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Catástrofes Antrópicas: Uma aproximação integral

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Book Series: Riscos e Catástrofes ISBN: 9789892618661 Year: Pages: 518 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1867-8 Language: Technological risks, social risks, catastrophes, safety culture
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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Abstract

In the continuation of what has been produced in the series "Risks and Disasters", this volume assumes the thematic continuity, in a more systematic and holistic logic. It concerns, in particular, the theme of "Anthropic disasters. An integral approach", so it is a very unusual character. Let's say that the type of risks it deals with, the synthesis nature it presents and the organizational structure chosen, gives it a singular character in the contemporary world context. In the path of anthropic disasters, two major risk groups were considered, namely technological and social. The first relate to structural systems to support human activity, such as transport, civil construction, urban spaces (fires, waste) and water resources. The second is associated with social action, and it addresses issues ranging from conflict to Urbicicide.

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Portuguese

Catástrofes Mistas. Uma perspetiva ambiental

Authors: ---
Book Series: Riscos e Catástrofes ISBN: 9789892619026 Year: Pages: 363 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1901-9 Language: Risks, dangers, crises, catastrophes, territories, society
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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The mixed risks, of environmental component, are associated with a potentially hazardous phenomenon with combined causes, that is, for its manifestation compete natural conditions and anthropic actions. In this book, more than a dozen risks are analyzed, which are part of two main typologies: the mixed risks of atmospheric component, mainly associated with changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere, and the mixed risks of geodynamic component, which relate to forces and processes that act on the Earth (internal geodynamics, for example the risk of induced seismicity, and external geodynamics, with emphasis on the risks of erosion, desertification, salinisation, pollution and forest fires). In all risk typologies, here we analyzed, the contribution of the human being, through its actions and activities, constitutes a common element, extending, unambiguously, its causes and consequences. Therefore, all authors are unanimous about the need to implement integrated measures and actions to safeguard the main natural resources.

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Portuguese

Catástrofes Naturais. Uma abordagem global

Authors: ---
Book Series: Riscos e Catástrofes ISBN: 9789892619354 Year: Pages: 210 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1936-1 Language: Natural risks;catastrophes;climatic risks;hydrological risks;geomorphological risks;safety cult
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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Abstract

This publication, entitled “Natural Disasters. A Global Approach” brings together a set of texts devoted specifically to disasters that have as their origin phenomena of nature, full manifestation of the so-called natural hazards. Throughout each of these chapters, we have sought to clarify the conceptual and methodological aspects inherent in each of the risks under analysis, their systematization or typification, effects and consequences, particularly for the Human Being, and examples of their manifestation. Although with distinct characteristics and influenced by different factors, the extent of natural disasters is evident, affecting the generality of human societies and conditioning their activity in almost all parts of the earth´s surface. It is our hope that this work will fulfill its intended purpose and become a valuable working tool and a vehicle for disseminating information and raising awareness of natural disasters.

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Portuguese

Riscos e crises: da teoria

Authors: ---
Book Series: Riscos e Catástrofes ISBN: 9789892616964 Year: Pages: 523 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1697-1 Language: Risks, dangers, crises, catastrophes, territories, society
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:47
License: Coimbra University Press

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Abstract

This book aims to frame the study of the different types of risk involving the intervention of civil protection agents, at the same time that it seeks to specify the meaning, in the Portuguese language, of some of the main concepts associated with risk theory and contributing to the definition of the methodology about the study of physical and human hazards, designed with a holistic character and therefore different from the parcelary analyses made by the science which contributes to the methodology of their respective specialties, whether it is natural sciences, social sciences and humanities or economic sciences. In this way and unlike these more specific sciences, which have a more specialised view and, therefore, also more in the risk, the sciences about the study of physical and human hazards seek to concentrate on the overall risk study, through a holistic view that encompasses the different types of manifestations because they materialize. In fact, only the sciences about the study of physical and human hazards possess all the risks as a central and unique object of study, involving all types and, also, their different phases of manifestation, from prevention to the recovery of areas where they have manifested themselves, and also their stakeholders, from the characters to the infrastructures, contrary to what happens to other sciences that consider the risks more as manifestations, which are studied only in aspects that relate to their specialty. Moreover, this approach about the study of physical and human hazards seeks to be global and systemic, that is, it tries to take into account all the elements that explain different types of risk, from its origin: natural, anthropic or mixed, to the consequences caused by its manifestation, both in people, in their goods and possessions. Finally, we consider that education is the most appropriate way to solve the problems resulting from the manifestation of risks, so that the technical-scientific knowledge, materialized in several knowledge, is fundamental for a properly sustained education. For all these reasons, the publication of this book aims to contribute to the knowledge about the study of physical and human hazards and, through it, to a better education and a greater resilience of the population to the manifestations of risk and, therefore, contribute to the reduction of the risk.

Keywords

Portuguese

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