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Exotic Moscow Under Western Eyes

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ISBN: 9781934843406 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Academic Studies Press
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-01 16:07:12
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This collection of essays on Turgenev, Goncharov, Conrad, Dostoevsky, Blok, Briusov, Gor’kii, Pasternak and Nabokov represents diverse voices but is also unified. One invariant is the recurring distinction between “culture” and “civilization” and the vision of Russia as the bearer of culture because it is “barbaric.” Another stance advocates the synthesis of “sense and sensibility” and the vision of “Apollo” and “Dionysus” creating a “civilized culture” together. Those voices that delight in the artificiality of civilization are complemented by those apprehensive of the dangers inherent in barbarism. This collection thus adds new perspectives to the much-debated opposition of vital Russia and a declining West, offering novel interpretations of classics from Oblomov to Lolita and The Idiot to Doctor Zhivago.

Keywords

Literature --- Russia

Europäische Interaktionsfelder - Erkundungen zu deutsch-russischen Beziehungen

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ISBN: 9783863953485 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1076 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-21 11:01:55
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Das Verhältnis von Deutschen und Russen wird oft im Kontext von Kriegen und politischen Spannungen thematisiert. Aber eine derartige Sicht trennt auch das, was verbindet. Tatsächlich hat es im Laufe der Jahrhunderte nicht nur wechselseitige starke Migrationsbewegungen gegeben (Deutschland war zunächst eines der bevorzugten Fluchtländer der russischen Flüchtlinge nach der Russischen Revolution, Russland zog zur Zeit der Zarin Katharina deutsche Aussiedler an), sondern immer haben beide Kulturen auch stark aufeinander gewirkt. Am Schicksal der Russlanddeutschen zeigt sich in besonderer Prägnanz Fluch und Segen einer Existenz zwischen den Kulturen. Hier kann der Blick einzelnen Russlanddeutschen (wie dem letzten lutherischen Pastor von Tomsk) oder grundsätzlichen Überlegungen zur Geschichte und zum Selbstverständnis der Russlanddeutschen gelten. Umgekehrt werden Migrantenschicksale deutlich, die gerade deren Situation zwischen den Kulturen zum Teil tragisch verdeutlichen (Henry von Heiseler, Alexander Schmorell), die Wirkung russischer Kultur auf die deutsche erörtert etwa der Aufsatz zur Dostojewskij-Rezeption der dialektischen Theologen, während die studentische Arbeit zu Dostojewskijs Gotteslästerungsthematik im Großinquisitor ein Stück heutiger Rezeption bietet. Die Schlagwörter Märtyrer und Migranten belegen die gegenwärtig die Gesellschaften in Deutschland und Russland unterschiedlich bewegenden Tendenzen öffentlicher bzw. kultureller Diskurse, deren direkte Vergleichbarkeit nicht von vornherein gegeben ist.

Keywords

Europe --- Russia

Federalism and democratisation in Russia

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ISBN: 9780719058691 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The collapse of communism in the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe has encouraged political scientists to re-examine the comparative literature on democratisation. A vast literature has now been produced comparing transitions from authoritarianism and democratisation in different parts of the world. However, there are two major omissions in the transition literature. First, the focus of research has primarily been on national level politics, and second, the relationship between federalism and democracy has largely been overlooked. This study seeks to redress this imbalance by moving the focus of research from the national level to the vitally important processes of institution building and democratisation at the local level and to the study of federalism and democratisation in Russia. Federal states are much more difficult to set up than unitary ones, and forging a new federal system at the same time as privatising the economy and trying to radically overhaul the political system has clearly made Russia's transition triply difficult. This book builds on Cameron Ross' earlier work, 'Regional Politics in Russia', by combining theoretical perspectives with empirical work to provide a comparative analysis of the electoral systems, party systems and governmental systems in the ethnic republics and regions and to assess the impact of theses different institutional arrangements on democratisation and federalism. Overall, this study argues that Russia's weak and asymmetrical form of federalism has played a major role in thwarting the consolidation of democracy. Federalism and democratisation in Russia exist in contradiction rather than harmony. In a vicious circle authoritarianism at the centre has been nourished by authoritarianism in the regions and vice versa. 'Elective dictatorships' and 'delegative democracies' are now well entrenched in many republics and authoritarian regimes are firmly established in a majority of the regions. This book will be vital reading for advanced undergraduate and graduate students of Russian politics and democratisation.

