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The Lion That Didn't Roar

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ISBN: 9781760460259 Year: DOI: 10.22459/LDR.10.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-29 13:23:25
License: ANU Press

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In 2017 it will be Australia’s turn to chair the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme (KP), an international organisation set up to regulate the trade in diamonds. Diamonds are a symbol of love, purchased to celebrate marriage, and it is therefore deeply ironic that the diamond trade has become linked with warfare and human rights violations committed in African producer countries such as Sierra Leone, the Democratic Republic of Congo and, more recently, Zimbabwe and Angola. In their quest for diamonds, or by using diamonds to purchase weapons, armed groups in these countries have engaged in recruiting child soldiers, amputating limbs, and committing rape and murder. In response to the problem, the international community, non-governmental organisations and key industry players such as De Beers combined forces to create the Kimberley Process in 2002. The KP uses an export certificate system to distinguish the legitimate rough diamond trade from so-called ‘blood diamonds’, which are also known as ‘conflict diamonds’. This book considers the extent to which the KP, supported by other agencies at the international and national levels, has been effective in achieving its mandate. In so doing, it presents an original model derived from the domain of regulatory theory, the Dual Networked Pyramid, as a means of describing the operation of the system and suggesting possible improvements that might be made to it. Nigel Davidson spoke with 936 ABC Hobart about what Australia can do to help stop blood diamonds. Listen to the full interview here.

Asian Economic Integration in an Era of Global Uncertainty (PAFTAD)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760461751 Year: DOI: 10.22459/AEIEGU.01.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 11:02:19
License: ANU Press

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"The Pacific Trade and Development (PAFTAD) conference series has been at the forefront of analysing challenges facing the economies of East Asia and the Pacific since its first meeting in Tokyo in January 1968. The 38th PAFTAD conference met at a key time to consider international economic integration. Earlier in the year, the people of the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union and the United States elected Donald Trump as their next president on the back of an inward-looking ‘America First’ promise. Brexit and President Trump represent a growing, and worrying, trend towards protectionism in the North Atlantic countries that have led the process of globalisation since the end of the Second World War.&#xD;The chapters in the volume describe the state of play in Asian economic integration but, more importantly, look forward to the region’s future, and the role it might play in defending the global system that has underwritten its historic rise. Asia has the potential to stand as a bulwark against the dual threats of North Atlantic protectionism and slowing trade growth, but collective leadership will be needed regionally and difficult domestic reforms will be required in each country."

Keywords

asia --- economic policy --- trade --- globalisation

Alfred Flechtheim. Raubkunst und Restitution

Authors: ---
Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 05069408 ISBN: 9783110404975 Year: Volume: 110 Pages: 321,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110404975 Language: German / English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-27 13:08:38

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The tragic story of Alfred Flechtheim, his ideological defamation, and the loss of his art collection

Agriculture and Food Security in China

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ISBN: 9781921313646 Year: Pages: 420 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458797 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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China’s accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) has had profound consequences for the structure of its economy, and there will many more before the full benefits of an open trading regime will be realised. Agriculture and Food Security in China explains the background to China’s WTO accession and links accession to reforms beginning as far back as 1979. The book highlights China’s policymakers’ decision to move away from protectionism and gain self-sufficiency, and illustrates how China’s step away from direct participation in the agricultural sector to indirect regulatory involvement and liberalisation could encourage further economic growth.&#xD;&#xD;Yet not all economic growth is cost-free. Agriculture and Food Security in China explores the short-term impacts of WTO accession as well as the mid and long-term implications of greater market involvement at an economy-wide and regional level. Growing divides between coastal and inland regions—and differences in rural and urban growth—will require a better understanding of the consequences of greater market dependency.&#xD;&#xD;Agriculture and Food Security in China adds to the existing knowledge of China’s agricultural growth as well as the impacts and interrelationships between WTO accession and China’s participation in other regional free trade agreements.

The Economics of Geographical Indications

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ISBN: 9782940503209 9782940503216 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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This book seeks to contribute to an understanding of the role played by international trade law in shaping economic outcomes from a theoretical perspective. The focus is on geographical indications (GI), an intellectual property right defined in the TRIPs Agreement of the WTO. The premise is that a GI can be conceptualized as a ‘club asset’: firms that produce GI-labelled goods both add value and derive benefits from the GI. The book starts by presenting a dynamic model of GI reputation under...

