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Kafka and Wittgenstein

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ISBN: 9780810131460 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102830
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-07 11:21:02
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In Kafka and Wittgenstein, Rebecca Schuman undertakes the first ever book-length scholarly examination of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s philosophy of language alongside Franz Kafka’s prose fiction. In groundbreaking readings, she argues that although many readers of Kafka are searching for what his texts mean, in this search we are sorely mistaken. Instead, the problems and illusions we portend to uncover, the important questions we attempt to answer—Is Josef K. guilty? If so, of what? What does Gregor Samsa’s transformed body mean? Is Land-Surveyor K. a real land surveyor?— themselves presuppose a bigger delusion: that such questions can be asked in the first place. Drawing deeply on the entire range of Wittgenstein’s writings, Schuman cannily sheds new light on the enigmatic Kafka.

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Literature --- Kafka --- Wittgenstein

Kierkegaard as Psychologist

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ISBN: 9780810131316 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102827
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-07 11:21:02
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Kierkegaard’s psychological thought has always been acknowledged as very rich—Reinhold Niebuhr hailed him as the greatest psychologist of the soul since Augustine—and has had a major influence on Heidegger, Sartre, and existential psychoanalysis. Nevertheless, his accomplishment has not always been fully appreciated, in part because it is so scattered across his works. As Vincent McCarthy demonstrates in Kierkegaard as Psychologist, Kierkegaard was pursuing “psychology” before there was a formally recognized academic field bearing that name, and a coherent thread runs through the so-called pseudonymous works. McCarthy elucidates often-difficult texts, highlights the rich psychological dimension of Kierkegaard’s thought, and provides an introduction for the nonspecialist and a commentary on Kierkegaard’s psychology that will interest both specialists and nonspecialists, while engaging in rich comparisons with such figures as Freud and Heidegger.

Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts

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ISBN: 9780810135970 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101376
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 11:02:39
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Soren Kierkegaard was as much aesthete as philosopher, and his writings are as much literary and music criticism as philosophy. Kierkegaard, Literature, and the Arts contains fourteen essays that focus on the influence and reception of Kierkegaard in literature, the visual arts, and music. The essays in part I focus on Kierkegaard in relationship to literature, his own main medium of expression; part II, to the performing arts, including theater, music, and dance; part III, to visual arts and film; while the essays of part IV are comparative in nature, considering Kierkegaard in juxtaposition with a Romantic poet, a modern composer, and a contemporary musician, singer, and song-writer.

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Philosophy

The Middle Included

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810134010  9780810134027 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628782 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100717
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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The Middle Included is a systematic exploration of the meanings of logos throughout Aristotle’s work. It claims that the basic meaning is “gathering,” a relation that holds its terms together without isolating them or collapsing one to the other. This meaning also applies to logos in the sense of human language. Aristotle describes how some animals are capable of understanding non-firsthand experience without being able to relay it, while others relay it without understanding. Aygün argues that what distinguishes human language, for Aristotle, is its ability to both understand and relay firsthand and non-firsthand experiences. This ability is key to understanding the human condition: science, history, news media, propaganda, gossip, utopian fiction, and sophistry, as well as philosophy. Ömer Aygün finds Aristotle’s name for this peculiar but crucial human ability of “gathering” both experiences is logos, and this leads to a claim about the specificity of human rationality and language.

Keywords

Philosophy

Montaigne and the Origins of Modern Philosophy

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ISBN: 9780810129658 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101383
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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Montaigne’s Essays are rightfully studied as giving birth to the literary form of that name. Ann Hartle’s Montaigne and the Origins of Modern Philosophy argues that the essay is actually the perfect expression of Montaigne as what he called "a new figure: an unpremeditated and accidental philosopher." Unpremeditated philosophy is philosophy made sociable—brought down from the heavens to the street, where it might be engaged in by a wider audience. In the same philosophical act, Montaigne both transforms philosophy and invents "society," a distinctly modern form of association. Through this transformation, a new, modern character emerges: the individual, who is neither master nor slave and who possesses the new virtues of integrity and generosity. In Montaigne’s radically new philosophical project, Hartle finds intimations of both modern epistemology and modern political philosophy.

