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Coup: Reflections on the Political Crisis in Fiji

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921536373 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458920 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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May 19, 2000. Fiji’s democratically elected multiracial government is hijacked by a group of armed gunmen led by George Speight, and held hostage for fifty days. Suva, the capital, is torched and looted as Speight’s supporters gather on the lawns of the parliamentary complex, dancing, cooking food, celebrating the purported abrogation of the constitution that brought the People’s Coalition government to power. The country is plunged into darkness yet again, enduring the pain of three coups in a period of just thirteen years. The process of healing and reconciliation, symbolised by the enactment of a new Constitution, unanimously approved by Parliament and blessed by the powerful Great Council of Chiefs, lies discarded, as winds of ethnic chauvinism sweep through the countryside, damaging the fragile fabric of multiculturalism that was carefully constructed by so many over many years. The economy is on the brink of collapse, investor confidence has vanished, and the best and the brightest are seeking succour on other shores. Fiji falls victim, yet again, to the prejudice and greed of a section of its people. This book gathers together a handful of memoirs of those tragic events in Fiji. They were written while the gun was still smoking; personal, anguished reactions of people from all walks of life, concerned about a country they all love but deeply distressed by the developments there. They are first reactions. They will in time become essential building blocks for a larger interpretive framework of academic analysis about origins, processes and impacts. Straight from the heart, these memoirs will be remembered as the people of Fiji and their friends elsewhere contemplate the wreckage and ruin brought about by that act of madness in the month of May 2000.

TA31: The Early Prehistory of Fiji

Authors: ---
Book Series: Terra Australis ISBN: 9781921666070 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459737 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Archaeology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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I enjoyed reading this volume. It is rare to see such a comprehensive report on hard data published these days, especially one so insightfully contextualised by the editors’ introductory and concluding chapters. These scholars and the others involved in the work really know their stuff, and it shows. The editors connect the preoccupations of Pacific archaeologists with those of their colleagues working in other island regions and on “big questions” of colonisation, migration, interaction and patterns and processes of cultural change in hitherto-uninhabited environments. These sorts of outward-looking, big-picture contextual studies are invaluable, but all too often are missing from locally- and regionally-oriented writing, very much to its detriment. In sum, the work strongly advances our understanding of the early prehistory of Fiji through its well-integrated combination of original research and the reinterpretation of existing knowledge in the context of wider theoretical and historical concerns. In doing so The Early Prehistory of Fiji makes a truly substantial contribution to Pacific and archaeological scholarship.

Keywords

archaeology --- history --- prehistory --- fiji

Chalo Jahaji: On a journey through indenture in Fiji

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ISBN: 9781922144607 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459865 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-01-13 12:34:13
License: ANU Press

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“It is a milestone in subaltern studies, a biographical journey penned by a living relic of the indentured experience and a scholar whose thoroughly interdisciplinary approach is a good example for the anthropologist, the sociologist or the economist who wish to see the proper integration of their disciplines in a major historical work.” Brinsley Samaroo, University of the West Indies, St Augustine Campus, Trinidad&#xD;&#xD;“Professor Lal has made a most distinguished contribution to scholarship on Indian indentured labour in Fiji. His research is characterised by the use of new methodological approaches to the study of history, and by a comprehensive consideration of both quantitative and literary sources. In beautifully written articles, he has arrived at fresh and novel findings.”&#xD;Ralph Shlomowitz, Flinders University of South Australia&#xD;&#xD;“Professor Lal has produced a body of work which makes him the premier scholar of the Indian diaspora. His meticulous research, the depth of scholarship, the empathy, and the elegance have earned him great respect among Indian diaspora scholars. The themes covered in this book are relevant to other overseas Indian communities; and they are handled with such mastery that his reputation is secured.”&#xD;Clem Seecharan, University of North London&#xD;&#xD;“Brij Lal’s Chalo Jahaji is an intensely personal journey through his life and that of the 60,000 Indians who became girmitiyas in Fiji. The intricate history is measured, but Lal reveals himself and his family in a way historians seldom do. This proud grandson of a girmitiya is equally a proud son of Fiji. Chalo Jahaji is Pacific history at its best: rigorous and critical, informative and involved.”&#xD;Clive Moore, University of Queensland