Finishing Global Farm Trade Reform: implications for developing countries

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ISBN: 9781925261356 Year: DOI: 10.20851/agtrade Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:39
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This study reviews policy developments in recent years and, in the light of that, explores ways in which further consensus might be reached among WTO members to reduce farm trade distortions — and thereby also progress the multilateral trade reform agenda. Particular attention is given to ways that would boost well-being in developing countries, especially for those food-insecure households still suffering from poverty and hunger.

Steady Hands Needed

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781921536137 Year: Pages: 95 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459751 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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In this monograph, five former secretaries of the Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade (DFAT) reflect on their experiences and the challenges of their times. A far cry from the pukka fantasies of ‘Yes Minister’, their recollections reveal the realpolitik of the policy front line where the secretary must stay ahead of emerging themes and issues in Australia’s international relations while simultaneously exercising governance oversight and providing leadership to a large, professional, diverse and dispersed organisation. From the Cold War to the War on Terror; from the floating of the dollar to GATT and the WTO; managing relations big and small, within our region and without; through relentless administrative reforms, technological change and changes of government; steering DFAT requires ‘steady hands’. This collection of public lectures presented in 2006 to the Australian Institute of International Affairs (AIIA) offers an invaluable resource for those with an interest in recent Australian history, foreign policy and public sector administration

Potential Benefits of an Australia-EU Free Trade Agreement

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925261608 Year: Pages: 350 DOI: 10.20851/eu-trade Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:02
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"Since June 2018 Australia and the European Union have been negotiating a Free Trade Agreement. This book offers insights from recognised experts in the field, from Australia, Europe and Asia, on the potential economic benefits to be reaped from greater economic openness. It addresses issues of direct relevance to both negotiating teams as well as policy makers, academics, and business leaders across Australia and the European Union.&#xD;The book covers 21st century topics such as regulatory cooperation, global value chain connectivity and digital trade. Professional services, audiovisual services, financial services, investment, investor-state dispute settlement and government procurement are explored in depth; as is agriculture and food."&#xD;

Chinese Circulations

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780822348818 9780822393573 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102102
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-08 11:21:05
License: Duke University Press

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Chinese merchants have traded with Southeast Asia for centuries, sojourning and sometimes settling, during their voyages. These ventures have taken place by land and by sea, over mountains and across deserts, linking China with vast stretches of Southeast Asia in a broad, mercantile embrace. Chinese Circulations provides an unprecedented overview of this trade, its scope, diversity, and complexity. This collection of twenty groundbreaking essays foregrounds the commodities that have linked China and Southeast Asia over the centuries, including fish, jade, metal, textiles, cotton, rice, opium, timber, books, and edible birds’ nests. Human labor, the Bible, and the coins used in regional trade are among the more unexpected commodities considered. In addition to focusing on a certain time period or geographic area, each of the essays explores a particular commodity or class of commodities, following its trajectory from production, through exchange and distribution, to consumption.

Keywords

History --- China --- Southeast Asia --- Commodities --- Trade

Synchronized Factories: Latin America and the Caribbean in the Era of Global Value Chains

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ISBN: 9783319099903 9783319099910 Year: Pages: 141 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-09991-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-06 14:26:45
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The objective of this report is to examine the extent to which countries in Latin America and the Caribbean participate in global value chains and what are the drivers of such participation. Production processes have been increasingly fragmented worldwide. For example, the production of the Boeing 787 Dreamliner involves 43 suppliers located in 135 locations around the globe. There are many examples like the Dreamliner, from the 451 parts that go into the iPod to the less technologically intensive but still widespread multi-country production of a Barbie doll. All this reflects significant changes in the way world production is being reorganized across national borders. That is, for many goods, production has become a multi-country process in which different stages are carried out in specialized plants in different parts of the world. Countries which specialize in different stages of the production process are thus linked by these global value chains. For developing countries, a clear opportunity from the continuous international fragmentation of production arises in the form of participating in activities that were virtually not opened to them in the past. Therefore, the international fragmentation of production provides opportunities for trade diversification, an issue that can be of particular importance for Latin America and the Caribbean as the region’s export base is in general highly concentrated in a few industries and particularly biased towards natural-resource intensive sectors. The aim is to identify whether there is policy space for implementing strategies that allow countries to improve their position in regional and global value chains.

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