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The Sacred & the Digital. Critical Depictions of Religions in Video Games

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ISBN: 9783038978305 9783038978312 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-831-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Video game studies are a relative young but flourishing academic discipline. But within game studies, however, the perspective of religion and spirituality is rather neglected, both by game scholars and religion scholars. While religion can take different shapes in digital games, ranging from material and referential to reflexive and ritual, it is not necessarily true that game developers depict their in-game religions in a positive, confirming way, but ever so often games approach the topic critically and disavowingly. The religion criticisms found in video games can be categorized as follows: religion as (1) fraud, aimed to manipulate the uneducated, as (2) blind obedience towards an invisible but ultimately non-existing deity/ies, as (3) violence against those who do not share the same set of religious rules, as (4) madness, a deranged alternative for logical reasoning, and as (5) suppression in the hands of the powerful elite to dominate and subdue the masses into submission and obedience. The critical depictions of religion in video games by their developers is the focus of this special issue.

Japanese Media Cultures in Japan and Abroad: Transnational Consumption of Manga, Anime, and Media-Mixes

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ISBN: 9783039210084 / 9783039210091 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-009-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:07
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In the last few decades, Japanese popular culture productions have been consolidated as one of the most influential and profitable global industries. As a creative industry, Japanese Media-Mixes generate multimillion-dollar revenues, being a product of international synergies and the natural appeal of the characters and stories. The transnationalization of investment capital, diversification of themes and (sub)genres, underlying threat in the proliferation of illegal audiences, development of internet streaming technologies, and other new transformations in media-mix-based production models make the study of these products even more relevant today. In this way, manga (Japanese comics), anime (Japanese animation), and video games are not necessarily products designed for the national market. More than ever, it is necessary to reconcile national and transnational positions for the study of this cultural production.The present volume includes contributions aligned to the analysis of Japanese popular culture flow from many perspectives (cultural studies, film, comic studies, sociology, etc.), although we have emphasized the relationships between manga, anime, and international audiences. The selected works include the following topics:• Studies on audiences—national and transnational case studies;• Fandom production and Otaku culture;• Cross-media and transmedia perspectives;• Theoretical perspectives on manga, anime, and media-mixes.

We Are Best Friends: Animals in Society

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ISBN: 9783039215362 / 9783039215379 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-537-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12
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Friendships between humans and non-human animals were once dismissed as sentimental anthropomorphism. After decades of research on the emotional and cognitive capacities of animals, we now recognize human–animal friendships as true reciprocal relationships. Friendships with animals have many of the same characteristics as friendships between humans. Both parties enjoy the shared presence that friendship entails along with the pleasures that come with knowing another being. Both friends develop ways of communicating apart from, or in addition to, spoken language. Having an animal as a best friend can take the form of relationship known as the “pet”, but it can also take other forms. People who work with animals often characterize their non-human partners as friends. People who work with search-and-rescue dogs, herding dogs, or police dogs develop and depend on the closeness of friendship. The same holds for equestrians, as horses and riders must understand each other’s bodies and movements intimately. In some situations, animals provide the sole source of affection and interaction in people’s lives. Homeless people who live on the streets with animal companions experience togetherness 24/7. This book explores the various forms these friendships take. It sheds light on what these friendships mean and how they expand the interdisciplinary knowledge of the roles of animals in society.

Sharing Cities Shaping Cities

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ISBN: 9783038979883 / 9783038979890 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-989-0 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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The sharing economy and collaborative consumption are attracting a great deal of interest due to their business, legal and civic implications. The consequences of the spreading of practices of sharing in urban environments and under daily dynamics are underexplored. This Special Issue aims to address if and how sharing shapes cities, the way that spaces are designed and lived in if social interactions are escalated, and the ways that habits and routines take place in post-individualistic society. In particular, the following key questions are of primary interest: Urban fabric: How is ‘sharing’ shaping cities? Does it represent a paradigm shift with tangible and physical reverberations on urban form? How are shared mobility, work, inhabiting reconfiguring the urban and social fabric? Social practices: Are new lifestyles and practices related to sharing changing the use and design of spaces? To what extent is sharing triggering a production and consumption paradigm shift to be reflected in urban arrangements and infrastructures? Sustainability: Does sharing increase the intensity of use of space and assets, or, rather, does it increase them to meet the expectations of convenience for urban lifestyles? To what extent are these phenomena fostering more economically-, socially-, and environmentally-sustainable practices and cities? Policy: How can policy makers and municipalities interact with these bottom-up and phenomena and grassroots innovation to create more sustainable cities? Scholars responded to the above questions from the fields of urban studies, urban planning and design, sociology, geography, theoretically-grounded and informed by the results of fieldwork activities.

