Search results: Found 29

Listing 1 - 10 of 29 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Jews in Early Christian Law: Byzantium and the Latin West, 6th-11th Centuries

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Jews in Early Christian Law: Byzantium and the Latin West, 6th-11th Centuries ISBN: 9782503550527 Year: Pages: 380 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-13 11:02:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What is the place of Jews in medieval Christian societies? in the ninetheenth and early twentieth centuries, this question was largely confined to Jewish scholars, and the academic debates where inseparable from the upheavels of the lives of contemporary European Jews.

Keywords

christian law --- jews --- law --- history

Devotional Cross-Roads - Practicing Love of God in Medieval Jerusalem, Gaul and Saxony

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783863953720 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2019-1164 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-25 11:21:02
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The collection of essays presented in “Devotional Cross-Roads: Practicing Love of God in Medieval Gaul, Jerusalem, and Saxony” investigates test case witnesses of Christian devotion and patronage from Late Antiquity to the Late Middle Ages, set in and between the Eastern and Western Mediterranean, as well as Gaul and the regions north of the Alps. Devotional practice and love of God refer to people – mostly from the lay and religious elite –, ideas, copies of texts, images, and material objects, such as relics and reliquaries. The wide geographic borders and time span are used here to illustrate a broad picture composed around questions of worship, identity, religious affiliation and gender. Among the diversity of cases, the studies presented in this volume exemplify recurring themes, which occupied the Christian believer, such as the veneration of the Cross, translation of architecture, pilgrimage and patronage, emergence of iconography and devotional patterns. These essays are representing the research results of the project “Practicing Love of God: Comparing Women’s and Men’s Practice in Medieval Saxony” guided by the art historian Galit Noga-Banai, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, and the historian Hedwig Röckelein, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. This project was running from 2013 to 2018 within the Niedersachsen-Israeli Program and financed by the State of Lower Saxony.

Peasants, Pilgrims, and Sacred Promises

Author:
Book Series: Studia Fennica Folkloristica ISBN: 9789517463669 9789517465786 9789522227669 Year: Pages: 229 DOI: 10.21435/sff.11 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Ethnology --- Religion --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-09-27 11:01:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Lying on the border between eastern and western Christendom, Orthodox Karelia preserved its unique religious culture into the 19th and 20th centuries, when it was described and recorded by Finnish and Karelian folklore collectors. This colorful array of ritulas and beliefs involving nature spirits, saints, the dead, and pilgrimage to monasteries represented a unigue fusion of official Church ritual and doctrine and pre-Christian ethnic folk belief. This book undertakes a fascinating exploration into many aspects of Orthodox Karelian ritual life: beliefs in supernatural forces, folk models of illness, body concepts, divination, holy icons, the role of the ritual specialist and healer, the divide between nature and culture, images of forest, the cult of the dead, and the popular image of monasteries and holy hermits. It will appeal to anyone interested in popular religion, the cognitive study of religion, ritual studies, medical anthropology, and the folk traditions and symbolism of the Balto-Finnic peoples.

Keywords

pilgrimage --- karelia --- forest --- pre-christian --- illness --- death

Is there a Judeo-Christian Tradition? A European Perspective

Authors: ---
Book Series: Perspectives on Jewish Texts and Contexts ISSN: 2199-6962 ISBN: 9783110416596 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 295 DOI: 10.1515/9783110416596 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The term ´Judeo-Christian` in reference to a tradition, heritage, ethic, civilization, faith etc. has been used in a wide variety of contexts with widely diverging meanings. Contrary to popular belief, the term was not coined in the United States in the middle of the 20th century but in 1831 in Germany by Ferdinand Christian Baur. By acknowledging and returning to this European perspective and context, the volume engages the historical, theological, philosophical and political dimensions of the term`s development. Scholars of European intellectual history will find this volume timely and relevant.

