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Emerging Memory and Computing Devices in the Era of Intelligent Machines

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ISBN: 9783039285020 / 9783039285037 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-503-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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Abstract

Computing systems are undergoing a transformation from logic-centric towards memory-centric architectures, where overall performance and energy efficiency at the system level are determined by the density, performance, functionality and efficiency of the memory, rather than the logic sub-system.

Keywords

3D-stacked --- DRAM --- in-DRAM cache --- low-latency --- low-power --- resistive memory --- crossbar --- in-memory computing --- analogue computing --- matrix-vector multiplication --- ECG --- voltage-controlled magnetic anisotropy --- magnetoresistive random access memory --- magnetic tunnel junction --- bioelectronic devices --- bionanohybrid material --- biomemory --- biologic gate --- bioprocessor --- protein --- nucleic acid --- nanoparticles --- SONOS --- flash memory --- charge spreading --- plasma treatment --- Oxygen-related trap --- data retention --- BCH --- decoder --- iBM --- GPU --- hybrid --- flash memory --- Galois field --- CUDA --- in-memory computing --- logic-in-memory --- non-von Neumann architecture --- configurable logic-in-memory architecture --- memory wall --- convolutional neural networks --- emerging technologies --- perpendicular Nano Magnetic Logic (pNML) --- silicon oxide-based memristors --- resistance switching mechanism --- variability --- conductive filament --- Weibull distribution --- quantum point contact --- real-time system --- dynamic voltage scaling --- task placement --- low-power technique --- nonvolatile memory --- neuromorphic system --- Hebbian training --- guide training --- memristor --- image classification --- STT-MRAM --- flip-flop --- power gating --- low-power --- bipolar resistive switching characteristics --- annealing temperatures --- solution-based dielectric --- resistive random access memory (RRAM) --- multi-level cell --- phase change memory --- programmable ramp-down current pulses --- Fast Fourier Transform --- in-memory computing --- associative processor --- non-von neumann architecture --- in-memory computing --- memristor --- RISC-V --- Internet of things --- blockchain --- U-shape recessed channel --- floating gate --- neuromorphic computing --- MCU (microprogrammed control unit) --- chalcogenide --- electrochemical metallization cell --- electrochemical metallization (ECM) --- ion conduction --- memristor --- self-directed channel (SDC) --- memristor --- crossbar array --- wire resistance --- synaptic weight --- character recognition --- n/a

Hydrothermal Technology in Biomass Utilization & Conversion

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039286768 / 9783039286775 Year: Pages: 166 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-677-5 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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This book addresses a key innovative technology for decarbonization of the energy system: hydrothermal processing. It basically consists of treating biomass and wastes in a wet form, under pressure and temperature condition. This approach is becoming more and more attractive, as new feedstock and applications are appearing on the scene of bioeconomy and bioenergy. The hydrothermal processing of various type of biomass, waste, and residues, thus, raised the interest of many researchers and companies around the world, together with downstream upgrading processes and technologies: solid products as biochar, for instance, or liquid ones as crude bioliquids, are finding new market opportunities in circular economy schemes. The Special Issue collects recent innovative research works in the field, from basic to applied research, as well as pilot industrial applications/demo. It is a valuable set of references for those investing time and effort in research in the field.

Systems Analytics and Integration of Big Omics Data

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ISBN: 9783039287444 / 9783039287451 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-745-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-09 16:38:57
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A “genotype"" is essentially an organism's full hereditary information which is obtained from its parents. A ""phenotype"" is an organism's actual observed physical and behavioral properties. These may include traits such as morphology, size, height, eye color, metabolism, etc. One of the pressing challenges in computational and systems biology is genotype-to-phenotype prediction. This is challenging given the amount of data generated by modern Omics technologies. This “Big Data” is so large and complex that traditional data processing applications are not up to the task. Challenges arise in collection, analysis, mining, sharing, transfer, visualization, archiving, and integration of these data. In this Special Issue, there is a focus on the systems-level analysis of Omics data, recent developments in gene ontology annotation, and advances in biological pathways and network biology. The integration of Omics data with clinical and biomedical data using machine learning is explored. This Special Issue covers new methodologies in the context of gene–environment interactions, tissue-specific gene expression, and how external factors or host genetics impact the microbiome.

Keywords

tissue-specific expressed genes --- transcriptome --- tissue classification --- support vector machine --- feature selection --- bioinformatics pipelines --- algorithm development for network integration --- miRNA–gene expression networks --- multiomics integration --- network topology analysis --- candidate genes --- gene–environment interactions --- logic forest --- systemic lupus erythematosus --- Gene Ontology --- KEGG pathways --- enrichment analysis --- proteomic analysis --- plot visualization --- Alzheimer’s disease --- dementia --- cognitive impairment --- neurodegeneration --- Gene Ontology --- annotation --- biocuration --- amyloid-beta --- microtubule-associated protein tau --- artificial intelligence --- genotype --- phenotype --- deep phenotype --- data integration --- genomics --- phenomics --- precision medicine informatics --- epigenetics --- chromatin modification --- sequencing --- regulatory genomics --- disease variants --- machine learning --- multi-omics --- data integration --- curse of dimensionality --- heterogeneous data --- missing data --- class imbalance --- scalability --- genomics --- pharmacogenomics --- cell lines --- database --- drug sensitivity --- data integration --- omics data --- genomics --- RNA expression --- non-omics data --- clinical data --- epidemiological data --- challenges --- integrative analytics --- joint modeling --- multivariate analysis --- multivariate causal mediation --- distance correlation --- direct effect --- indirect effect --- causal inference --- n/a

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (3)


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CC by-nc-nd (3)


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eng (3)


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2020 (3)