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Aeroacustic and Vibroacoustic Advancement in Aerospace and Automotive Systems

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038428510 9783038428527 Year: Pages: VI, 174 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-26 16:41:09
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The purpose of this special issue is to highlight the latest advances in vibroacoustics and aeroacoustics applied to aerospace and automotive industries. In proposing this wide topic, we wanted to give scientists and engineers the opportunity to publish their studies of current interest, both in the theoretical and experimental fields of vibration, sound generation, and radiation; and passive and active noise control approaches, which can be of interest for assessing vibroacoustics characteristics of aerospace and automotive vehicles. In particular, we have tried to include articles focusing on the introduction of new approaches and methodologies in the vibroacoustics and aeroacoustics fields.

Keywords

Vibroacoustics --- Aeroacoustics --- Noise --- SEA

Boundaries and Beyond

Author:
ISBN: 9789814722018 9789814722445 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_627433 Language: English
Publisher: NUS Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100741
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-21 11:01:53
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Using the concept of boundaries, physical and cultural, to understand the development of China’s maritime southeast in late Imperial times, these linked essays by a senior scholar challenge the usual readings of Chinese history from the centre. The book begins with the boundaries between “us” and “them”, Chinese and other, during this period, including the rise of state systems. It looks at the challenges to such demarcations posed by movements of people, goods and ideas across maritime East Asia and the broader Asian Seas, and builds a fresh understanding of China’s boundaries.Of interest to students of migration, of Chinese history, and of relations between China and its region, Ng’s analysis provides crucial background to understanding China within Asia’s maritime world. The result is a novel way of approaching Chinese history, argued from a fresh perspective on China’s relations with neighbouring territories, and of the nature of tradition and its persistence in a changing world.

Challenges and Opportunities for the EU Common Fisheries Policy Application in the Mediterranean and Black Sea

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456840 Year: Pages: 232 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-684-0 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Oceanography --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The application of the Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) in the Mediterranean and Black Sea faces several challenges also because of large ecological, economic, political and institutional differences across the basin. The challenge of CFP application is exacerbated by the legal/administrative situation, with large areas outside national/EU jurisdictions, by the different development of fisheries that result in fleet capacities highly different on opposite shores of some sub-basins, as well as by uneven monitoring and data availability across the basins that result in situations that hamper sustainable management. This book collates analyses related to the application of the principles included in the CFP in Mediterranean and Black Sea, including assessments of current status, scenario analyses, visions of best solutions, evaluation of critical hot spots and effects of regionalization of fisheries management. The eBook tackles from local to transboundary issues and solutions and provides a broad vision of problems together with important practical solutions for CFP application in the Mediterranean and Black Sea.

Sea Surface Temperature Retrievals from Remote Sensing

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038974796 / 9783038974802 Year: Pages: 340 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-480-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-14 10:39:15
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This book covers topics ranging from a detailed error analysis of SSTs to new applications employed, for example, in the study of the El Niño–La Niña Southern Oscillation, lake temperatures, and coral bleaching. New techniques for interpolation and algorithm development are presented, including improvements for cloud detection. Analysis of the pixel-to-pixel uncertainties provides insight to applications for high spatial resolutions. New approaches for the estimation and evaluation of SSTs are presented. In addition, an overview of the Climate Change Initiative, with specific applications to SST, is presented. The book provides an excellent overview of the current technology, while also highlighting new technologies and their applications to new missions.

 Ocean Remote Sensing with Synthetic Aperture Radar

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783038427209 9783038427193 Year: Pages: 360 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-08 13:19:39
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The ocean covers approximately 71% of the Earth’s surface, 90% of the biosphere and contains 97% of Earth’s water. The Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) can image the ocean surface in all weather conditions and day or night. SAR remote sensing on ocean and coastal monitoring has become a research hotspot in geoscience and remote sensing. This book—Progress in SAR Oceanography—provides an update of the current state of the science on ocean remote sensing with SAR. Overall, the book presents a variety of marine applications, such as, oceanic surface and internal waves, wind, bathymetry, oil spill, coastline and intertidal zone classification, ship and other man-made objects’ detection, as well as remotely sensed data assimilation. The book is aimed at a wide audience, ranging from graduate students, university teachers and working scientists to policy makers and managers. Efforts have been made to highlight general principles as well as the state-of-the-art technologies in the field of SAR Oceanography.

Coastal Hazards Related to Storm Surge

Author:
ISBN: 9783038427117 9783038427124 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03842-712-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-16 13:24:01
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Globally, the risk associated with living in the coastal zone is substantial and rising due to large and growing populations, commerce and infrastructure; relative sea level rise; and the impacts of a warming climate on storm characteristics. The principal coastal hazards in much of the world are storm surge, coastal flooding and surface waves caused by severe tropical or extra-tropical storms. This volume presents state of the art research that extends our understanding of, and our ability to predict coastal hazards that are associated with storm surge. Fourteen papers cover topics ranging from predicting coupled surge and wave dynamics at multiple scales; erosion and scour; statistical considerations for hazard delineation; joint effects of climate change and storm surge; storm surge mitigation strategies and human response to storm surge threats. This work presents important advancements in our ability to predict, mitigate and respond to the principal hazard threatening most of the world's coastal areas. Recognizing these advancements and translating them into policy and practice are essential if we are to effectively manage coastal risk and create more resilient coastal communities in which to live, work and recreate.

