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Chapter 5: 'Target Suitability and the Crime Drop' from book: The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781137391322 Year: Pages: 17 DOI: 10.1057/9781137391322_5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 17:12:36
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This chapter is open access under a CC BY license. It is from The Criminal Act: The Role and Influence of Routine Activity Theory, edited by Martin A. Andresen and Graham Farrell. The full volume provides a unique collection of essays in honour of the work of Marcus Felson and his notable contribution to routine activity theory, environmental criminology and the discipline more broadly.

Punishment and Political Order

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ISBN: 9780472099825 9780472901135 9780472901135 Year: DOI: 10.3998/mpub.133501 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102013
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 08:17:52
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Most of us think of punishment as an ugly display of power. But punishment also tells us something about the ideals and aspirations of a people and their government. How a state punishes reveals whether or not it is confident in its own legitimacy and sovereignty. Punishment and Political Order examines the questions raised by the state’s exercise of punitive power—from what it is about human psychology that desires sanction and order to how the state can administer pain while calling for justice. Keally McBride's book demonstrates punishment's place at the core of political administration and the stated ideals of the polity.

Power and Prosecution - Challenges and opportunities for international criminal justice in Sub-Saharan Africa

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Book Series: Göttingen Studies in Criminal Law and Justice ISBN: 9783863950781 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.17875/gup2012-147 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-23 14:00:42
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This book contains some of the papers that were presented at the first meeting of the newly formed African Expert Study Group on International Criminal Law / Groupe des Experts Africaines en Droit Pénal International held in September 2011 in Brussels, Belgium. The group was established under the auspices of the Multinational Development Policy Dialogue (hereinafter ‘MDPD’) and the Rule of Law programme of the German Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung (‘KAS’) in 2010 modeled on the successful sister group in Latin America. This latter group was originally founded as an expert group to monitor the implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (‘ICC’) in Latin America within the framework of cooperation between KAS’ regional Rule of Law Programme and the Department for Foreign and International Law of the Institute for Criminal Law and Criminal Justice of the Georg-August-Universität Göttingen in 2002. The newly formed African group consists of judicial experts with both academic and practical background from various parts of Sub-Saharan Africa. The importance of such a group for the African continent cannot be overestimated. Africa plays a vital role in international criminal law and justice, both as an active player at the ICC and at the regional and national level. As for the group’s composition and outreach, the aim is to broaden regional representation and further consolidate membership. In 2012, the group will meet in Nairobi, Kenya to deal with topics surrounding the ‘Potential for the domestic prosecution of international crimes in Africa.’ Topics for future meetings abound given the multi-faceted African legal and political practice regarding international criminal justice in general and the ICC in particular. The group should in particular monitor the recent international or transnational criminal justice developments at the regional African level as well as relevant national developments. (Excerpt from the introduction by Kai Ambos)

National Reconviction Statistics and Studies in Europe = Nationale Rückfallstatistiken und -untersuchungen in Europa

Authors: ---
Book Series: Göttinger Studien zu den Kriminalwissenschaften ISBN: 9783863951870 Year: Pages: 249 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-791 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2015-03-10 11:01:10
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Recidivism belongs to the main categories of criminology, crime policy and criminal justice. If the target of preventing offenders from reoffending is taken seriously crime policy should be measured by success of certain penal sanctions in terms of relapses. Also institutions that deal directly with crime and offenders need to get basic information on the consequences of their actions; particularly general knowledge about offender groups at risk of reoffending. All these are reasons why representative recidivism studies are needed. Meanwhile a lot of European countries gather systematic and comprehensive information on recidivism, periodically and on a national level. This volume presents an exemplary collection of such endeavors: Austria, Estonia, France, Germany, Switzerland and a comparative study of England and Wales, the Netherlands and Scotland.

Ethnicity, Race and Inequality in the UK

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9781447351269 9781447351252 9781447336327 Year: Pages: 316 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-28 11:21:05
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. 50 years after the establishment of the Runnymede Trust and the Race Relations Act of 1968 which sought to end discrimination in public life, this accessible book provides commentary by some of the UK’s foremost scholars of race and ethnicity on data relating to a wide range of sectors of society, including employment, health, education, criminal justice, housing and representation in the arts and media.&#xD;

