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Analysis of Creationism in the United States from Scopes (1925) to Kitzmiller (2005) and its Effect on the Nation´s Science Education System

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783863953393 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2018-1065 Language: English
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-19 11:01:54
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Creationism is based on a fundamental belief in the inerrancy of the bible and negatively affects science education because creationist proponents insist on the inclusion of supernatural explanations for the appearance of species, in particular the origin of humans. This detrimental effect on education is particularly relevant in the United States, where almost 70% of the population rejects the idea of naturalistic evolution and the majority of American students struggle to meet the college-readiness benchmarks in science and math. This dissertation provides a comprehensive look at the issue from historical, judicial and educational perspectives. Twenty-four legal cases in the United States regarding anti-evolutionary strategies were analyzed in detail. Strategic trends were identified ranging from the statewide banning of evolution in public schools to the required teaching of Creation Science. The exact effect of creationist political activity was discerned through the analysis of state science standards and textbook adoption processes, which illustrated the creationists’ ability to lobby for a diminished coverage of evolution in science standards and textbooks. It was found that despite attempts made by scientific and educational agencies to provide guidelines such as the Next Generation Science Standards, the majority of American state science standards continue to be sub-par and one of the major flaws of these standards is the overall attempt to weaken the coverage of evolution throughout the standards. A similar loss of quality occurs in textbooks since publishers engage in self-censorship in order to avoid controversial topics such as evolution in order to prevent their books from being rejected. An examination of the free-choice learning materials revealed that creationist proponents are very active and successful in producing books, films and museums for the sole purpose of promoting creationism. Moreover, a brief look at the creationist movement in Germany provided a powerful comparison to the United States and elucidated the key components necessary for a creationist movement to exist and flourish, namely the presence of fundamentalist willing to fight to get anti-evolutionary materials introduced into science classrooms. This study provides new insights into the creationist phenomenon, present not only in the United States but also increasingly present in European countries such as Germany. Understanding the detrimental link between creationism and science education will help the science community realize that this topic needs to be continually readdressed and that it is imperative that these creationist trends are not dismissed as inconsequential.

Keywords

Creationism --- USA

Border Flows: A Century of the Canadian-American Water Relationship

Authors: ---
Book Series: Canadian History and Environment ISSN: 19253702 ISBN: 9781552388968 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 368 Language: English
Publisher: University of Calgary Press
Subject: History --- Environmental Engineering --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-19 18:33:11
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Declining access to fresh water is one of the twenty-first century’s most pressing environmental and human rights challenges, yet the struggle for water is not a new cause. The 8,800-kilometer border dividing Canada and the United States contains more than 20 percent of the world’s total freshwater resources, and Border Flows traces the century-long effort by Canada and the United States to manage and care for their ecologically and economically shared rivers and lakes. Ranging across the continent, from the Great Lakes to the Northwest Passage to the Salish Sea, the histories in Border Flows offer critical insights into the historical struggle to care for these vital waters. From multiple perspectives, the book reveals alternative paradigms in water history, law, and policy at scales from the local to the transnational. Students, concerned citizens, and policymakers alike will benefit from the lessons to be found along this critical international border.With contributions by Andrea Charron, Alice Cohen, Dave Dempsey, Jerry Dennis, Colin A.M. Duncan, Matthew Evenden, James W. Feldman, Noah D. Hall, Lynne Heasley, Nancy Langston, Frédéric Lasserre, Daniel Macfarlane, Andrew Marcille, Jeremy Mouat, Emma S. Norman, Peter Starr, Joseph E. Taylor III, and Graeme Wynn

Keywords

Freshwater --- Environment --- History --- Transnational --- Canada --- USA

Towards Turkish American Literature

Authors: ---
Book Series: Interamericana ISBN: 9783631677247 9783631677247 9783653072297 9783631709054 Year: DOI: 10.3726/978-3-653-07229-7 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103567
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:12
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The author expands the definition of Turkish American literature beyond fiction written by Americans of Turkish descent to incorporate texts that literally ‘commute’ between two national spheres. This segment of Turkish American literature transcends established paradigms of immigrant life-writing, as it includes works by Turkish authors who do not qualify as American permanent residents and were not born in the United States by Turkish parents (such as Elif Shafak and Halide Edip), and on novels where the Turkish and Ottoman matter decisively prevails over the American (Güneli Gün’s «On the Road to Baghdad» and Alev Lytle Croutier’s «Seven Houses»). Yet, these texts were written in English, were purposefully located on the American market, and simultaneously engage the Turkish and the American cultural and literary traditions.

Documenting Racism

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ISBN: 9780826405555 9781441172938 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Bloomsbury Academic Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102540
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:04
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From the silent era through the 1950s, the U.S. Department of Agriculture was the preeminent government filmmaking organization. In the United States, USDA films were shown in movie theaters, public and private schools at all educational levels, churches, libraries and even in open fields. For many Americans in the early 1900s, the USDA films were the first motion pictures they watched. And yet USDA documentaries have received little serious scholarly attention. The lack of serious study is especially concerning since the films chronicle over half a century of American farm life and agricultural work and, in so doing, also chronicle the social, cultural, and political changes in the United States at a crucial time in its development into a global superpower. Focusing specifically on four key films, Winn explicates the representation of African Americans in these films within the socio-political context of their times.

