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Edition Open Access provides open access to the publications of the Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge, and of Edition Open Sources in accordance with the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to knowledge in the sciences and humanities, which was launched by the Max Planck Society in 2003. The aim is to disseminate peer-reviewed results of scholarly work to a broad audience rapidly and at low cost. The volumes presented are directed at scholars and students in a wide range of disciplines and are available online, as print-on-demand books and open-access publications.

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Prior to publication, all Edition Open Access volumes undergo a strict peer-reviewing process. Members of the editorial board not only monitor this process, but in addition suggest and supervise suitable publications for inclusion in Edition Open Access. Works that have not undergone a reviewing process will not be considered for Edition Open Access.

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Frühe Mikroskopie: Beobachtung als Forschungspraxis

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Book Series: Studies 9: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561140 Year: Pages: 171 Language: Deutsch
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 10:11:40
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Mit dem Mikroskop wurde in den 1620er Jahren ein neues Instrument in die Naturforschung eingeführt, dessen Möglichkeiten man zunächst geradezu euphorisch begrüßte, gegen Ende des Jahrhunderts dann jedoch mit zunehmendem Zweifel bedachte. Beobachten mit dem Mikroskop entwickelte sich innerhalb dieser Jahre zu einer hoch spezialisierten Form der Naturforschung: Die Beobachtungen lösten sich zunehmend von den Fragestellungen traditioneller Kontexte von Wissenschaft wie Naturphilosophie, Naturgeschichte und Medizin. Die Untersuchungsobjekte wurden zunächst über Vergleiche beschrieben, dann aber in ein dichter werdendes Netz aus Analogien eingebunden. Ferner wurden beständig neue Techniken entwickelt oder an die Gegebenheiten angepasst. Die Untersuchungen entwickelten hinsichtlich dieser Aspekte einerseits eine produktive Eigendynamik, andererseits hatten die zunehmend individuellen Ziele und Vorgehensweisen der Akteure mit zur Folge, dass die Überprüfung der Beobachtungen oder eine Kooperation kaum noch möglich waren. - Die Bände der Serie Studies sind zentralen Themen der Geschichte und Entwicklung des Wissens gewidmet. Perspektiven aus unterschiedlichen Bereichen werden zusammengebracht, und auf Quellen gestützte empirische Forschung wird mit theoretisch ausgerichteten Ansätzen verknüpft. Die einzelnen Bände behandeln typischerweise neue, integrative Ansätze interdisziplinärer Forschergruppen. Sie berühren so unterschiedliche Themen wie die Globalisierung des Wissens oder die Entwicklung des räumlichen Denkens.

The Globalization of Knowledge in History

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Book Series: Studies 1: Max Planck Research Library in the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783844222388 Year: Pages: 866 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 16:56:00
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Today scientific, technological and cultural knowledge is shared worldwide. The extent to which globalized knowledge also existed in the past is an open question and, moreover, a question that is important for understanding present processes of globalization. This book, the first volume of the series "Studies" of the "Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge," the result of an interdisciplinary cooperation launched in 2007 by a Dahlem Conference, offers surprising answers to this question. Long-distance and intercontinental connections with an attendant spread of knowledge are as old as Homo sapiens themselves. Since its inception, the globalization of knowledge has been a process with its own dynamics, interfering significantly with other processes of intercultural transmission. The four parts of this volume address historical phases in which the production, transmission and transformation of knowledge were crucial for advancing these processes. Part 1 investigates a series of processes in the very early phases of globalization, from the transmission of practical knowledge to the emergence of science. Part 2 explores how knowledge was disseminated as a consequence of the spread of power and belief structures. Part 3 deals with the encounters between culturally specific knowledge and globalized knowledge. Part 4 is dedicated to the globalization of modern science and to the great challenges, such as energy supply and climate change, that humanity faces when dealing with knowledge today The 97th Dahlem Workshop: The present volume is based on the 97th Dahlem Workshop on Globalization of Knowledge and its Consequences, Berlin, 18–23 November 2007, coordinated by Katharina Ochse. Participants: Ian Baldwin, Angelo Baracca, Fabio Bevilacqua, Maria Emilia Beyer, Hans-Peter Blossfeld, Gianluca Bocchi, István M. Bodnár, Jens Erland Braarvig, Chiara Brambilla, Eva Cancik-Kirschbaum, Jacob Dahl, Peter Damerow, Hansjörg Dilger, Kostas Gavroglu, Matteo Gerlini, Denise Gimpel, Gerd Graßhoff, Hans Falk Hoffmann, Dirk Hofäcker, Jarita C. Holbrook, Malcolm D. Hyman, Birgit Krawietz, Manfred Krebernik, Joachim Kurtz, Manolis Patiniotis, Albert Presas I Puig, Daniel T. Potts, Dhruv Raina, Jürgen Renn, Richard Rottenburg, Dagmar Schäfer, Matthias Schemmel, Mark Schiefsky, Meredith Schuman, Gebhard J. Selz, Martina Siebert, Circe Mary Silva da Silva, Ana Simões, Tzveta Sofronieva, Saran Solongo, Karin Tybjerg, Hans Ulrich Vogel, Milena Wazeck, Gerhard Wolf, Harriet T. Zurndorfer

