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27 Samhandling, Preparedness and Supply Chains (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9788202535025 Year: Pages: 16 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.36.ch27 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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"Supply-chain preparedness means to design inter-organisational structures,
to organise supply-chain resources, and to plan and train to ensure efficient
response if this is called for. Acknowledging that supply chains are made up of
two or more organisations, and that interaction describes relations between two or
more actors, the purpose of this research is to explore whether the introduction of
the concept of interaction (samhandling) to supply-chain thinking adds to our understanding
of efficiency and the effectiveness of logistics preparedness.
We position our work along three dimensions: a profit – non-profit classification,
a descriptive – normative dichotomy, and a micro – macro continuum. Information
was retrieved both through semi-structured interviews and by studying secondary
sources. Interaction and preparedness is assessed through an empirical case: the
operation Atalanta. By applying interactional indicators, enablers and barriers to
relationship success can be studied at both micro, meso, and macro levels. Without
understanding the mechanisms leading to interactional competence, success (or
the lack thereof) in supply-chain preparedness is difficult to address properly. Thus,
managers need to assess the interactional constructs at all levels when planning and
training for preparedness."

Decision Support for Biomass Value Chains for the Production of Biochemicals Considering Uncertainties

Author:
Book Series: Produktion und Energie / Karlsruher Institut für Technologie, Institut für Industriebetriebslehre und industrielle Produktion u. Deutsch-Französisches Institut für Umweltforschung ISSN: 21942404 ISBN: 9783731508205 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: XXVII, 429 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000084346 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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Value chains of bio-based chemicals are very complex. Hence, a strategic decision support tool for bioeconomic site and logistics planning is developed. It includes an integrated model and three sub-models: optimization for the locations and capacities of pretreatment plants, technical for technical and economic evaluations, risk for the evaluation of uncertainties. As a result, the model suggests a nearly optimal location and the associated logistic network for the production of biochemicals.

Vitamin E

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ISBN: 9783038429050 9783038429067 Year: Pages: VIII, 150 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-22 09:52:09
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Vitamin E is the major lipid-soluble antioxidant in the cell antioxidant system and is exclusively obtained from the diet. In 1922, vitamin E was discovered as a dietary factor essential for reproduction in rats. Meanwhile, vitamin E has revealed many more important molecular properties, such as the scavenging of reactive oxygen and nitrogen species with consequent prevention of the oxidative damage associated with many diseases. In addition, the modulation of signal transduction and gene expression in antioxidant and non-antioxidant manners was shown for vitamin E.This Special Issue highlights some of the recent advances in vitamin E research, showing on the one hand the status quo and providing, on the other hand, new insights into functions and physiological relevance. Thus, the current knowledge of tocochromanol biosynthesis in plants and future challenges regarding the understanding of its regulation are presented. Another paper describes the fate of vitamin E in the human gastrointestinal lumen during digestion. During the metabolism of vitamin E, the long-chain metabolites 13’-hydroxychromanol and 13’-carboxychromanol are formed by oxidative modification of the side-chain. Their occurrence in human serum indicates a physiological relevance. Another paper describes the membrane distribution of α-tocopherol in brain regions of adult rhesus monkeys, also looking for associations between membrane α-tocopherol and the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids.

Socioeconomics of Agriculture

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Economics ISSN: 2191-5504 ISBN: 9783319741406 9783319741413 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74141-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Agroscope
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 14:17:19
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This open access book applies for the first time emerging concepts of socioeconomics to analyse an economic sector, namely agriculture. It considers the rational choices of all actors in the system (just as agricultural economists do) and their cultural preferences and constraints (just as rural sociologists do). Socioeconomic concepts are subsequently used to structure agricultural issues with regard to the three governance mechanisms (hierarchy, markets, and cooperation), and different agricultural systems are presented and compared. The book will be of interest to social scientists with various backgrounds, and seeks to break down the barriers of single-disciplinary thinking.