Dealing with Uncertainties in Policing Serious Crime

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ISBN: 9781921666377 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458937 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Grappling with uncertainties is at the heart of investigating serious crime. At a time when such crime is becoming more complex and resources are increasingly stretched, this book draws together research and practice perspectives to review fruitful approaches to uncertainties and to chart the way forward. Scene setting chapters describe the consequences of globalisation and the spread of sophisticated information technologies (Sue Wilkinson), as well as advances in understanding and managing uncertainty (Michael Smithson). Ways of enhancing responses from statistics (Robyn Attewell), risk analysis (Richard Jarrett and Mark Westcott) and the psychology of decision making (Mark Kebbell, Damon Muller and Kirsty Martin) follow. These are complemented by insights from law (the Hon. Tim Carmody SC), politics (the Hon. Carmen Lawrence) and business (Neil Fargher), which all have significant intersections with policing. Synthesis is provided by the four final chapters which present the outlooks of the investigating officer and investigation manager (Peter Martin), the provider of policing higher education (Tracey Green and Greg Linsdell), the capacity-building consultant (Steve Longford), and the leader of a law enforcement agency (Alastair Milroy).

Business and the Risk of Crime in China

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ISBN: 9781921862540 Year: Pages: 298 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458836 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:25
License: ANU Press

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The book analyses the results of a large scale victimisation survey that was conducted in 2005-06 with businesses in Hong Kong, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Xi’an. It also provides comprehensive background materials on crime and the criminal justice system in China. The survey, which measured common and non-conventional crime such as fraud, IP theft and corruption, is important because few crime victim surveys have been conducted with Chinese populations and it provides an understanding of some dimensions of crime in non-western societies. In addition, China is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and it attracts a great amount of foreign investment; however, corruption and economic crimes are perceived by some investors as significant obstacles to good business practices. Key policy implications of the survey are discussed.

The Role of Community-Mindedness in the Self-Regulation of Drug Cultures

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ISBN: 9789400738607 Year: Pages: 379 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-3861-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-21 00:00:00
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This book analyzes heroin users and the drug subculture on the Shetland Islands, an area known for its geographical remoteness, rural character and relative wealth. It fills the scientific gap created by the conventional research in heroin research, which is usually conducted in urban areas and relies on treatment and prison populations. Based on qualitative, in-depth interviews with twenty-four heroin users, this book depicts and analyzes the nature and historical development of the local heroin scene. It illustrates the features and internal structures of the subculture, and it examines the manner in which both are influenced by the location-specific geographical, cultural and socio-economic conditions. It thus reveals complex causal associations that are hard to recognize in urban environments. Complete with a list of references used and recommendations for future research, this book is a vital tool for progressive and pragmatic approaches to policy, intervention and research in the field of illicit drug use.

Colonial Systems of Control

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Book Series: Alternative Perspectives in Criminology ISBN: 9780776606668 9780776617497 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627412 Language: English
Publisher: Les Presses de l’Université d’Ottawa | University of Ottawa Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100671
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:53
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A pioneering book on prisons in West Africa, Colonial Systems of Control: Criminal Justice in Nigeria is the first comprehensive presentation of life inside a West African prison. Chapters by prisoners inside Kirikiri maximum security prison in Lagos, Nigeria are published alongside chapters by scholars and activists. While prisoners document the daily realities and struggles of life inside a Nigerian prison, scholar and human rights activist Viviane Saleh-Hanna provides historical, political, and academic contexts and analyses of the penal system in Nigeria. The European penal models and institutions imported to Nigeria during colonialism are exposed as intrinsically incoherent with the community-based conflict-resolution principles of most African social structures and justice models. This book presents the realities of imprisonment in Nigeria while contextualizing the colonial legacies that have resulted in the inhumane brutalities that are endured on a daily basis.

Outsourcing Legal Aid in the Nordic Welfare States

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ISBN: 9783319466835 9783319466842 Year: Pages: 341 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-46684-2 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universitetet i Oslo
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 18:33:54
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This edited collection provides a comprehensive analysis of the differences and similarities between civil legal aid schemes in the Nordic countries whilst outlining recent legal aid transformations in their respective welfare states. Based on in-depth studies of Norway, Sweden, Finland, Denmark, and Iceland, the authors compare these cases with legal aid in Europe and the US to examine whether a single, unique Nordic model exists. Contextualizing Nordic legal aid in relation to welfare ideology and human rights, Hammerslev and Halvorsen Rønning consider whether flaws in the welfare state exist, and how legal aid affects disadvantaged citizens.Concluding that the five countries all have very different legal aid schemes, the authors explore an important general trend: welfare states increasingly outsourcing legal aid to the market and the third sector through both membership organizations and smaller voluntary organizations. A methodical and compassionate text, this book will be of special interest to scholars and students of the criminal justice, the welfare state, and the legal aid system.

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