Religiosity, Secularity and Pluralism in the Global East

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978084 / 9783038978091 Year: Pages: 158 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-809-1 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:07
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This special issue includes 11 articles from the Inaugural Conference of the East Asian Society for the Scientific Study of Religion. It offers theoretical and methodological reflections, and covers various religions in different East Asian societies and diasporic communities.

Livelihood and Landscape Change in Africa: Future Trajectories for Improved Well-Being under a Changing Climate

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783039214693 / 9783039214709 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-470-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Biology --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book is based on a Special Issue of the journal LAND that draws together a collection of 11 diverse articles at the nexus of climate change, landscapes, and livelihoods in rural Africa; all explore the links between livelihood and landscape change, including shifts in farming practices and natural resource use and management. The articles, which are all place-based case studies across nine African countries, cover three not necessarily mutually exclusive thematic areas, namely: smallholder farming livelihoods under new climate risk (five articles); long-term dynamics of livelihoods and landscape change and future trajectories (two articles); and natural resource management and governance under a changing climate, spanning forests, woodlands, and rangelands (four articles). The commonalities, key messages, and research gaps across the 11 articles are presented in a synthesis article. All the case studies pointed to the need for an integrated and in-depth understanding of the multiple drivers of landscape and livelihood change and how these interact with local histories, knowledge systems, cultures, complexities, and lived realities. Moreover, where there are interventions (such as new governance systems, REDD+ or climate smart agriculture), it is critical to interrogate what is required to ensure a fair and equitable distribution of emerging benefits.

Earth Observation, Remote Sensing and Geoscientific Ground Investigations for Archaeological and Heritage Research

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ISBN: 9783039211937 / 9783039211944 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-194-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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This book collects 15 papers written by renowned scholars from across the globe that showcase the forefront research in Earth observation (EO), remote sensing (RS), and geoscientific ground investigations to study archaeological records and cultural heritage.Archaeologists, anthropologists, geographers, remote sensing, and archaeometry experts share their methodologies relying on a wealth of techniques and data including, but not limited to: very high resolution satellite images from optical and radar space-borne sensors, air-borne surveys, geographic information systems (GIS), archaeological fieldwork, and historical maps.A couple of the contributions highlight the value of noninvasive and nondestructive laboratory analyses (e.g., neutron diffraction) to reconstruct ancient manufacturing technologies, and of geological ground investigations to corroborate hypotheses of historical events that shaped cultural landscapes.Case studies encompass famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites (e.g., the Nasca Lines in Peru), remote and yet-to-discover archaeological areas in tropical forests in central America, European countries, south Asian changing landscapes, and environments which are arid nowadays but were probably full of woody vegetation in the past.Finally, the reader can learn about the state-of-the-art of education initiatives to train site managers in the use of space technologies in support of their activities, and can understand the legal aspects involved in the application of EO and RS to address current challenges of African heritage preservation.

Keywords

analytic hierarchy process (AHP) --- archaeology --- predictive model --- tumuli --- remote sensing --- multi-criteria --- Saharan Morocco --- airborne laser scanning --- orthophotographs --- archaeological survey --- field reconnaissance --- Arran --- national archaeological mapping programme --- synthetic aperture radar --- subsurface imaging --- microwave penetration --- archaeology --- arid environments --- remote sensing --- Oman --- e-learning --- Earth observation --- education --- capacity development --- cultural and natural heritage --- UNESCO --- photogrammetry --- RPAS --- UAV --- Peru --- geoglyph Pista --- mapping --- drones --- remote sensing --- free satellite imagery --- GoogleEarth --- Bing Maps --- archaeological fieldwork --- arid environments --- basalt desert --- landscape accessibility --- Harra --- Jordan --- archaeological landscapes --- settlements --- historical maps --- Survey of India --- Archaeological Survey of India --- heritage --- colonial studies --- remote sensing --- historical landscapes --- landscape archaeology --- settlements --- colonial studies --- river morphology --- Indus --- floods --- remote sensing --- satellite --- Sentinel-2 --- surface survey --- Roman archaeology --- Sumerian pottery --- neutron techniques --- neutron diffraction --- chemometric analysis --- Mega El Niño --- pampa of Nazca --- Cuenca Pisco --- Rio Grande de Nazca --- grain-size --- volcaniclastic layer --- stratigraphy --- petrography --- Lidar --- GIS --- Mesoamerica --- Archaeology --- Caves --- Landscape --- Ritual --- Visualization --- Maya --- Belize --- Sacred --- automated detection --- OBIA --- LiDAR --- Difference Map --- field monument --- Burial Mound --- Motte-and-Bailey castle --- Ridge and Furrow --- space law --- disaster and conservation management --- Geographic Information System (GIS) --- international boundaries --- Africa --- Cameroon-Nigeria Mixed Commission --- satellite imagery --- Boundary Demarcation --- international law --- relict boundaries --- Earth Observation --- remote sensing --- optical --- SAR --- drone --- airborne LiDAR --- GIS --- OBIA --- neutron diffraction --- archaeological prospection --- pattern recognition --- archaeometry --- geological mapping

