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Glacier Evolution in a Changing World

ISBN: 9789535135432 9789535135449 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.5772/65820 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Geology --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Glaciers have always played an important role in human history, and currently, they are carefully observed as climate change sentinels. Glacier melt rate is increasing, and its mass balance is continuously negative. This issue deserves accurate and in-depth studies in order to, adequately, monitor its state. This circumstance in fact endangers the water supply, affecting human settlements but also creating new environments allowing the colonization by pioneer communities and the formation of new landscapes. This book is subdivided into two main sections in order to deal with the two topics of worldwide research on glaciers and ecology in glacial environments. In the first one ""Glaciers in the World,"" several reviews and studies are collected. It is an overview of glaciers, their state, and research carried out in different continents and contexts. The second section ""Glacial Ecosystems"" focuses, on the other hand, on glacier environments and ecological researches.

Condensed Matter Researches in Cryospheric Science

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039213238 9783039213245 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-324-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 16:10:12

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The cryosphere is very sensitive to climate change, and glaciers represent one of the most important archives of atmospheric composition and its variability. From the Himalaya to the European Alps, the longest mid-latitude mountain chain in the world, lie thousands of glaciers that have collected atmospheric compounds over the last millennia. China and Italy are located at the opposite terminals of this long mountain chain, comprising strategic positions for understanding climate evolution and providing important information for the modeling of future climates. The results presented are highlights of some of the most recent advances in cryospheric studies, especially on the topic of mineral dust and aerosols in the atmosphere. They evidence the complexity of the chemical–physical processes involving solid compounds occurring in glacier, snow, and permafrost environments, covering different aspects such as spatial and temporal trends, as well as the impact of mineral and nonmineral particles. Results also show that recent advances in measurement techniques and source apportionment may be powerful and sophisticated tools to provide novel, high-quality scientific information.

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