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Photocalytic Coatings for Air-Purifying, Self-Cleaning and Antimicrobial Properties

ISBN: 9783038421382 9783038421375 Year: Pages: 212 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-10 11:58:41
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This Special Issue of Coatings is focused on the study of different photocatalyst-basedcoatings for developing self-cleaning, air-purifying and antibacterial properties. In this case, awide variety of photocatalysts (TiO2, Si-TiO2, TiO2−xNy, Ag-TiO2, Mo-TiO2, ZnO, SnO2-Ag,Nb2O5 and C60 fullerene) were evaluated towards the removal of different molecules.Similarly, substrates such as glass, silica, sapphire, polycarbonate, aluminium, stainless steel,concrete and mortar were included in this issue. This information certainly contributes to a betterunderstanding of the photocatalytic removal of different molecules (e.g., Escherichia coli,Staphylococcus aureus, resazuring, rhodamine B, methylene blue, Demeton-S, 2-chloroethylphenyl sulfide (CEPS) and NOx (NO and NO2)) and the coating technologies required forsuch performances. Based on these interesting results, I encourage you to read through thisSpecial Issue and use the valuable information provided therein to help us move forward inthe exciting area of photocatalytic coatings for developing air-purifying, self-cleaning, andantimicrobial properties.

Graphene-Polymer Composites

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ISBN: 9783038970415 9783038970422 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-042-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:10:39
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Presenting very high surface-to-volume ratio, relatively simple processability and low cost, graphene and graphene-related materials were soon identified as promising nanofillers for polymer matrixes. Reports have shown notorious property enhancements for graphene-polymer composites (GPC) at very low filler loadings. Uses of GPC in varied fields, such as energy, electronics, catalysis, separation and purification, biomedicine, aerospace, tribology, etc., have been demonstrated and, in some cases, put into industrial practice. However, challenges still exist. Platelet agglomeration within the polymer matrix is often seen to hinder performance improvements. Poor interfacial adhesion between filler and matrix is also a limiting factor in many systems, demanding for tuning the surface chemistry to promote physical or chemical interactions with the polymer chains. The range of routes for fabrication of graphene-related materials, leading to different morphologies, oxidation states, and degrees of platelet exfoliation, have an impact on the final properties of the composites that has not yet been fully addressed. Some argue that the potential of graphene, and its advantages in relation to other nanofillers, has not yet been clearly demonstrated for polymer composites. This Special Issue provides a state of the art view on the different facets of graphene-polymer composite materials, showing that this area of research is thriving and relevant advancements are still to be expected.

Near Infrared Laser Sensor System for In-Line Detection of Conversion in UV-Cured Polymer Coatings

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ISBN: 9783866448391 Year: Pages: VII, 129 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000027435 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The work describes a method for the determination of the conversion by radical photopolymerization of acrylic coatings that is suitable for an in situ monitoring during the coating process.The applied method is based on the 1620 nm overtone absorption of the acrylate end group. The capability of the sensor to discriminate between polymerized and unpolymerized coatings on metal substrates down to a coating thickness of less than 16µm is demonstrated and and proved by reference measurements.

Metallic Glasses

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ISBN: 9783038425076 9783038425069 Year: Pages: 194 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-04 14:58:25
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Due to their amorphous character and the concomitant lack of dislocations, metallic glasses exhibit physical and chemical properties that are quite different from those of other solid materials. For example, they can be twice as strong as steels, exhibit superior soft magnetic behavior and outstanding corrosion resistance and, sometimes, interesting catalytic properties, thus having potential for a widespread range of technological applications. The aim of this book is to address, from both experimental and theoretical points of view, some of the challenges to improve the glass forming ability of these materials, to optimize their overall mechanical performance, and to enhance their functional properties. Through the contributions from different renowned authors in the field, new prospects towards the development of innovative compositions and novel applications, particularly in devices with micrometer and submicrometer sizes, are provided, where the full potential of these glassy materials is being achieved.