Isaac Orobio. The Jewish Argument with Dogma and Doubt

Author:
Book Series: Studies and Texts in Scepticism ISSN: 2568-9614 ISBN: 9783110576191 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 134 DOI: 10.1515/9783110576191 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this volume, six historians explore new approaches to Isaac Orobio de Castro (1617–1687), an Amsterdam physician who was the most widely-read among the early modern defenders of Judaism against Christian proselytizing. He was also the major author who rebutted Benedict Spinoza’s Freethought from inside his own Sephardic community. Reflecting on the developments in early modern studies that have appeared since the publication of Yosef Kaplan’s seminal monograph in 1982, the authors revisit Orobio’s intellectual personality with a focus on transcultural processes, clandestine book culture, philosophical rhetoric, and literary reception. Born in Portugal to Christian parents of Jewish ancestry, Orobio left behind a brilliant career as a court physician in Spain and France when he publicly embraced Judaism. With academic erudition, he translated Jewish religious positions into the eclectic philosophy of the day, using both rationalist and sceptic arguments. His work leaked out into the non-Jewish world and armed Enlightenment philosophers for their attacks on Christianity, showing the impact of Jewish criticism on the early modern quest for philosophical certainty and religious pluralism.

Conversations with Christian Metz. Selected Interviews on Film Theory (1970-1991)

Authors: ---
Book Series: Film Theory in Media History ISBN: 9789089648259 Year: Pages: 310 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:06
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

From 1968 to 1991 the acclaimed film theorist Christian Metz wrote several remarkable books on film theory: Essais sur la signifi cation au cinéma, tome1 et 2; Langage et cinéma; Le signifiant imaginaire; and L’Enonciation impersonnelle. These books set the agenda of academic film studies during its formative period. Metz’s ideas were taken up, digested, refined,reinterpreted, criticized and sometimes dismissed, but rarely ignored.&#xD;&#xD;

&#xD;&#xD;This volume collects and translates into English for the first time a series of interviews with Metz, who offers readable summaries,elaborations, and explanations of his sometimes complex and demanding theories of film. He speaks informally of the most fundamental concepts that constitute the heart of film theory as an academic discipline – concepts borrowed from linguistics, semiotics, rhetoric, narratology, and psychoanalysis.&#xD;&#xD;

&#xD;&#xD;Within the colloquial language of the interview, we witness Metz’s initial formation and development of his film theory. The interviewers act as curious readers who pose probing questions to Metz about his books, and seek clarification and elaboration of his key concepts. We also discover the contents of his unpublished manuscript on jokes, his relation to Roland Barthes, and the social networks operative in the French intellectual community during the 1970s and 1980s.

Corruption in South Africa's liberal democratic context

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780620725262 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2016.csaldc05 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:01:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book is meant for academics in the fields of theology and ecclesial management, for business leaders and governmental authorities in the private and public domain. This collected work by mainly practical theologians reflects on the phenomenon of corruption in the liberal democracy of post-apartheid South Africa. Liberal democracy has considerable salience in the contemporary world. Not only is it the form that many of the world’s most powerful and influential nations approve of, but it is a political system that is being tried – and used – by many formerly developing countries. South Africa is described as predominantly Christian. In such a context corruption is not to be expected. However, it is strongly prevalent. It undermines the values of both democracy and Christianity. Not only does corruption promote a general lack of trust in institutions and leadership, but it stimulates a perpetual culture of corruption that invades all spheres of life. The research is based on a qualitative empirical study. Its aim is to stimulate discourse in theology and related disciplines. Data were collected by means of interviews with political, business, church, and labour union managers and leaders in South Africa’s Gauteng area, who have experienced corruption. This area is the hub of economic, executive political and public office activities in South Africa. Respondents were specifically asked how their experience of corruption was informed by their norms, which in turn were influenced by their religious convictions and cultural conventions. The book suggests strategies for redressing the current ‘culture of corruption’. Although the chapters represent different perspectives, the shared objective is to emphasise that corruption is unethical, to describe and explain why it is taking place and how the situation should appear. The explanation focuses on the negative consequence of corruption: it does not respect human dignity – the ‘otherness’ of others; it exacerbates poverty; it weakens religious values and norms; it is not conducive to social cohesion in the country. The authors also share the theological premise that God is present in this world. In the kingdom of God, believers are encouraged to participate in the ‘clean-up’ process which includes combating the phenomenon of corruption. This book roots theological research and reflection in the real life of both believers and non-believers who consider a ‘clean’ world without corruption as an absolute necessity for a country characterised by the ideals of liberal democracy. The book will stimulate on-going transdisciplinary research focusing on unethical lifestyles, and it will also encourage church leaders to engage with managers in other spheres of society, such as politics and economics in order to counter the evil of corrupt practices. The research outcomes are relevant not only in the South African context, but also globally.

