Search results: Found 23

Listing 1 - 10 of 23 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Against Meritocracy

Author:
ISBN: 9781138889552 9781315712802 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102668
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-12 10:19:51
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

In this book Jo Littler argues that meritocracy is the key cultural means of legitimation for contemporary neoliberal culture – and that whilst it promises opportunity, it in fact creates new forms of social division. Against Meritocracy is split into two parts. Part I explores the genealogies of meritocracy within social theory, political discourse and working cultures. It traces the dramatic U-turn in meritocracy’s meaning, from socialist slur to a contemporary ideal of how a society should be organised. Part II uses a series of case studies to analyse the cultural pull of popular ‘parables of progress’, from reality TV to the super-rich and celebrity CEOs, from social media controversies to the rise of the ‘mumpreneur’. Paying special attention to the role of gender, ‘race’ and class, this book provides new conceptualisations of the meaning of meritocracy in contemporary culture and society.

European Somalis' Post-Migration Movements

Author:
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783319956602 Year: Pages: 213 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-95660-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Migration --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Based on a qualitative study on migrants of Somali origin who have settled in Europe for at least a decade, this open access book offers a ground-breaking exploration of the idea of mobility, both empirically and theoretically. It draws a comprehensive typology of the varied “post-migration mobility practices” developed by these migrants from their country of residence after having settled there. It argues that cross-border mobility may, under certain conditions, become a form of capital that can be employed to pursue advantages in transnational social fields. Anchored in rich empirical data, the book constitutes an innovative and successful attempt at theoretically linking the emerging field of “mobilities studies” with studies of migration, transnationalism and integration. It emphasises how the ability to be mobile may become a significant marker of social differentiation, alongside other social hierarchies. The “mobility capital” accumulated by some migrants is the cornerstone of strategies intended to negotiate inconsistent social positions in transnational social fields, challenging sedentarist and state-centred visions of social inequality. The migrants in the study are able to diversify the geographic and social fields in which they accumulate and circulate resources, and to benefit from this circulation by reinvesting them where they can best be valorised. The study sheds a different light on migrants who are often considered passive or problematic migrants/refugees in Europe, and demonstrates that mobility capital is not the prerogative of highly qualified elites: less privileged migrants also circulate in a globalised world, benefiting from being embedded in transnational social fields and from mobility practices over which they have gained some control. ; This open access book highlights the relevance of various types of cross-border movements in the post-migration lives of women and men of Somali origin Brings together conceptual insights from the migration studies and the mobilities studies to understand migrants' biographies Contributes to an emerging field that aims to trans-nationalize theories of social inequalities

Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030292867 Year: Pages: 329 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-29286-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Public Health --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:05

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book gives an overview of the sessions, panel discussions, and outcomes of the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference, held in February 2018 in San Antonio, Texas, USA, and hosted by the Mays Cancer Center and the Institute for Health Promotion Research at UT Health San Antonio. Latinos – the largest, youngest, and fastest-growing minority group in the United States – are expected to face a 142% rise in cancer cases in coming years. Although there has been substantial advancement in cancer prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment over the past few decades, addressing Latino cancer health disparities has not nearly kept pace with progress. The diverse and dynamic group of speakers and panelists brought together at the Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos conference provided in-depth insights as well as progress and actionable goals for Latino-focused basic science research, clinical best practices, community interventions, and what can be done by way of prevention, screening, diagnosis, and treatment of cancer in Latinos. These insights have been translated into the chapters included in this compendium; the chapters summarize the presentations and include current knowledge in the specific topic areas, identified gaps, and top priority areas for future cancer research in Latinos. Topics included among the chapters: Colorectal cancer disparities in Latinos: Genes vs. Environment Breast cancer risk and mortality in women of Latin American origin Differential cancer risk in Latinos: The role of diet Overcoming barriers for Latinos on cancer clinical trials Es tiempo: Engaging Latinas in cervical cancer research Emerging policies in U.S. health care Advancing the Science of Cancer in Latinos proves to be an indispensable resource offering key insights into actionable targets for basic science research, suggestions for clinical best practices and community interventions, and novel strategies and advocacy opportunities to reduce health disparities in Latino communities. It will find an engaged audience among researchers, academics, physicians and other healthcare professionals, patient advocates, students, and others with an interest in the broad field of Latino cancer.

Migrating and Settling in a Mobile World: Albanian Migrants and Their Children in Europe

Author:
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 23644087 ISBN: 9783319130231 9783319130248 Year: Pages: 216 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-13024-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Ecology --- Law --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 17:15:36
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book draws on award-winning cross-generational research comparing the complex and life-changing processes of settlement among Albanian migrants and their adolescent children in three European cities: London (UK), Thessaloniki (Greece), and Florence (Italy). Building on key concepts from the social sciences and migration studies, such as identity, integration and transnationalism, the author links these with emerging theoretical notions, such as mobility, translocality and cosmopolitanism. Ethnic identities, transnational ties and integration pathways of the youngsters and adults are compared, focusing on intergenerational transmission in particular and recognizing mobility as an inherent characteristic of contemporary lives. Departing from the traditional focus on the adult children of settled migrants and the main immigration countries of continental North-Western Europe, this study centres on Southern Europe and Great Britain and a very recently settled immigrant group. The result is an illuminating early look at a second generation “in-the-making”. Indeed, the findings provide ample grounds for pragmatic and forward-looking policy to enable these migrant-origin youngsters, and others like them, to more fully attain their potential. The book ends with a call to reassess the term “second generation” as it is currently used in policy and scholarly works. Children of migrants seldom see themselves as a particular and homogeneous group with ethnicity as an intrinsic identifying quality. More importantly, they make use of all the limited resources at their disposal, and view their integration processes through broader geographies – showing sometimes a cosmopolitan orientation, but also using localized reference points, such as the school, city, or urban neighbourhood.