Manufacturing and Surface Engineering

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ISBN: 9783038429791 9783038429807 Year: Pages: VI, 134 Language: english
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-09 15:59:11
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The desired properties of surface components include the improvement of different properties, such as aesthetic appearance, oxidation resistance, wear resistance, mechanical properties, electronic or electrical properties, thermal insulation, wear, triboemission and corrosion resistance through barriers.These properties can be enhanced using different methods, such as by adding a coating. Nevertheless, the bulk of the material or substrate cannot be considered independent of the surface treatment. Metal cutting is one of the general machining methods used to achieve high accuracy and productivity for metal parts.The topics of the book “Manufacturing and Surface Engineering” include the full range of surface engineering aspects, i.e., surface integrity, contact mechanics, friction and wear, coatings and surface treatments, multiscale tribology, computational methods, and optimization techniques applied in surface engineering.Recent experimental works by Zhang, Li, Zhang, Zhang and Duan, and by other researchers outlined that coating layer surface treatments may increase the damping behavior of thin-walled mechanical components vibrating in flexural conditions. Nevertheless, it was also experimentally found by the authors that most of these coating surface treatments had a negligible or null effect with respect to the vibrational damped response in testing or operating conditions. Ciniero, Le Rouzic and Reddyhoff report the potential of measuring charged particle emissions and/or tribocharging for the study or monitoring of the failure of coatings. The spatial information of triboemission allows the identification of the exact time and location of the failure. The evolution of the failure during sliding and the change in the characteristics of the contact are also monitored. After studying the effect of the Ti content on the performance of FeCoCrNiAlTix, He, Zhang, Lin, Zhang, Dong and Li establish that the structure of FeCoCrNiAlTix coatings consists of two kinds of BCC phases. With the continuous increase in Ti content, the number of eutectic structures decreases, accompanying the increase in the proeutectic phase and the Ti-rich second phase is precipitated out. Abutaha, Abdul Razak, and Ibrahim developed an experimental investigation into the engineering properties of concrete incorporating POC as an aggregate and filler material. This approach offers an environmentally-friendly solution to the ongoing waste problems associated with palm oil waste material.Liu and Janssen studied the effects of impact on the wear of the structural steel S235 in various liquids. When the impact is small, corrosion plays a dominant role, thus the sample in seawater wears the least due to the beneficial interaction with abrasion. However, when the impact is large, the wear rates of three liquids do not show a noticeable difference, because the wear mechanism changes from material removal to mainly plastic deformation. The influence of corrosion becomes a minor influencing factor when subject to impact.Vázquez Martínez, Salguero Gómez, Batista Ponce and Botana Pedemonte analyzed the different treatments obtained through setup parameter combinations to obtain samples with widely varying features, according to the thickness of the treated layer and the incidence depth of the laser beam. This diversity of samples shows a range of color tonalities from soft gold to medium gray and blue. Microstructural changes and oxidation layer generation provide a significant increase in the material hardness, reaching Vickers hardness values close to 1000 HV for high intensity treatments.Takada and Sasahara studied the FSB process using four levels of tip radius burnishing tools and investigated their effect on surface roughness, hardness and residual stress for a 0.45% C steel shaft. The thickness of the hardened layer increased as the tool tip radius decreased. The hardness value of the processed layer reached 600 HV. The residual stress on the processed surface was compressive when a radius tool with a smaller tip was used, and the residual stress turned tensile when a radius tool with a larger tip was used.Vereschaka, Kataeva, Sitnikov, Aksenenko, Oganyan and Sotova searched for patterns that allow a reliable justification for the choice of the composition of coatings and their micro- and nanostructures depending on the material being machined and the cutting regimes (in particular, the cutting speed).Amadori, Catania and Casagrande investigated experimentally eight different innovative composite solutions. A significant increase in the damping behavior was observed for all of these solutions with respect to the uncoated components, and with respect to the already known solutions that have previously been investigated by these authors and other researchers. The coating solution employing an Al2O3 powder + matrix, made using a screen-printing and curing technology on an Al alloy substrate, proved to be the most effective technology with respect to the aim of this work. Catania and Strozzi investigated the performance of different solutions in a free and forced flexural vibration response; they propose a simple model based on the assumption of a multi-layer, zig-zag beam, which also locally models the dissipative actions at the interface between the layers. Some virtual prototyping application examples are also reported.

Photovoltaic Materials and Electronic Devices

ISBN: 9783038422167 9783038422174 Year: Pages: XIV, 198 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-15 09:10:33
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Given the state-of-the-art in solar photovoltaic (PV) technology and favorable financing terms, it is clear that PV has already obtained grid parity in specific locations [1]. Advances in the next generation of photovoltaic materials and photovoltaic devices can further reduce costs to enable all of humanity to utilize sustainable and renewable solar power [2]. This Special Issue of Materials will cover such materials, including modeling, synthesis, and evaluation of new materials and their solar cells.Specifically, this Special Issue will focus on five material technologies for advanced solar cells:1. New Concepts in PV Materials: Nanostructured materials, low-dimensional physics, multiple charge generation, up/down converters, thermophotovoltaics, low-cost III-V materials, bandgap engineering, hot-carrier effects, plasmonics, metamorphic materials, perovskite and related novel PV materials, novel light trapping, rectennas, quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, and graphene composites.2. Organic PV Materials: Polymer, hybrid and dye sensitized solar cells, high performance contacts, and lifetime degradation and mechanisms.3. Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells (DSSCs) Materials: Recent developments in dyes, working electrodes, technologies for device fabrications, and advances in new electrolytes.4. Amorphous, Nanostructured, and Thin Film Silicon PV Materials: Microstructure characterization, light induced degradation (SWE), large area and high deposition rates, novel processing routes, light trapping, multi-layers, and multi-junction devices.5. Passive Materials for all PV: Transparent conductive oxides (TCOs), encapsulation, connections, optics, glass, anti-reflection coatings (ARCs), alternative buffer layer materials, and contacts.

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