Keywords

Philosophy

Muslims in Kenyan Politics

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ISBN: 9780810130029 9780810167872 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628770 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100721
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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Muslims in Kenyan Politics explores the changing relationship between Muslims and the state in Kenya from precolonial times to the present, culminating in the radicalization of a section of the Muslim population in recent decades. The politicization of Islam in Kenya is deeply connected with the sense of marginalization that shapes Muslims’ understanding of Kenyan politics and government policies.Kenya’s Muslim population comprises ethnic Arabs, Indians, and black Africans, and its status has varied historically. Under British rule, an imposed racial hierarchy affected Muslims particularly, thwarting the development of a united political voice. Drawing on a broad range of interviews and historical research, Ndzovu presents a nuanced picture of political associations during the postcolonial period and explores the role of Kenyan Muslims as political actors.

Keywords

History

The Novel Map

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ISBN: 9780810128668 9780810166387 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628772 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100719
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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Focusing on Stendhal, Gérard de Nerval, George Sand, Émile Zola, and Marcel Proust, The Novel Map: Mapping the Self in Nineteenth-Century French Fiction explores the ways that these writers represent and negotiate the relationship between the self and the world as a function of space in a novel turned map.With the rise of the novel and of autobiography, the literary and cultural contexts of nineteenth-century France reconfigured both the ways literature could represent subjects and the ways subjects related to space. In the first-person works of these authors, maps situate the narrator within the imaginary space of the novel. Yet the time inherent in the text’s narrative unsettles the spatial self drawn by the maps and so creates a novel self, one which is both new and literary. The novel self transcends the rigid confines of a map. In this significant study, Patrick M. Bray charts a new direction in critical theory.

Keywords

Literature

Perception in Aristotle’s Ethics

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Book Series: Rereading Ancient Philosophy ISBN: 9780810136434 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101381
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-08 11:02:39
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Rabinoff strives to account for ethical perception (aisthesis) in Aristotle’s ethics—to give it a place of importance in ethical choice and action—and to offer an account of the faculty of perception expansive enough to include reception of the ethical significance of particulars. The book is motivated by particular features of Aristotle’s thought and by increasing philosophical awareness that the ethical agent is an embodied, situated individual, rather than a disembodied, abstract rational will. Traditionally, the soul has been understood to have a non-rational part characterized by desire and perception and a rational part characterized by thinking, knowledge, and argument. Depending on how the relationship between the sides is conceived, the non-rational is either a bane to be controlled by the rational, or plays an irreducible role in moral action. By establishing and accounting for perception’s place in ethics, Rabinoff shows the importance for ethical life of integrating both.

Keywords

Philosophy

The Planetary Turn

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ISBN: 9780810130753 9780810130746 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101382
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-10 11:01:02
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A groundbreaking collection that pursues the rise of geoculture as an essential framework for arts criticism, The Planetary Turn shows how the planet—as territory, sociopolitical arena, space of interaction for life, and artistic theme—is increasingly the conceptual and political dimension in which artists picture themselves and their work. In an introduction that comprehensively defines the planetary model of art, culture, and cultural-aesthetic interpretation, the editors explain how the planet is emerging as distinct from older concepts of globalization, cosmopolitanism, and environmentalism and is becoming a new ground for work in literature, art, and social humanities. Written by internationally recognized scholars, the twelve essays illustrate the unfolding of a new vision of potential planetary community that retools earlier models based on the nation-state or political “blocs” and reimagines cultural, political, aesthetic, and ethical relationships for the post–Cold War era.

Keywords

Philosophy

Privately Empowered

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ISBN: 9780810133686  9780810133693 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_628780 Language: English
Publisher: Northwestern University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100708
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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Privately Empowered responds to the lack of adequate attention paid to Islam in Africa in comparison to the Middle East and the Arab world. Shirin Edwin points to the embrace between Islam and politics that has limited Islamic feminist discourse to regions where it evolves in tandem with the nation-state and is commonly understood in terms of activism, social affiliations, or struggles for legal reform. Edwin examines the novels of Zaynab Alkali, Abubakar Gimba, and Hauwa Ali due to their emphases on personal engagement, Islamic ritual in the quotidian, and observance of Qur’anic injunctions. Analysis of these texts connects the ways Muslim women in northern Nigeria balance their spiritual habits in ever changing configurations of their private domains. The spiritual universe of African Muslim women may be one where Islam is not the source of their problems or their political activity, but a spiritual activity devoid of political forms.

Keywords

Literature

Listing 11 - 20 of 25 << page
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