Keywords

politics --- russia, soviet --- communism

Implementing international environmental agreements in Russia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780719063862 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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This exciting book is the first systematic study of how international environmental agreements are transformed into political action in Russia. Using three illuminating case studies on the implementation process in the fields of fisheries management, nuclear safety and air pollution control, this book fills an important gap in existing literature. While the focus in current social science debate on international environmental regimes is accumulating knowledge on 'implementing activities' at both national and international level, this book goes one step further and examines implementation at national and regional level. This topic is of great theoretical relevance to the study of environmental politics since some of the main sources of environmental degradation in Europe are to be found in the Russian Federation. It is also of relevance to the more general debate on contemporary Russian politics and offers valuable new material on regional politics in Russia. With its emphasis on the politics of environmental and resource management, it continues the description and discussion of political processes where most accounts of Russian politics tend to stop. This book will be invaluable for undergraduates, postgraduates and academics studying environmental politics and Russian politics at regional and national level.

Keywords

russia --- pollution --- russian --- environmental

Russian Policy in the Orthodox East. Patriarchate of Constantinople (1878-1914)

Author:
ISBN: 9788376560328 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.2478/9788376560328 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:01:11
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The book is the first attempt to make a systematic analysis of the Russian ecclesiastical policy in the diocese of the Patriarchate of Constantinople in the period of 1878-1914. It is based mainly on unedited materials from the archives of Moscow, St. Petersburg, Sofia, Athens, Belgrade and Istanbul. Using the existing publications on the political aspects of the Eastern question, the author presents a new understanding of the role of Russia in the East Mediterranean region at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries.

In the Lands of the Romanovs : An Annotated Bibliography of First-hand English-language Accounts of the Russian Empire (1613-1917)

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ISBN: 9782821876224 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Over the course of more than three centuries of Romanov rule in Russia, foreign visitors and residents produced a vast corpus of literature conveying their experiences and impressions of the country. The product of years of painstaking research by one of the world's foremost authorities on Anglo-Russian relations, In the Lands of the Romanovs is the realization of a major bibliographical project that records the details of over 1200 English-language accounts of the Russian Empire. Ranging chronologically from the accession of Mikhail Fedorovich in 1613 to the abdication of Nicholas II in 1917, this is the most comprehensive bibliography of first-hand accounts of Russia ever to be published. Far more than an inventory of accounts by travellers and tourists, Anthony Cross's ambitious and wide-ranging work includes personal records of residence in or visits to Russia by writers ranging from diplomats to merchants, physicians to clergymen, gardeners to governesses, as well as by participants in the French invasion of 1812 and in the Crimean War of 1854-56. Providing full bibliographical details and concise but informative annotation for each entry, this substantial bibliography will be an invaluable tool for anyone with an interest in contacts between Russia and the West during the centuries of Romanov rule.

Keywords

bibliography --- Russia --- Romanov

Chapter 20 OPEC and Russia (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780367195656 Year: Pages: 11 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Sociology --- Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:44:03
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Russia has long been a potential dream partner for the Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC). Russia could greatly enhance the cartel’s market power and has several allies among the OPEC member states. During the 2010s, it seemed that the potential of the OPEC–Russia relationship was finally being realized as they grew closer. However, in this chapter we argue that the strengthened dialogue has little impact on physical oil output and the level of mutual commitment remains low. What they do share is an interest in the semblance of cooperation to push oil prices upward through impacting market psychology. This strategy is in line with the postmodern turn in Russian foreign policy, as proclaimed by Vladislav Surkov and others. It also has some important foreign policy side benefits for Russia, such as weakening its international isolation after the conflict in Ukraine and making it possible to simultaneously befriend various Middle Eastern countries that are at odds with each other. The OPEC–Russia dalliance is also convenient for a third party – the USA. Although the USA is still a net oil importer and its consumers dislike high oil prices, they benefit American oil companies and their employees and investors, especially in the shale oil sector. Arrangements between OPEC and Russia are thus not only a happy pro forma marriage, but also a successful ménage à trois.

