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Language Science Press publishes high quality, peer-reviewed open-access books in the field of linguistics. All publications are free for both authors and readers. The books are published under a CC-BY license by default.

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Browse results: Found 116

Listing 11 - 20 of 116 << page
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Analogical classification in formal grammar

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Book Series: Empirically Oriented Theoretical Morphology and Syntax ISBN: 9783961101870 9783961101863 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3191825 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104859
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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The organization of the lexicon, and especially the relations between groups of lexemes is a strongly debated topic in linguistics. Some authors have insisted on the lack of any structure of the lexicon. In this vein, Di Sciullo & Williams (1987: 3) claim that “[t]he lexicon is like a prison – it contains only the lawless, and the only thing that its inmates have in commonis lawlessness”. In the alternative view, the lexicon is assumed to have a rich structure that captures all regularities and partial regularities that exist between lexical entries.Two very different schools of linguistics have insisted on the organization of the lexicon.

Keywords

Linguistics

Analyzing meaning

Authors:
Book Series: Textbooks in Language Sciences ISBN: 9783961100354 9783961100675 9783961100347 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1164112 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103534
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-04 11:01:02
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This book provides an introduction to the study of meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective. It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. The chapters are organized into six units: (1) Foundational concepts; (2) Word meanings; (3) Implicature (including indirect speech acts); (4) Compositional semantics; (5) Modals, conditionals, and causation; (6) Tense & aspect. Most of the chapters include exercises which can be used for class discussion and/or homework assignments, and each chapter contains references for additional reading on the topics covered. As the title indicates, this book is truly an INTRODUCTION: it provides a solid foundation which will prepare students to take more advanced and specialized courses in semantics and/or pragmatics. It is also intended as a reference for fieldworkers doing primary research on under-documented languages, to help them write grammatical descriptions that deal carefully and clearly with semantic issues. The approach adopted here is largely descriptive and non-formal (or, in some places, semi-formal), although some basic logical notation is introduced. The book is written at level which should be appropriate for advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate students. It presupposes some previous coursework in linguistics, but does not presuppose any background in formal logic or set theory.

Keywords

Linguistics

Analyzing meaning

Authors:
Book Series: Textbooks in Language Sciences ISBN: 9783961101375 9783961101368 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2538330 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104794
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Abstract

This book provides an introduction to the study of meaning in human language, from a linguistic perspective. It covers a fairly broad range of topics, including lexical semantics, compositional semantics, and pragmatics. The chapters are organized into six units: (1) Foundational concepts; (2) Word meanings; (3) Implicature (including indirect speech acts); (4) Compositional semantics; (5) Modals, conditionals, and causation; (6) Tense & aspect. Most of the chapters include exercises which can be used for class discussion and/or homework assignments, and each chapter contains references for additional reading on the topics covered. As the title indicates, this book is truly an INTRODUCTION: it provides a solid foundation which will prepare students to take more advanced and specialized courses in semantics and/or pragmatics.

Keywords

Linguistics

Annotation, exploitation and evaluation of parallel corpora

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783961100248 9783961100255 Year: Pages: 522 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1089335 [2] Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-16 11:01:56
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Abstract

Exchange between the translation studies and the computational linguistics communities has traditionally not been very intense. Among other things, this is reflected by the different views on parallel corpora. While computational linguistics does not always strictly pay attention to the translation direction (e.g. when translation rules are extracted from (sub)corpora which actually only consist of translations), translation studies are amongst other things concerned with exactly comparing source and target texts (e.g. to draw conclusions on interference and standardization effects). However, there has recently been more exchange between the two fields – especially when it comes to the annotation of parallel corpora. This special issue brings together the different research perspectives. Its contributions show – from both perspectives – how the communities have come to interact in recent years.

A aquisição de língua materna e não materna

Authors: ---
Book Series: Textbooks in Language Sciences ISBN: 9783961100163 9781976340147 Year: Pages: 498 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.889261 Language: Uncoded
Publisher: Language Science Press
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-13 11:02:32
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The present volume is an introduction to the study of Language Acquisition, especially centered on Portuguese. Even though the different chapters always take Portuguese as a point of departure, a comparative perspective is assumed and Portuguese data is compared to data from other languages, when relevant. This book aims at filling a gap in the literature: an introductory textbook to be used by students of Language Acquisition in Portuguese-speaking countries. The book is composed by chapters authored by several Portuguese and Brazilian researchers and it presents in textbook format a relevant part of the research results obtained during the last decades. The book starts with a general historical presentation of the field. The following chapters explore the acquisition of phonology and syntax and consider the problem of typical and atypical development, as well as linguistic assessment. Bilingualism and L2 acquisition are the topics of two independent chapters. Two final chapters discuss the development of linguistic awareness, in relation to the acquisition of writing.

