether a sample of 50 films into the general study before electing cases for deeper analyses.

Das Volk sitzt zu Gericht

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ISBN: 103706541262 Year: Pages: 496 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3784
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:19

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From December 1944 until the end of March 1945, there existed a forced labour camp for Hungarian Jews in Engerau (today town district Petrzalka of the Slovakian capital Bratislava), which war part of the "Reich Defense Line" ("Wüdostwall"). There, more than 2000 Hungarian Jews had to work like slaves, digging up entrechments to "defend" the German Reich against the approaching soviet troops. Approximate 400 of the forced labourers died of exhaustion, deseases or were beaten to death by Viennese SA men. During the last days of WW II the camp was evacuated. A spezial detachment shot those were sic kor unfit to march, others were killed while the following footmarch to Bad Deutsch-Altenburg. Destination was the concentratio camp of Mauthausen. Those abominable crimes caused a series of legal proceedings in post war Austria against more than 70 accused - the so called "Engerau-trias". In five main trials between 1945 and 1954 against 21 defendants the Vienna "Peoples Court" - a spezial court with the task to punish nazi-crimes - imposed 9 death sentences and 1 life imprisonment. The publication analyzes the legal actions of this spezial court on the basis of the trial records located in the district court in Vienna, puts the proceedings in the lager context of the coping with the Nazi past by Austrian courts, but also in Austrian society, presents biographies of judges, attorneys and counsels of the trials, describes the coverage in the newspapers and gives attention to the gender-aspect and the reflection of the "Engerau-trials" in historiography. This is the first publication, which gives a systematic overview of the first ten years of the 2nd republic focussing post war judiciary in the soviet occupation zone and the archievements of Austrian judiciary in respect to punishing nazi-crimes on the basis of the most extensive Holocaust proceeding in Austria.

Listing 11 - 17 of 17 << page
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