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Haalt de universiteit 2040? Een Europees perspectief op wereldwijde kansen en bedreigingen

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ISBN: 9789462984158 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620650 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:07
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Sinds de Middeleeuwen heeft de universiteit vele veranderingen succesvol doorstaan. Maar het hele landschap van het hoger onderwijs is de afgelopen decennia zo snel en ingrijpend in beweging gekomen – onder andere met de opkomst van online learning, MOOC’s en rankings – dat de uitgangspunten van de universiteit nu opnieuw doordacht moeten worden.

Als rector magnificus van de Universiteit Utrecht heeft Bert van der Zwaan met tal van collega’s in Azië, Europa en Noord-Amerika gesproken over de ontwikkelingen binnen de stelsels van hoger onderwijs in hun land. Op basis van die gesprekken exploreert hij de toekomst van het hoger onderwijs, met als kernvraag: haalt de universiteit 2040?

Over taalbewustzijn en taalvariatie

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Book Series: Lage Landen Studies ISBN: 9789401462440 Year: Pages: 220 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Academia Press Grant: Internationale Vereniging voor Neerlandistiek
Subject: Education --- Linguistics --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-15 11:21:03
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The study scrutinizes the effects of language awareness on teachers’ conceptualization of language variation. Teacher language awareness has been discussed mostly for the case of English and with regard to grammar, and is defined as being determined by knowledge and reflexion (Andrews 2008, Svalberg 2012). This study aims at examining the reach of the concept for other languages, here Dutch, and for other terrains, in this case, language variation, thus stretching the application also into the realm of language ideology. According to Kroskrity (2006, 2016), language ideologies are (1) not knowledge but ‘‘notions’, ‘beliefs’ or ‘ideas’, which (2) are about language, the role(s) of language and its nature, and which (3) are constructed by individuals and groups in interaction with each other to (4) rationalize and justify social relations.

In this linguistic-ethnographic study, a qualitative analysis of semi-structured interviews with teachers of Dutch at eight European universities shows that knowledge and reflection play a considerable role for how teachers conceptualize language variation in class. Overall, four different types of teacher language awareness came to the fore, based on different interplays of both knowledge and reflection: standard language ideology alive, strong focus on prescription, doubting and linguistic insecurity and dynamic equilibrium.

The overall results show the importance of teacher language awareness in language classes and help to boil down the vague notion of language awareness on language variation to two major defining factors, namely knowledge and reflection. Further, the study shows that language classrooms may be seen as ‘ideological sites’ (Silverstein (1979, 1998)), in which language ideology may be either reproduced or deconstructed, depending on the language awareness of the teacher.

The consequences of the study for language teacher education are a plea for an informed, reflected, differentiated and integrative treatment of language variation in language class.

Wereld van verschil

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ISBN: 9789048535187 9789462984516 Year: Pages: 120 Language: Dutch;
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-16 11:21:02
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Public debates tend to see social inequality as resulting from individual decisions people make, for instance with respect to their education or lifestyle. Solutions are often sought in supporting individuals to make better choices. This neglects the importance of social groups and communities in determining individual outcomes. A moral perspective on social inequality questions the fairness of insisting on individual responsibilities, when members of some groups systematically receive fewer opportunities than others. The essays in this book have been prepared by experts from different disciplines, ranging from philosophy to engineering, and from economics to epidemiology. On the basis of recent scientific insights, World of Difference examines how group memberships impact on individual outcomes in four key domains: health, education and work, migration, and the environment. This offers a new moral perspective on social inequality, which policy makers tend to neglect.

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