Keywords

OPEC --- Russia --- co-operation

Phoenix from the Ashes

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Book Series: Canberra Papers on Strategy and Defence ISBN: 9781921666117 Year: Pages: 121 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459441 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Sociology --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The continued existence of the Russian defence and arms industry (OPK) was called into question following the disintegration of the Soviet Union in 1991. Industry experts cited the lack of a domestic market, endemic corruption, and excess capacity within the industry as factors underpinning its predicted demise. However, the industry’s export customers in China, India and Iran during those early years became the OPK’s saving grace. Their orders introduced hard currency back into the industry and went a long way to preventing the forecasted OPK collapse. Although pessimistic predictions continued to plague the OPK throughout the 1990s, the valuable export dollars provided the OPK the breathing space it needed to claw back its competitive advantage as an arms producer. That revival has been further underpinned by a new political commitment, various research and development initiatives, and the restoration of defence industry as a tool of Russian foreign policy. The short-term future of the Russian OPK looks promising. The rising domestic defence order is beginning to challenge the export market as the OPK’s most important customer. Meanwhile, exports will be safeguarded by continued foreign demand for niche Russian defence products. Although the long-term future of the OPK is more difficult to predict, Russia’s solid research and development foundation and successful international joint military ventures suggest that the current thriving trend in exports is likely to continue. Russia represents the next generation of affordable and rugged military equipment for the arsenals of the developing world. Coupled with Russia’s growing ability to rearm itself through higher oil prices and a more streamlined defence industry, the future of the OPK looks bright.

Keywords

russia --- defence --- opk --- arms industry

About Russia, Its Revolutions, Its Development and Its Present

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Book Series: Prager Schriften zur Zeitgeschichte und zum Zeitgeschehen ISBN: 9783631695548 9783631695555 9783631671368 Year: Pages: 191 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:54
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The author analyzes modern Russian history from a new perspective. Due to the ideological heritage of the XIXth and XXth centuries, the social settings of the sociopolitical history of the USSR (1917–1945) have not been fully identified. Detailed examination of ideological and political concepts shows that the revolution of 1917 became not a middle class, proletarian movement, but rather a plebeian one. The misjudgment by the new power enabled growth but caused tremendous losses of human lives and material damages. Socialization of economy and strict centralization led to a new social structure and established terror as an instrument for social reorganization. WWII revealed the necessity of a correction of these developments, but the events of the Cold War circumvented any further considerations.

Keywords

Development --- Present --- Reiman --- Revolutions --- Russia

A New Rival State?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760462284 Year: Pages: 368 DOI: 10.22459/NRS.10.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
License: ANU Press

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"A New Rival State? is a unique collection of dispatches written in 1857–1917 by the Russian consuls in Melbourne to the Imperial Russian Embassy in London and the Russian Foreign Ministry in St Petersburg. Written by eight consuls, they offer a Russian view of the development of the settler colonies in the late nineteenth century and the first years of the federated Commonwealth of Australia. They cover the federalist movement, the changing domestic political situation, labour politics, the treatment of the Indigenous population, the ‘White Australia’ policy, Australia’s defensive capacity and foreign policy as part of the British Empire. The bulk of the material is drawn from the Russian-language collection The Russian Consular Service in Australia 1857–1917, edited by Alexander Massov and Marina Pollard (2014), using documents from the archive of the Russian Foreign Ministry."

Keywords

History --- Colonial history --- Australia --- Russia

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