Situating Women: Gender Politics and Circumstance in Fiji

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ISBN: 9781922144140 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459879 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:49:55
License: ANU Press

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Since the time of decolonisation in Fiji, women’s organisations have navigated a complex political terrain. While they have stayed true to the aim of advancing

Keywords

women's studies --- fiji

Electoral Systems in Divided Societies

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781922144508 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459888 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:10
License: ANU Press

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Elections can increase tension in ethnically divided societies, like Fiji. The way constituencies are drawn and votes counted can also affect the result. First-past-the post can deliver lopsided results, while proportional representation may give excessive influence to small, fringe parties. Fiji’s Constitution Review Commission believed a system of alternative voting in ethnically mixed constituencies would encourage politicians, and parties, to take into account the interests of other ethnic groups. This book assesses their recommendations, looks at alternatives, and considers how they might work in Fiji.

Keywords

politics --- elections --- fiji

Fiji before the storm: Elections and the politics of development

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ISBN: 9781922144621 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459864 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:27
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A racially-weighted Constitution, promulgated by decree in 1990, divided the country and invited international condemnation, and the economy suffered from the collapse of institutions of good governance. In 1995, an independent Constitution Review Commision appointed by the Fijian parliament, recommended wide-ranging changes to the Constitution. Its report formed the basis of a new Constitution promulgated, after wide-ranging consultation and debate, in 1997. Two years later, Fiji held a general election under it. This collection of essays looks at the politics and dynamics of that momentous event, and the role of key individuals and institutions in producing an outcome that, a year later, plunged Fiji into its first major crisis of the twenty-first century. The essays look at some of the key political and development issues on the eve of the crisis, but the relevance to the current debates about the nature and meaning of politics in Fiji remains. All the contributors are recognised and longstanding specialists in their fields.

Keywords

political history --- elections --- fiji

Intersections: History, Memory and Discipline

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ISBN: 9781922144379 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459883 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:50:31
License: ANU Press

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“A wonderfully rich, insightful and personally touching collection of essays by the Pacific region’s most prolific and engaging historian. Brij Lal writes eloquently

Mr Tulsi’s Store

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ISBN: 9781922144881 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459933 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:03
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Professor Lal has been remarkably successful in combining scholarship with autobiography in Mr Tulsi’s Store. In the essays which cover the author’s childhood

Turnings Fiji Factions

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ISBN: 9781922144904 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459935 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-03 22:51:07
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Through Dr Lal’s refreshingly clear and powerful prose and sharply observed stories, we enter the inner world of Indo-Fijian feeling and aspiration. One universal that emerges with particular clarity in the Indo-Fijian experience is the ceaseless struggle to find community in a changing world, balancing the beauty of ritual and tradition against the transcendent value of education and modern rationality. The volume poses the question of how people draw upon historical memory and immediate circumstances to create a social world, and how that world can be shared with others in multicultural society. The answer seems to lie somewhere between history and poetry, as in Dr Lal’s ‘factions.’ Andrew Arno&#xD;University of Hawaii&#xD;at Manoa, Honolulu

Degei's Descendants (Terra Australis 41)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925021813 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_502535 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-14 11:01:16
License: ANU Press

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Dr Parke’s monograph examines how Fijians, especially in western areas of Fiji, currently understand and explain the origins and development of the social and political divisions of late pre-colonial traditional Fijian society. It assesses the reasoning, consistency and, where possible, the historical accuracy of such understandings. The oral history research which forms the backbone of the study was conducted in either standard Fijian or one or other of the western Fijian dialects with which Dr Parke was familiar. The period on which the monograph concentrates is the two centuries or so immediately prior to the Deed of Cession on 10 October 1874. A number of the major chiefs of Fiji had offered to cede Fiji to Queen Victoria; and after the offer had been accepted, Fiji became a British Crown Colony on that day. The volume will be of interest to all archaeologists, anthropologists and historians with an interest in Fiji. It will also be of wider interest to Pacific Studies scholars and those of British colonial history as well as historians with a wider interest in indigenous traditional histories and their role in governance today.

Keywords

culture --- history --- fiji

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