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Events in social networks : a stochastic actor-oriented framework for dynamic event processes in social networks

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ISBN: 9783866447929 Year: Pages: V, 140 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025407 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Interactions between people are ubiquitous. When people make phone calls, transfer money, connect on social network sites, or visit each other, these actions can be collected as dyadic, directed, relational events. Each of those events can be understood as driven by multiple individual decisions that at least partially involve rational considerations. This book aims at developing models that allow to understand individual event decisions in the context of large social networks.

South African Economy

Authors: ---
Book Series: Routledge Studies in Development Economics ISBN: 9780203982051 9780415142601 9781134765423 9781134765416 9781134765379 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203982051 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:12
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What are the macroeconomic prospects for South Africa until the new millennium? Two methods of macroeconomic modelling, associated with the World Bank and IMF, are used here to generate three scenarios, based on moderately optimistic projections. The methodology used can be applied to other developing countries.

Keywords

base --- run --- financial --- programming --- framework --- international --- reserves --- revised --- minimum --- standard

Framework for the Integration of Mobile Device Features in PLM

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Book Series: Reihe Informationsmanagement im Engineering Karlsruhe / Hrsg.: Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Informationsmanagement im Ingenieurwesen (IMI) ISSN: 18605990 ISBN: 9783731504986 Year: Volume: 2016,2 Pages: XXVII, 403 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000053093 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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Currently, companies have covered their business processes with stationary workstations while mobile business applications have limited relevance. Companies can cover their overall business processes more time-efficiently and cost-effectively when they integrate mobile users in workflows using mobile device features. The objective is a framework that can be used to model and control business applications for PLM processes using mobile device features to allow a totally new user experience.

The implementation of modern African Constitutions: Challenges and prospects

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ISBN: 9781920538651 Year: Pages: 335 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:51:21
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In “The implementation of modern African Constitutions: challenges and prospects”, the authors try to identify obstacles to constitutional implementation in Africa and, on the basis of good practice, assess how this could be overcome. A single volume like this cannot unravel the complexity of the causes and effects of, and solutions to, the problem of non-implementation of constitutions in Africa: the subject is far too intricate. Nevertheless, this study, represents a first attempt to draw attention to the issue, and hopes to open a serious debate about it and pave the way for making this issue an integral consideration in constitution-building in the future. The variety of perspectives provided in analysing the challenges to constitution-implementation in this volume should make it to appeal to academics, practitioners, policy makers and postgraduate research students interested in the intricacies of comparative African constitutional law.

The climate change regulatory framework and indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa: Human rights implications