Religion, Welfare and Social Service Provision. Common Ground

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038977605 9783038977612 Year: Pages: 276 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-761-2 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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Religion, Welfare, and Social Service Provision: Common Ground delves deeply into the partnerships forged between religious communities, government agencies and nonprofits to deliver social services to the needy. These pages offer a considered examination of how local faith entities have served those in their midst, and how the provision of those services has been impacted by evolving social policies. This foundational volume brings together the work of more than two dozen leading researchers, each providing long overdue scholarly inquiry into religiously affiliated helping and the many possibilities that it holds for effective cooperation.

The Psychosocial Implications of Disney Movies

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ISBN: 9783038978480 / 9783038978497 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-849-7 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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In this volume of 15 articles, contributors from a wide range of disciplines present their analyses of Disney movies and Disney music, which are mainstays of popular culture. The power of the Disney brand has heightened the need for academics to question whether Disney’s films and music function as a tool of the Western elite that shapes the views of those less empowered. Given its global reach, how the Walt Disney Company handles the role of race, gender, and sexuality in social structural inequality merits serious reflection according to a number of the articles in the volume. On the other hand, other authors argue that Disney productions can help individuals cope with difficult situations or embrace progressive thinking. The different approaches to the assessment of Disney films as cultural artifacts also vary according to the theoretical perspectives guiding the interpretation of both overt and latent symbolic meaning in the movies. The authors of the 15 articles encourage readers to engage with the material, showcasing a variety of views about the good, the bad, and the best way forward.

Keywords

content analysis --- cultivation --- Disney --- family --- family structure --- family function --- Elsa --- Kristoff --- Olaf --- Marshmallow --- Let it Go --- enchantment --- applause --- engagement ring --- diamond --- gender --- snowmen --- wedding toast --- bullroarer --- fireworks --- witches --- magic --- standing ovation --- fertility --- parthenogenesis --- gender nonconformity --- non-binary --- storms --- family jewels --- snowflake --- feminism --- Moana --- Disney --- music --- colonialism --- imperialism --- appropriation --- Polynesia --- Disney --- EPCOT --- music --- appropriation --- world --- park --- entertainment --- sounds --- cultures --- Disney --- princess --- gender roles --- stereotyping --- children’s media --- death --- children --- Disney --- coping mechanisms --- Africana --- alternative royals --- intersectionality --- matrix of domination --- Disney --- gender --- motherhood --- media criticism --- family roles --- masculinity --- empowered mothering --- Pixar --- Disney --- postfeminism --- masculinity --- gender --- cultural studies --- Dumbo --- Lilo &amp --- Stitch --- Disney --- queer --- mean girls --- boobs and boyfriends --- girl cartoon --- gender --- pink elephants --- commodification --- Walter Benjamin --- diversity --- hegemony --- Disney --- coloniality --- adaptation --- Disney --- gender --- feminism --- political economy of film --- feminist film criticism --- feminist political economy of media --- gender stereotypes --- sexuality --- heroism --- hypermasculinity --- selflessness --- Hercules --- Zeus --- Megara --- Disney --- princess --- prince --- gender roles --- content coding analysis --- children’s media --- Disney --- girls --- beauty --- transnational media --- princess

Sacramental Theology: Theory and Practice from Multiple Perspectives: Theory and Practice from Multiple Perspectives

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ISBN: 9783039217182 / 9783039217199 Year: Pages: 154 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-719-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Throughout the second half of the twentieth century, sacramental theology has evolved as a discipline advancing comprehensive theories of sacraments and sacramentality as integral to the Christian faith while also studying the history and theology of the particular rites. Now, in the twenty-first century, the need for attention to the actual performance and specific social settings of sacramental worship has become well established. This makes the work of sacramental theology necessarily engaged with multiple, cross-disciplinary theories attentive to particular contexts, whether local, national, or global. Still, the divine human encounter at the heart of Christian symbol and ritual likewise beckons to philosophical–theological reflection. The essays in this volume begin with profound philosophical perspectives on the personal and communal sacramental experience, expanding from traditional cosmology to evolutionary and chaos theories of our planetary existence, continuing with shifts, especially among youth, to interreligious and non-institutional perspectives, consideration of change in popular notions of guilt, and social–ethical issues in relation to liturgical theology and practice, so as finally to return to fundamental theological reflection on human sacramentality and divine revelation.

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MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (20)


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CC by-nc-nd (20)


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eng (20)


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2019 (20)