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Religious minorities, integration and the State; État, minorités religieuses et intégration

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christian and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503564999 Year: Pages: 230 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:02:38
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Abstract

Judaism, Christianity and Islam have coexisted in Europe for over 1300 years. The three monotheistic faiths differ in demography, in the moment of their arrival on the continent and in the unequal relations they maintain with power: Christianity was chosen by a large number of inhabitants and became — in spite of important differences according to place and time —a religion of state. The organization of the continent into states and the divisions within Christianity often placed minorities in an unstable and at times painful situation. This partially explains the fight against "heresies", the wars of religions, the expulsion of Jews from several European kingdoms (as well as the expulsion of Muslims from Sicily and the Iberian peninsula), the "Jewish question" in the 19th century up until the Holocaust. Since the 20th century, the debates concerning Islam and concerning public expression of religion are shaped in part by this past. The 13 studies gathered in this volume explore the ways in which states have treated their religious minorities. We study various policies — repression, supervision, integration, tolerance, secularization, indifference — as well as the many ways in which minorities have accommodated the majority’s demands. The relation is by no means one-sided: on the contrary, state policies have created resistance, negotiation (on the legal, political, and cultural fronts) or compromise. Through these precise and original examples, we can see how the protagonists (states, religious institutions, the elite, the faithful) interact, try to convince or influence each other in order to transform practices, invent and implement common norms and grounds, all the while knowing the confessional dimension of "religious" majority and minority does not fully embrace the identity of each citizen in full.

Le blasphème

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Problèmes d'histoire des religions ISBN: 9782800415208 Year: Pages: 184 Language: French|English
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-15 11:21:15
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Abstract

Considered an attack on the very foundation of the social order and public morality, blasphemy has been and is still repressed as such. Recently, however, certain international events and identity claims have raised new questions about the forms, the nature and the lawfulness of speeches and images showing disrespect for religions, even in the satirical mode. By examining the contemporary manifestations of what is considered outrageous by religions, but also by considering the history and anthropology of the "unholy word" and its reception, the studies collected in this book provide a better understanding of how this category of religious and legal discourse has been constructed over time, with the aim of suppressing certain forms of protest against established religions and their symbols. For the repression of blasphemy shows the complexity of its social and judicial management, at the heart of the tension between freedom of conscience ("slanderer" and "defamation"), freedom of expression and censorship.
 

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