Aquinas on Virtue

Author:
Book Series: Moral Traditions series ISBN: 9781626164727 9781626164734 9781626164741 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Georgetown University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101708
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-25 11:01:55
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274), an Italian Dominican friar and Catholic priest, is one of the most influential theologians in the Christian tradition. Scholarship on Aquinas is flourishing, with studies of natural law theory, action theory, the morality of the passions, feminism, political theory, etc. Yet despite the contemporary renewal of virtue ethics, to date no full-length treatment of Aquinas' theory of virtue exists. Aquinas on Virtues offers a new and comprehensive interpretation of how Aquinas uses the four causes--formal, material, final, and efficient--to understand virtue in general, and how these causes underlie his treatment of specific virtues that make up the bulk of his ethics. In the final part of the book Austin applies the causal approach to four contested issues in contemporary virtue theory: practical wisdom; virtue and the passions; the teleology (or ultimate end) of virtue; and infused moral virtues, exploring the relation between grace and virtue.

Religious Minorities in Christian, Jewish and Muslim Law (5th - 15th centuries)

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Religion and Law in Medieval Christion and Muslim Societies ISBN: 9782503565712 9782503567099 Year: Pages: 454 DOI: 10.1484/M.RELMIN-EB.5.109274 Language: English|French
Publisher: Brepols Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 249416
Subject: Religion --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-07 11:01:52
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

The fruit of a sustained and close collaboration between historians, linguists and jurists working on the Christian, Muslim and Jewish societies of the Middle Ages, this book explores the theme of religious coexistence (and the problems it poses) from a resolutely comparative perspective. The authors concentrate on a key aspect of this coexistence: the legal status attributed to Jews and Muslims in Christendom and to dhimmīs in Islamic lands. What are the similarities and differences, from the point of view of the law, between the indigenous religious minority and the foreigner? What specific treatments and procedures in the courtroom were reserved for plaintiffs, defendants or witnesses belonging to religious minorities? What role did the law play in the segregation of religious groups? In limiting, combating, or on the contrary justifying violence against them? Through these questions, and through the innovative comparative method applied to them, this book offers a fresh new synthesis to these questions and a spur to new research.

Creating Standards. Interactions with Arabic script in 12 manuscript cultures

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studies in Manuscript Cultures ISSN: 2365-9696 ISBN: 9783110639063 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: 336,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110639063 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Manuscript cultures based on Arabic script feature various tendencies in standardisation of orthography, script types and layout. Unlike previous studies, this book steps outside disciplinary and regional boundaries and provides a typological cross-cultural comparison of standardisation processes in twelve Arabic-influenced writing traditions where different cultures, languages and scripts interact. A wide range of case studies give insights into the factors behind uniformity and variation in Judeo-Arabic in Hebrew script, South Palestinian Christian Arabic, New Persian, Aljamiado of the Spanish Moriscos, Ottoman Turkish, a single multilingual Ottoman manuscript, Sino-Arabic in northwest China, Malay Jawi in the Moluccas, Kanuri and Hausa in Nigeria, Kabyle in Algeria, and Ethiopian Fidäl script as used to transliterate Arabic. One of the findings of this volume is that different domains of manuscript cultures have distinct paths of standardisation, so that orthography tends to develop its own standardisation principles irrespective of norms applied to layout and script types. This book will appeal to readers interested in manuscript studies, sociolinguistics, literacy studies, and history of writing.

Listing 1 - 10 of 29 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by