Heterogeneity, High Performance Computing, Self-Organization and the Cloud

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Digital Business & Enabling Technologies ISBN: 9783319760377 9783319760384 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-76038-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan Grant: European Commission; Irish Centre for Cloud Computing and Commerce
Subject: Business and Management --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-20 18:56:40
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This open access book addresses the most recent developments in cloud computing such as HPC in the Cloud, heterogeneous cloud, self-organising and self-management, and discusses the business implications of cloud computing adoption. Establishing the need for a new architecture for cloud computing, it discusses a novel cloud management and delivery architecture based on the principles of self-organisation and self-management. This focus shifts the deployment and optimisation effort from the consumer to the software stack running on the cloud infrastructure. It also outlines validation challenges and introduces a novel generalised extensible simulation framework to illustrate the effectiveness, performance and scalability of self-organising and self-managing delivery models on hyperscale cloud infrastructures. It concludes with a number of potential use cases for self-organising, self-managing clouds and the impact on those businesses.

Current Strategies for the Biochemical Diagnosis and Monitoring of Mitochondrial Disease

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ISBN: 9783038972402 9783038972419 Year: Pages: 238 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-241-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Therapeutics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-16 10:00:26
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Mitochondrial disease constitutes a complex and heterogeneous group of disorders resulting from a defect in mitochondrial respiratory chain (MRC) enzyme activity. In view of the dual regulation of the MRC, exercised by both the mitochondrial and nuclear genome, mutations in either mitochondrial or nuclear DNA can result in a MRC deficiency. Whilst a single organ can be affected, MRC disorders often result in a multi-organ system presentation with prominent neurological and myopathic features. The diagnosis of MRC disorders can be complex, and requires a coordinated interplay of a number of disciplines. However, biochemical determination of metabolites in blood, cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) and/or urine are generally considered to be first-line investigations for the diagnosis of these disorders, although they lack sensitivity and specificity. Furthermore, there is a lack of consensus on the overall utility of monitoring other biochemical parameters, which may be of diagnostic value. For example, although oxidative stress may contribute to the pathogenesis of mitochondrial disorders, few centers monitor this as part of their diagnostic repertoire. Therefore, the purpose of this Special Issue was to highlight potential biomarkers of mitochondrial disease and to discuss the appropriateness of biochemical markers to monitor disease progression and therapeutic intervention.

Multi-Criteria Methods and Techniques Applied to Supply Chain Management

Author:
ISBN: 9781789233346 9781789233353 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71296 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book intends to be a complimentary reference for graduate and undergraduate courses of Business and Engineering. Readers not familiar with Multi-Criteria Decision Making (MCDM) and supply chain management (SCM) may have a first glance, reading isolate chapters. Moreover, the sequential order from Chapters 1 to 8 may be more instructive. Readers with expertise on MCDM or SCM will find interesting applications or proposals. The book also presents a systematic literature review, which confirms the leadership of analytic hierarchy process (AHP) and data envelopment analysis (DEA).

Nutrition and Liver Disease

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783038429234 9783038429241 Year: Pages: X, 148 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Internal medicine --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:47:05
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Malnutrition in people with liver disease is a challenging issue due to its multifactorial nature, which includes hypermetabolism, increased energy needs, malabsorption, and anorexia. Despite advances in both assessment and management, correct nutritional support is still an often-unanswered need in the care of these patients to avoid poor outcomes. One of the central issues remains how to improve muscolar mass of sarcopenic chronically malnourished individuals with end stage liver diseases and cirrhosis, as only a correct nutritional assessment and subsequent nutritional handling may enhance quality of life and disease outcome. Nutritional management is mandatory in certain inherited metabolic/genetic defects: in these patients specific dietary restrictions/supplementations represent a challenge to guarantee optimal growth and liver health.A nutraceutical approach dealing with hepatoprotective effects of specific nutrients, has been proposed for several chronic liver disease, mainly in obesity related liver disease and alcoholic liver disease. Finally, other challenges are represented by tailored nutritional intervention in improving gut–liver axis dysfunction also in parenteral nutrition/intestinal failure associated liver disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and celiac disease.The purpose of this Special Issue, “Nutrition and Liver Disease”, is to provide novel information and perspectives in the field of nutrition in liver disease and its management.

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