The Globalization of Knowledge in the Iberian Colonial World

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Book Series: Proceedings 10: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561072 Year: Pages: 322 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 10:37:43
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This volume investigates processes of knowledge formation in the Iberian colonies by attempting to understand the Spanish and Portuguese contribution to the European scientific tradition, and by tracing the origins and history of this knowledge to find out how it was gained. The studies in this volume reconsider our understanding of what scientific knowledge is and introduce a variety of scientific cultures of European and non-European origin. They examine the mixing processes of scientific cultures and the role these cultures played in the colonial situation at the intersection of non-human processes and human action. The volume brings together contributions in the history of botany, art, materia medica, translation in the religious sphere of colonial missions as well as mining as a scientific, juridical and industrial endeavor.

Guidobaldo del Monte (1545–1607)

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Book Series: Proceedings 4: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783844242836 Year: Pages: 394 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 10:44:51
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Guidobaldo Marquis dal Monte has long been identified as a key figure in the history of the mathematical disciplines in the Renaissance. The contributions brought together in this volume examine all the key aspects of the Marquis dal Monte’s activities, ranging from mechanics and the science of perspective to architecture and geometry. Some of the essays provide intellectual analyses of Guidobaldo’s works, including their significance and reception, others document his activities in the design of mathematical instruments, in civil and military architecture, and in his professional travels and contacts with Galileo. Many of the contributions rely on archival research shedding new light on his activities. As a result, Guidobaldo appears in a new light and as a key figure not only in the Duchy of Urbino, but also on an Italian and European stage.

Guidobaldo del Monte’s Mechanicorum liber

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Book Series: Sources 1: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783869319629 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 13:44:37
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The book presents Guidobaldo del Monte's first book from 1577, the Mechanicorum liber, which is reprinted here in a facsimile edition. The book is a comprehensive treatise on mechanics dealing with the five simple machines, the lever, the pulley, the wheel on an axle, the wedge and the screw. Their properties were in turn derived from the workings of the balance and the lever. The idea that every mechanism can be reduced to these five simple machines goes back to Heron of Alexandria and has been transmitted to the early modern period by Pappus, while the foundational role of balance and lever goes back to the Problemata mechanica ascribed to Aristotle.

Herausforderung Energie: Ausgewählte Vorträge der 126. Versammlung der Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte e.V.

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Book Series: Proceedings 1: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783844205015 Year: Pages: 217 Language: German
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 10:52:46
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Die Atomdiskussion des Jahres 2011 berührt vielschichtige Aspekte der Energieversorgung. Das Buch bietet dazu aus der Sicht unterschiedlicher Fachdisziplinen aktuell Informationen und Hintergründe in allgemein verständlicher Form. Zunächst wird in einer Einführung ein Gerüst der Energiediskussion aus der Sicht eines Naturwissenschaftlers beschrieben. Es folgen Kapitel von Spezialisten zu den aktuellen Themen „smart grid“, Erdwärme, Struktur der Mobilität, und Strom aus der Wüste. Ergänzt wird das Themenspektrum durch Beiträge über die sichere Lagerung von radioaktiven Abfällen und von Kohlendioxid. Ein weiterer Beitrag zeigt die längerfristigen Möglichkeiten der Energiespeicherung mit chemischen Methoden auf. Die Dokumentation eines Streitgespräches zwischen Vertretern von Natur- und Geisteswissenschaften zum Begriff „Energie“ rundet das Themenspektrum ab. Das Buch enthält vielfältige Abbildungen und Schaubilder und stellt den Argumenten nachvollziehbare Fakten bei. Die Beiträge stammen von ausgewiesenen Experten und sind Auszüge aus der Dokumentation der Jahrestagung der Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte 2010 in Dresden. Die vollständige Form wird im Herbst 2011 im Georg Thieme Verlag erscheinen.