Has Latin American Inequality Changed Direction?: Looking Over the Long Run

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319446202 9783319446219 Year: Pages: 419 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-44621-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-14 12:17:48
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book brings together a range of ideas and theories to arrive at a deeper understanding of inequality in Latin America and its complex realities. To so, it addresses questions such as: What are the origins of inequality in Latin America? How can we create societies that are more equal in terms of income distribution, gender equality and opportunities? How can we remedy the social divide that is making Latin America one of the most unequal regions on earth? What are the roles played by market forces, institutions and ideology in terms of inequality?In this book, a group of global experts gathered by the Institute for the Integration of Latin America and the Caribbean (INTAL), part of the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB), show readers how various types of inequality, such as economical, educational, racial and gender inequality have been practiced in countries like Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Mexico and many others through the centuries.Presenting new ideas, new evidence, and new methods, the book subsequently analyzes how to move forward with second-generation reforms that lay the foundations for more egalitarian societies. As such, it offers a valuable and insightful guide for development economists, historians and Latin American specialists alike, as well as students, educators, policymakers and all citizens with an interest in development, inequality and the Latin American region.

Spaces of the Poor

Author:
Book Series: Mainzer Historische Kulturwissenschaften ISBN: 9783837624731 9783839424735 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_627789 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100531
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-21 11:01:49
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

What do we know about the urban impoverished areas of the world and the living environment of its inhabitants? How did the urban poor cope with their surroundings? How did they interpret and adopt urban space in order to fight against their position at the periphery of society? This volume takes up these questions and investigates how far approaches of cultural sciences can contribute to overcome the 'exoticization of the ghetto' (Loïc Wacquant) and instead to look at the heterogeneity and individuality behind the facades. It opens new perspectives for the research of poverty and inequalities that do not stop at collective categories.

World of Difference

Author:
ISBN: 9789048534548 9789462984028 Year: Pages: 120 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-16 11:21:02

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Public debates tend to see social inequality as resulting from individual decisions people make, for instance with respect to their education or lifestyle. Solutions are often sought in supporting individuals to make better choices. This neglects the importance of social groups and communities in determining individual outcomes. A moral perspective on social inequality questions the fairness of insisting on individual responsibilities, when members of some groups systematically receive fewer opportunities than others. The essays in this book have been prepared by experts from different disciplines, ranging from philosophy to engineering, and from economics to epidemiology. On the basis of recent scientific insights, World of Difference examines how group memberships impact on individual outcomes in four key domains: health, education and work, migration, and the environment. This offers a new moral perspective on social inequality, which policy makers tend to neglect.

Ethnic Identity, Social Mobility and the Role of Soulmates

Author:
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783319995960 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-99596-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Migration --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Based on a study among higher-educated adult children of lower-class Turkish and Moroccan immigrants in the Netherlands, this open access book explores processes of identification among social climbers with ethnic minority backgrounds. Using both survey data and open interviews with these ‘minority climbers’, the study details the contextual and temporal nature of identification. The results illustrate how ethnicity is contextual but have tangible and inescapable effects at the same time. Also the findings call for a more reflexive use of terms like ethnic ingroup/outgroup and bonding/bridging. Overall, the book helps us understand the emergence of middle-class segments that articulate their minority identities and as such it will be of great interest to academics, policy makers and all those interested in processes of integration and/or diversity.

Education for Children with Disabilities in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Author:
Book Series: Inclusive Learning and Educational Equity ISBN: 9783319607689 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-60768-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Ethnology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book presents insights into the lived realities of children with disabilities in primary schools in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. It examines specific cultural and societal characteristics of Ethiopia that influence the education of children with disabilities. The book presents findings drawn from interviews with, and participant observation of the schoolchildren, family members, teachers and other “experts”, and places these findings in a cultural-historical context. The multidimensional approach taken allows for, on the one hand, the provision of a historical grounding of the book, explaining the main historical junctures and their implications for education, and the discussion of the role of culture and society as barriers and facilitators of education. On the other hand, it gives the book a more personal angle, allowing the reader to gain insight into what it means to feel like a family, develop a sense of belonging, and tr ying to move toward educational equity.

Indigenous Life Projects and Extractivism

Authors: ---
Book Series: Approaches to Social Inequality and Difference ISBN: 9783319934358 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93435-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- Ethnology --- Political Science --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Exploring indigenous life projects in encounters with extractivism, the present open access volume discusses how current turbulences actualise questions of indigeneity, difference and ontological dynamics in the Andes and Amazonia. While studies of extractivism in South America often focus on wider national and international politics, this contribution instead provides ethnographic explorations of indigenous politics, perspectives and worlds, revealing loss and suffering as well as creative strategies to mediate the extralocal. Seeking to avoid conceptual imperialism or the imposition of exogenous categories, the chapters are grounded in the respective authors’ long-standing field research. The authors examine the reactions (from resistance to accommodation), consequences (from anticipation to rubble) and materials (from fossil fuel to water) diversely related to extractivism in rural and urban settings. How can Amerindian strategies to preserve localised communities in extractivist contexts contribute to ways of thinking otherwise?

Listing 1 - 10 of 23 << page
of 3
>>
Sort by
Narrow your search