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ISBN: 9781920538521 Year: Pages: 341 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:56:53
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Employing a human rights approach, this book analyses the adequacy of climate change regulatory frameworks at international, regional and national levels to protect indigenous peoples’ lands in Africa. It demonstrates that without appropriate legal protection, climate change and the implementation of its response measures can adversely affect a range of their human rights. The book explores how the African human rights system may effectively address the protection of indigenous peoples' lands in the context of adverse effects of climate change in Africa.Table of ContentsForewordAcknowledgmentsDedicationList of abbreviationsTable of casesList of instruments1. IntroductionBackground1.1 Intersecting terms? Indigenous peoples, forest-dependent peoples and local populations1.2 Overlapping issues? Climate change, environment, forests and indigenous peoples’ lands1.3 Intersecting governance: Defining a climate change regulatory frameworkMethodology2.1 A human rights framework as a tool of analysis2.2 A human rights framework as a prescriptive tool2.3 Case studies for analysisLimitationsSynopsis2. Human rights and climate change: Conceptual frameworkIntroductionClimate change: An environmental or human rights concern?2.1 Climate change as an environmental concern2.2. Climate change as a human rights concernHuman rights as a conceptual framework: Which approach and what features?3.1 Human rights and schools of thought3.2 Core human rights principlesConclusion3. The notion of indigenous peoples’ land rights and adverse effects of climate change in AfricaIntroductionThe nature of indigenous peoples’ land rights2.1 Land use as an emblem of cultural and environmental integrity2.2 Indigenous peoples’ land tenure: Essential features2.3 Concept of parallel useCause and effect of climate change as threat to land-tenure and use3.1 Cause of climate change as a threat3.2 Climate change as a threat3.3 Effects of climate response as a threatConclusion4. The international climate change regulatory framework in relation to indigenous peoples’ landsIntroductionRegulatory frameworks on the responses to climate change2.1 The international adaptation regulatory framework2.2 The international regulatory framework and mitigationSubordinating notions in the international climate regulatory framework3.1 Notion of ‘sovereignty’3.2 Notion of ‘country-driven’3.3 Deference to ‘national legislation’Conclusion5. National climate change regulatory frameworks in relation to indigenous peoples’ lands: Case studies of Tanzania, Zambia and NigeriaIntroductionSignificance of a domestic regulatory frameworkDomestic climate change regulatory response of adaptation3.1 Implications of inadequate reflection of land tenure and use in adaptation processNational climate change regulatory response of REDD+ as a mitigation measure4.1 REDD+ readiness in selected states of Africa in relation to indigenous peoples’ landsConclusion6. The inadequacy of the national climate change regulatory framework in relation to indigenous peoples’ lands: A human rights framework as a regional responseIntroductionLegal basis for the application of a regionalhuman rights frameworkAssessing national regulatory frameworks in the context of a regional human rights framework3.1 Incompatibility of national climate regulatory framework with obligations of states3.2 Threat to a range of rightsThe regional climate change regulatory framework and potential for human rights4.1 Committee of African Heads of State and Government on Climate Change4.2 African Ministerial Conference on the Environment4.3 Climate for Development in Africa (ClimDev-Africa) Programme4.4 African Union Commission4.5 New Partnership for African Development4.6 Pan-African Parliament4.7 Peace and Security CouncilPotentials in regional human rights mechanisms with focus on the Commission5.1 Promotional functions5.2 Protective mandate5.3 Interpretive functions5.4 Assembly-entrusted tasksConclusion7. Conclusion and the way forwardConclusionThe way forward2.1 International level2.2 National level2.3 Regional levelBibliographyIndex

Interest-Rate Rules in a New Keynesian Framework with Investment

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Book Series: Schriften zur Wirtschaftstheorie und Wirtschaftspolitik ISBN: 9783631611289 Year: Pages: 162 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:00
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The last decades have witnessed major progress in both monetary policy theory and practice, with broad academic consensus on the desirability of monetary policy rules and ongoing research on their exact specification. Typically, the analysis is carried out in a New Keynesian framework with nominal rigidities and constant capital stock. The latter represents a constraint that this study seeks to overcome by introducing a model with investment and capital adjustment costs. The work assesses different interest-rate rule specifications with respect to the target variables included, based on two criteria: determinacy of rational-expectations equilibrium and convergence to steady state after a shock. The study concludes that rules with both an inflation and an output gap target ensure a unique rational-expectations equilibrium and a less distressful adjustment of the economy after the occurrence of shocks.

Neurofeedback in ADHD

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197224 Year: Pages: 170 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-722-4 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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EEG-based neurofeedback is used as a treatment approach in attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), a clinically and pathophysiologically heterogeneous child psychiatric disorder. There is increasing evidence for specific effects of neurofeedback when applying 'standard' protocols (slow cortical potentials, theta/beta, sensorimotor rhythm). Knowledge about underlying mechanisms and moderating variables is increasing. Nevertheless, further well-controlled and conducted trials are needed to answer open questions concerning optimisation and individualisation of neurofeedback. Further improvements may develop with new methods and technical developments (e.g., tomographic neurofeedback) and new concepts (integrated ADHD treatment). This Frontiers Research Topic comprising 14 articles intends to answer the following questions concerning neurofeedback in ADHD:• How efficacious is neurofeedback?• What is the rationale of applying a certain neurofeedback protocol in ADHD?• What are central mechanisms and which moderating variables may affect training and treatment outcome?• How to optimise treatment? What are new developments and which benefits may be expected?Aspects of learning theory are also stressed dissociating 'neurofeedback as a treatment' and 'neurofeedback as entertainment'. In the Editorial, this crucial aspect is compared to the way you read (and study) a scientific book versus reading a thriller for leisure. In this respect: Enjoy this Research Topic, study and apply it in practice, unless you read it for entertainment purposes!