Un monastero sul mare

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Biblioteca di Archeologica Medievale ISBN: 9788878146372 9788878146303 Year: Pages: 410 Language: Italian|English
Publisher: Insegna del Giglio Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 670792
Subject: Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-11 11:01:55
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The remains of the monastery of San Quirico stand on the slopes of Poggio Tondo, a hill not far from the ancient city of Populonia. They overlook the Tyrrhenian Sea, dotted with the islands of the Tuscan archipelago. Field research at this site, carried out in the first decade of the new millennium by two different teams, from Siena University and Venice’s Ca’ Foscari University, respectively, was part of ongoing efforts to expand the Baratti-Populonia Archeological Park, and to further explore the features present within it. This volume contains the results of this research work: a scientific publication of the excavation, and a critical analysis of the material found. Processing of the data collected during these investigations, together with a re-reading of written documentation, has made it possible to piece together the complex history of this important monastery, in a totally new narration. In this narration, the history of the monastery, and of the features which existed prior to it, are closely interwoven with the history of the promontory of Populonia and the surrounding area, ultimately producing a new overview which sets out the historical boundaries of this area, between Late Antiquity and the modern era.

H7 A Review of Biophysical Models of Marine Larval Dispersal (Book chapter)

Book title: Oceanography and Marine Biology

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Oceanography and Marine Biology : An Annual Review ISBN: 97803671314150 9780429026379 Year: Pages: 34 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-14 11:21:15
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Larval dispersal is arguably the most important but least understood demographic process in the sea.&#xD;The likelihood of a larva dispersing from its birthplace to successfully recruit in another location&#xD;is the culmination of many intrinsic and extrinsic factors that operate in early life. Empirically&#xD;estimating the resulting population connectivity has been immensely difficult because of the&#xD;challenges of studying and quantifying dispersal in the sea. Consequently, most estimates are based&#xD;on predictions from biophysical models. Although there is a long history of dispersal modelling,&#xD;there has been no comprehensive review of this literature. We conducted a systematic quantitative&#xD;review to address the following questions: (1) Is there any bias in the distribution of research effort&#xD;based on geographical or taxonomic coverage? (2) Are hydrodynamic models resolving ocean&#xD;circulation at spatial scales (resolution and extent) relevant to the dispersal process under study?&#xD;(3) Where, when and how many particles are being tracked, and is this effort sufficient to capture&#xD;the spatiotemporal variability in dispersal? (4) How is biological and/or behavioural complexity&#xD;incorporated into Lagrangian particle tracking models. (i.e. are key attributes of the dispersal&#xD;process well captured.)? Our review confirms strong taxonomic and geographic biases in published&#xD;work to date. We found that computational ‘effort’ (i.e. model resolution and particle number) has&#xD;not kept pace with dramatic increases in computer processor speed. We also identified a number of&#xD;shortcomings in the incorporation of biology, and behaviour specifically into models. Collectively,&#xD;these findings highlight some important gaps and key areas for improvement of biophysical models&#xD;that aspire to inform larval dispersal processes. In particular, we suggest the need for greater&#xD;emphasis on validation of model assumptions, as well as testing of dispersal predictions with&#xD;empirically derived data.

Tourism and Global Environmental Change

Authors: ---
Book Series: Contemporary Geographies of Leisure, Tourism and Mobility ISBN: 9780203011911 9780415361316 9780415361323 9781134234196 9781134234189 9781134234141 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203011911 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Sports Science --- Environmental Technology --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:05
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This fascinating book is the first comprehensive analysis of the economic, social and political interrelationships between tourism and global environmental change: one of the most significant issues facing humankind today. Its contributors argue that the impacts of these changes are potentially extremely serious both for the tourism industry, and for the communities dependent upon it. Integrating knowledge from the social and physical sciences, this significant book explores they key issues surrounding global environmental change, as well as government and industry willingness to meet the challenges posed by it. Divided into four main sections, it investigates: the tourism and global environmental change relationship in specific environments global issues related to environmental change differing perceptions of global environmental change held by tourists and the tourist industry. Comprehensive in scope, topical and integrative, this key text is essential reading for students, scholars and researchers in all aspects of tourism, geography and environmental studies.

Energy, Wealth and Governance in the Caucasus and Central Asia

Authors: ---
Book Series: Central Asia Research Forum ISBN: 9780203099803 9780415372060 9780415405775 9781134194155 9781134194148 9781134194100 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203099803 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:26
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Drawing upon recent progress in development economics and political science, the book provides fresh analysis of the Caucasus and Central Asia (CCA) countries transition to a market economy by tracing the impact of natural resource endowment. The book examines the synergies between energy-rich and energy-poor states and highlights the practical consequences of both well-managed and poorly-managed deployment of energy. Featuring contributions from prominent specialists on resource-driven economies, the book argues that unless CCA elites change the way in which they deploy natural resource, revenues regional development will fall short of its potential with possible disastrous consequences. The contributors apply the experience of the developing market economies to demonstrate that the region still holds considerable potential to become an important, stable supplier of raw materials and a source of industrial demand to the global economy. However, the CCA is equally likely to become a threat to the global economy as a consequence of the misuse of energy revenues to promote the interests of predatory political elites.

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