Stories From 55 Years of a Transatlantic Friendship. Geschichten aus 55 Jahren transatlantischer Freundschaft/Smith College & Universität Hamburg 1961 - 2016

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783943423440 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.176 Language: English|German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:22
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The origin of this story of origins is the celebration, in June 2011, that took place in Hamburg to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the Smith College Junior Year Program at the University of Hamburg. We wanted to replicate in print what we witnessed in person: the voicing of vivid memories that were never identical but invariably familiar; the effortless manner in which people from two institutions and two countries met and mingled; the wisdom and wit with which participants reflected on the profound effect of studying and teaching thousands of miles away from home. We wanted a record of how this remarkable program came into being and of how people over the decades have responded to and remembered what is an exchange in the truest sense. The ease with which we were able to collect some 40 contributions testifies to the strong ties between Smith College and the University of Hamburg – between Northampton and Hamburg. The essays in this volume capture the regular and lively talk between our institutions and cities.

The Future of Land Warfare

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ISBN: 9780815726890 9780815726913 9780815726906 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Brookings Institution Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102767
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:03
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In today’s U.S. defense policy debates, big land wars are out. Drones, cyber weapons, special forces, and space weapons are in. Accordingly, Pentagon budget cuts have honed in on the army and ground forces: this, after the long wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, seems like an appealing idea. No one really wants American boots on the ground in bloody conflicts abroad. But it is not so easy to simply declare an end to messy land wars. A survey of the world’s trouble spots suggests that land warfare has more of a future than many now seem to believe. In The Future of Land Warfare, Michael O’Hanlon offers an analysis of the future of the world’s ground forces.

Affective Intellectuals and the Space of Catastrophe in the Americas

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ISBN: 9780814213780 9780814254950 Year: DOI: 10.26818/9780814213780 Language: English
Publisher: The Ohio State University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103024
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-16 11:21:02
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Most importantly, the book shows how literature constitutes an alternative public sphere for Black people. In a society largely controlled by white supremacist actors and institutions, Black authors have conjured fiction into a space where hard questions can be asked and answered and where the work of combatting collective, racist suppression can occur without replicating oppressive hierarchies. Intimate Antagonisms uncovers a key theme in Black fiction and argues that literature itself is a vital institutional site within Black life. Through the examination of intimate conflicts in a wide array of twentieth- and twenty-first-century novels, Blake demonstrates the centrality of intraracial relations to the complexity and vision of Black social movements and liberation struggles and the power and promise of Black narrative in reshaping struggle.

The Mission of the American Board in Syria

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783515115995 Year: Pages: 300 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_624639 Language: English
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 332
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:29
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The focus of this study is the “Syria Mission”, directed by the Protestant missionary society American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) from 1819 to 1870 in the Ottoman province of Syria, operating mainly within the territory of present-day Lebanon. The analysis of the cultural transfer between the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America undertaken in this study focuses on four relevant protagonists, whose contributions have not yet been sufficiently explored in missiological studies: The missionaries Eli Smith and Cornelius Van Dyck as well as the Syrian Protestants Butrus al-Bustani and John Wortabet. As a result, the Syria Mission of the ABCFM demonstrates how two different cultures met in a so called contact zone in the mission field and how these dialogue partners, despite many conflicts and disagreements, succeeded in contributing towards a fruitful dialogue.

How America Became Capitalist

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ISBN: 9780745337883 9781786803863 9781786803870 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102215
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-05 09:51:01
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In an age of political and economic uncertainty, from the Great Recession to the election of Donald Trump, it is essential to understand the ways capitalism and imperialism are central to the American way of life.The story told in this book brings together a new interpretation of American history beyond mainstream perspectives to chart the ways in which white-settler colonialism pushed expansion on the western frontier of empire, and locates the history through which empire gradually took on a capitalist form.It follows the pathway of expansion from the making of an Atlantic world market through the creation of white colonies in New England and Virginia. From here the book charts the growth of empire across the north and south, highlighting the gendered dynamics of empire-building, and culminates in a discussion of the Civil War and the consolidation of over two centuries of capitalist development explaining how a society with capitalism became a capitalist society.

Radical Approaches to Political Science

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ISBN: 9783847400288 9783866495364 Year: DOI: 10.3224/84740028 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102284
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-07 11:21:02
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This ground breaking volume offers a range of alternative approaches to political science, highlighting problems too rarely confronted by “mainstream” political scientists. Ranging from Gunfighter Sagas to the changing faces of an imaginary Mars, the innovative chapters introduce whole new ways of rethinking politics, stirring up the all too conventional ways of the discipline.

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