Governing Integrated Water Resources Management: Mutual Learning and Policy Transfer

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039281565 9783039281572 Year: Pages: 284 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-157-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) has become a global paradigm for the governance of surface, coastal and groundwaters. This Special Issue contains twelve articles related to the transfer of IWRM policy principles. The articles explore three dimensions of transfer—causes, processes, outcomes—and offer a theoretically inspiring, methodologically rich and geographically diverse engagement with IWRM policy transfer around the globe. As such, they can also productively inform a future research agenda on the ‘dimensional’ aspects of IWRM governance. Regarding the causes, the contributions apply, criticise, extend or revise existing approaches to policy transfer in a water governance context, asking why countries adopt IWRM principles and what mechanisms are in place to understand the adoption of these principles in regional or national contexts. When it comes to processes, articles in this Special Issue unpack the process of policy transfer and implementation and explore how IWRM principles travel across borders, levels and scales. Finally, this set of papers looks into the outcomes of IWRM policy transfer and asks what impact IWRM principles, once implemented, gave on domestic water governance, water quality and water supply, and how effective IWRM is at addressing critical water issues in specific countries.

Keywords

dam --- local communities --- lived experiences --- environmental narratives --- Cambodia --- transitions --- water management regimes --- water resource management --- niches --- visions --- agency --- ocean governance --- fisheries management --- ecosystem-based management --- overfishing --- sustainable fishing --- European Union --- Turkey --- Europeanisation --- institutions --- policy transfer --- Water Framework Directive --- drinking water --- agriculture --- EU policy --- governance --- integrated scientific support --- water quality --- nitrates --- pesticides --- environmental policy --- policy coherence --- environmental governance --- integrated catchment management --- catchment --- conservation authorities --- governance --- governmentality --- integrated water resources management (IWRM) --- watershed councils --- Ontario --- Oregon --- Integrated Water Resources Management --- Integrated Urban Water Management --- urban water security --- governance --- Singapore --- Hong Kong --- process tracing --- Water Framework Directive --- policy implementation --- integrated water resources management --- river basin planning --- public participation --- water governance --- scale --- top-down and bottom-up --- estuaries --- governance --- sustainability --- governance models --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- Water Framework Directive --- WFD --- participation --- United Kingdom --- England --- water governance --- IWRM --- integrated water resources management --- drivers --- EU water framework directive --- implementation --- coordination --- participation --- Germany --- water governance --- polycentricity --- integrated water resources management --- IWRM --- policy transfer --- water governance --- Water Framework Directive --- learning

Metal Organic Frameworks: Synthesis and Application

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039284863 9783039284870 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-487-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Inorganic Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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Metal–organic frameworks are among the most promising novel materials. The concept of MOFs was first introduced in 1990. They were actually initially used in catalysis, gas separation, membranes, electrochemical sensors. Later on, they were introduced as SPE sorbents for PAHs (Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons) in environmental water samples, then the range expanded to the field of analytical chemistry, both in chromatographic separation and sample preparation, with great success in, e.g., SPE and SPME (Solid Phase Mico-extraction). Since then, the number of analytical applications implementing MOFs as sorbents in sorptive sample preparation approaches is increasing. ?his is reinforced by the fact that, at least theoretically, an infinite number of structures can be designed and synthesized, thus making tuneability one of the most unique characteristics of MOF materials. Moreover, they have been designed in various shapes, such as columns, fibers, and films, so that they can meet more analytical challenges with improved analytical features.Their exceptional properties attracted the interest of analytical chemists who have taken advantage of the unique structures and properties and have already introduced them in several sample pretreatment techniques, such as solid phase extraction, dispersive SPE, magnetic solid phase extraction, solid phase microextraction, stir bar sorptive extraction, etc.

Tobacco Control Policy in the Netherlands: Between Economy, Public Health, and Ideology

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Public Health Policy Research ISBN: 9783319723679 9783319723686 Year: Pages: 373 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72368-6 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: Universiteit Maastricht
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-27 16:15:14
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Governments have known since the 1960s that smoking results in irreversible health damage. This open access book examines why governments have done so little to combat this when they have been aware of the problem and its solutions for decades. What are the strategies and decisions that make a difference, given that policy environments are often not conducive to change? Taking the Netherlands as an example, this book helps to understand the complex policy process at the national level and why it so often appears irrational to us. It is the most sophisticated analysis of tobacco control policy to date, applying insights from political sciences to the field of tobacco control.

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