The History of Science in a World of Readers

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Book Series: Studies 11: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561423 Year: Pages: 189 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-14 11:47:01
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What role should historians of science, technology, and medicine have in communicating their own body of literature - its methods and concerns - across linguistic boundaries? This anthology is a proactive response to this question. As the West and the East become ever more closely related through travel, trade, and - not least - the globalization of knowledge, the seven essays in this volume should stimulate new engagements between English and Chinese readers on the centrality of science, technology, and medicine for our histories and our future. A wider selection of such influential literature, published in English since 1990, has been translated into Chinese and published in China in a companion volume. The series Studies of the Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge is dedicated to key subjects in the history and development of knowledge, bringing together perspectives from different fields and combining source-based empirical research with theoretically guided approaches. Studies typically present working group volumes with integrative approaches. The volumes are available both as print-on-demand books and as open-access publications on the Internet. The material is freely accessible online at www.edition-open-access.de.

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Melammu: The Ancient World in an Age of Globalization

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Book Series: Proceedings 7: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561003 Year: Pages: 397 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 11:43:47
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Melammu volumes have broadened the horizons of studies of antiquity by encouraging the crossing of geographical and cultural boundaries between ancient civilizations of the Mediterranean and Near East. The present Melammu volume extends from Greece to India, with articles on Phrygia and Armenia, also viewing texts from ancient Israel, Egypt, and Mesopotamia. The globalization described in this volume extends over language barriers and literatures, showing how texts as well as goods can travel between societies and regions. This collection of papers offer new insights and perspectives into connections between the Mediterranean World, Mesopotamia, Anatolia, Persia and India.

Metallurgy, Ballistics and Epistemic Instruments: The Nova scientia of Nicolò Tartaglia – A New Edition

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Book Series: Sources 6: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783844252583 Year: Pages: 360 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 12:09:23
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In 1537, Nicolò Tartaglia (1500–1557), a mathematician from Brescia, published "Nova scientia." It was this work that led to the foundation of the modern science of ballistics. Tartaglia’s intention was to create a purely mathematical science based on axioms, which was fundamental to the entire subject of mechanics, starting with a limited number of principles and arriving at a series of propositions through a rigid procedure of deduction. Nevertheless, as Tartaglia himself states, his motive was fundamentally practical and connected to the activities of the sixteenth-century bombardier. A new edition of Nicolò Tartaglia’s "Nova scientia," based on the 1558 print run of the second enlarged edition (1550), shows how the emergence of theoretical ballistics was a consequence of the technological innovations that took place in the frame of the practice of iron casting at the turn from the fifteenth to the sixteenth century.

New Vistas on Old Problems: Recent Approaches to the Foundations of Quantum Mechanics

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Book Series: Proceedings 3: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783844242843 Year: Pages: 188 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-07 12:14:48
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Quantum theory has been a subject of interpretational debates ever since its inception. The Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen paradox, the empirical violation of Bell’s inequalities, and recent activities to exploit quantum entanglement for technological innovation only exacerbate a long-standing philosophical debate. Despite no-signaling theorems and theories of decoherence, deep-rooted conflicts between special relativistic principles and observed quantum correlations as well as between definite measurement outcomes and quantum theoretical superpositions persist. This collection of papers, first presented at an international symposium at the University of Bern in 2011, highlights some recent approaches to the old problems of a philosophy of quantum mechanics. The authors address the issues from a variety of perspectives, ranging from variations of causal theory and system theoretic interpretations of the observer to an empirical test of whether entanglement itself can be entangled. The essays demonstrate that the discussion about the foundations of quantum mechanics is as lively and interesting as ever.

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