Beiträge zur deutschen Grammatik

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783961100330 9783961100323 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1145680 Language: German
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103528
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-04 11:01:02
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This volume contains the complete collection of published and unpublished work on German grammar by Tilman N. Höhle. It consists of two parts. The first part is Topologische Felder, a book-length manuscript that was written in 1983 but was never finished nor published. It is a careful examination of the topological properties of German sentences, including a discussion of typological assumptions. The second part assembles all other published and unpublished papers by Höhle on German grammar. All of these papers were highly influential in German linguistics, in theoretical linguistics in general, and in a specific variant of theoretical linguistics, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Topics covered are clause structure, constituent order, coordination, (verum) focus, word structure, the relationship between relative pronouns and verbs in V2, extraction, and the foundations of a theory of phonology in constraint-based grammar.

Keywords

Linguistics

Beiträge zur deutschen Grammatik

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783961101252 9783961101498 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2588383 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104801
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Abstract

This volume contains the complete collection of published and unpublished work on German grammar by Tilman N. Höhle. It consists of two parts. The first part is Topologische Felder, a book-length manuscript that was written in 1983 but was never finished nor published. It is a careful examination of the topological properties of German sentences, including a discussion of typological assumptions. The second part assembles all other published and unpublished papers by Höhle on German grammar. All of these papers were highly influential in German linguistics, in theoretical linguistics in general, and in a specific variant of theoretical linguistics, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar. Topics covered are clause structure, constituent order, (verum) focus, word structure, the relationship between relative pronouns and verbs in V2, and the foundations of a theory of phonology in constraint-based grammar. This book is a revised version of http://langsci-press.org/catalog/book/149

Keywords

Linguistics

Bridging constructions

Authors:
Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783961101429 9783961101412 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2563698 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104797
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Abstract

Many descriptive grammars report the use of a linguistic pattern at the interface between discourse and syntax which is known generally as tail-head linkage. This volume takes an unprecedented look at this type of linkage across languages and shows that there exist three distinct variants, all subsumed under the hypernym bridging constructions. The chapters highlight the defining features of these constructions in the grammar and their functional properties in discourse. The volume reveals that: Bridging constructions consist of two clauses: a reference clause and a bridging clause. Across languages, bridging clauses can be subordinated clauses, reduced main clauses, or main clauses with continuation prosody. Bridging constructions have three variants: recapitulative linkage, summary linkage and mixed linkage. They differ in the formal makeup of the bridging clause.

Keywords

Linguistics

Can integrated titles improve the viewing experience?

Authors:
Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783961100668 9783961100651 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1180721 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103526
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-04 11:01:02
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Abstract

Historically a dubbing country, Germany is not well-known for subtitled productions. But while dubbing is predominant in Germany, more and more German viewers prefer original and subtitled versions of their favourite shows and films. Conventional subtitling, however, can be seen as a strong intrusion into the original image that can not only disrupt but also destroy the director’s intended shot composition and focus points. Long eye movements between focus points and subtitles decrease the viewer’s information intake, and especially German audiences, who are often not used to subtitles, seem to prefer to wait for the next subtitle instead of looking back up again. Furthermore, not only the placement, but also the overall design of conventional subtitles can disturb the image composition – for instance titles with a weak contrast, inappropriate typeface or irritating colour system. So should it not, despite the translation process, be possible to preserve both image and sound as far as possible? Especially given today’s numerous artistic and technical possibilities and the huge amount of work that goes into the visual aspects of a film, taking into account not only special effects, but also typefaces, opening credits and text-image compositions. A further development of existing subtitling guidelines would not only express respect towards the original film version but also the translator’s work.

Keywords

Linguistics

Communication and content

Authors:
Book Series: Topics at the Grammar-Discourse Interface ISBN: 9783961101993 9783961101986 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3243924 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104959
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-22 11:21:03
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Abstract

Communication and content presents a comprehensive and foundational account of meaning based on new versions of situation theory and game theory. The literal and implied meanings of an utterance are derived from first principles assuming little more than the partial rationality of interacting agents. New analyses of a number of diverse phenomena – a wide notion of ambiguity and content encompassing phonetics, syntax, semantics, pragmatics, and beyond, vagueness, convention and conventional meaning, indeterminacy, universality, the role of truth in communication, semantic change, translation, Frege’s puzzle of informative identities – are developed. Communication, speaker meaning, and reference are defined. Frege’s context and compositional principles are generalized and reconciled in a fixed-point principle, and a detailed critique of Grice, several aspects of Lewis, and some aspects of the Romantic conception of meaning are offered.

Keywords

Linguistics

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