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One Hundred Years of General Relativity:From Genesis and Empirical Foundations to Gravitational Waves, Cosmology and Quantum Gravity

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ISBN: 9789814635134 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 720 DOI: 10.1142/9389-vol1 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-04 08:59:32

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The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a two-volume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.

One Hundred Years of General Relativity:From Genesis and Empirical Foundations to Gravitational Waves, Cosmology and Quantum Gravity

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ISBN: 9789814678506 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 636 DOI: 10.1142/9389-vol2 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Co.
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-04 09:01:47

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Abstract

The aim of this two-volume title is to give a comprehensive review of one hundred years of development of general relativity and its scientific influences. This unique title provides a broad introduction and review to the fascinating and profound subject of general relativity, its historical development, its important theoretical consequences, gravitational wave detection and applications to astrophysics and cosmology. The series focuses on five aspects of the theory:Genesis, Solutions and EnergyEmpirical FoundationsGravitational WavesCosmologyQuantum GravityThe first three topics are covered in Volume 1 and the remaining two are covered in Volume 2. While this is a two-volume title, it is designed so that each volume can be a standalone reference volume for the related topic.

Symmetry in Special and General Relativity

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ISBN: 9783039280940 9783039280957 Year: Pages: 100 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-095-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The development of special and general relativity has relied significantly on ideas of symmetry. Similarly, modern efforts to test these theories have often sought either violations or extensions of the symmetries seen, and symmetry is regularly used a tool in seeking new applications. In this Special Issue of symmetry, we explore some contemporary research related to symmetry in special and general relativity.

Compact Stars in the QCD Phase Diagram

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ISBN: 9783039219582 9783039219599 Year: Pages: 273 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-959-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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The book edition of the Universe Special Issue “Compact Stars in the QCD Phase Diagram” is devoted to the overarching aspects shared between heavy-ion collisions and compact star astrophysics in investigating the hadron-to-quark matter phase transition in the equation of state of strongly interacting matter in different regions of the phase diagram of QCD. It comprises 22 review and research articles that, together, will serve as a useful guide in educating both young and senior scientists in this emerging field that represents an intersection of the communities of strongly interacting matter theory, heavy-ion collision physics and compact star astrophysics.

Keywords

heavy-ion collisions --- directed flow --- hydrodynamics --- deconfinement --- hybrid stars --- neutron stars --- equation of state --- ? meson condensation --- maximum mass --- ? resonances --- finite temperature --- finite density --- quark-gluon plasma --- finite size --- speed of sound --- neutron stars --- equation of state --- in-medium effects --- neutrino --- Quantum Chromodynamics --- dense matter --- vector interaction --- neutron stars --- equation of state --- QCD matter --- phase transition --- critical point --- modified excluded-volume mechanism --- dense matter --- equation of state --- stars: neutron --- pulsars: general, pulsars: PSR J0737 ? 3039A --- pulsars: PSR J1757 ? 1854 --- relativistic heavy-ion collisions --- monte carlo simulations --- transport theory --- strangeness --- neutron stars --- star oscillations --- hadron–quark continuity --- neutron stars --- QCD phase diagram --- neutron stars --- stellar magnetic field --- stellar structure --- stellar evolution --- neutron star --- equation of state --- phase transition --- quark matter --- pulsars --- quark stars --- general relativity --- Gravitational waves --- Gamma-ray bursts --- nuclear matter --- neutron stars --- quarks --- combustion --- neutron star --- QCD matter --- phase transition --- critical point --- neutron stars --- gravitational waves --- equation of state --- chiral symmetry --- axion QED --- quark-hole pairing --- cold-dense QCD --- magnetic DCDW --- quark matter --- hadronic matter --- quark deconfinement --- neutron star matter --- nuclear equation of state --- phase transition --- crystalline structure --- neutrino emissivities --- cluster virial expansion --- quark-hadron matter --- Mott dissociation --- Beth-Uhlenbeck equation of state --- heavy-ion collisions --- supernova explosions --- mass-twin stars --- nuclear symmetry energy --- heavy-ion collisions --- transport theory --- collective flow --- light cluster emission --- meson production --- quark-hadron phase transition --- pasta phases --- speed of sound --- hybrid compact stars --- mass-radius relation --- GW170817

SPIG2018

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038978503 9783038978510 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-851-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Physics (General) --- Nuclear Physics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 16:37:17
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This Special Issue covers a wide range of topics from fundamental studies to applications of ionized gases. It is dedicated to four topics of interest: 1. ATOMIC COLLISION PROCESSES (electron and photon interactions with atomic particles, heavy particle collisions, swarms, and transport phenomena); 2. PARTICLE AND LASER BEAM INTERACTION WITH SOLIDS (atomic collisions in solids, sputtering and deposition, and laser and plasma interactions with surfaces); 3. LOW TEMPERATURE PLASMAS (plasma spectroscopy and other diagnostic methods, gas discharges, and plasma applications and devices); 4. GENERAL PLASMAS (fusion plasmas, astrophysical plasmas, and collective phenomena). This Special Issue of Atoms will highlight the need for continued research on ionized gas physics in different topics ranging from fundamental studies to applications, and will review current investigations.

Keywords

strong-field physics --- attoscience --- bicircular field --- high-order harmonic generation --- above-threshold ionization --- spin-polarized electrons --- capacitively-coupled discharge --- oxygen --- particle-in-cell/Monte Carlo collision --- electron heating --- secondary electron emission --- Large Helical Device (LHD) --- deuterium experiment --- ion temperature of 10 keV --- plasma research --- spectroscopic study --- dispersion interferometer --- modified theories of gravity --- methods: analytical --- methods: numerical --- galaxies: elliptical --- galaxies: fundamental parameters --- non-equilibrium --- collisions --- radiation --- planetary atmospheric entry --- laser matter interaction --- laser-induced breakdown --- plasma --- spectroscopy --- streak camera --- plasma --- spectral lines --- Stark broadening --- oxygen --- silicon --- spectroscopy --- gas discharges --- plasma applications --- databases --- virtual observatory --- cross sections --- rate coefficients --- runway electron --- plasma current --- fusion plasma --- tokamak --- glow discharge --- argon --- nitrogen admixture --- discharge voltage --- diffuse discharge --- constricted discharge --- electrical theory of DBDs --- QV-plot --- instantaneous power --- rainbow scattering --- positron channeling effect --- time-dependent Schrödinger equation --- chiral single wall carbon nanotubes --- black hole physics --- cosmology --- quasar spectroscopy --- cosmological parameters --- ionized gas --- broad line region --- Rydberg atoms --- dynamic instability --- control of atomic states --- Förster resonance --- plasma spectroscopy --- Stark broadening --- plasma diagnostics --- line shape modeling --- Zeeman-Doppler broadening --- Balmer line series --- radiative recombination --- photoacoustic --- photothermal --- inverse problem --- thermal memory --- minimum volume cell --- neural networks --- thermal diffusivity --- conductivity --- linear coefficient of thermal extension --- AGN --- black holes --- gravitational waves --- binary black holes --- quasars --- photodetachment --- magnetically confined fusion --- neutral beam injection --- plasma heating --- optical cavity amplification --- low-energy electrons --- electron–molecule interactions --- astrochemistry --- laboratory plasma --- astrophysical plasma --- fusion plasma --- lasers --- stars --- extragalactic objects --- spectra --- spectroscopy --- scaling laws

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