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Chapter 24 FOOD AS COMMONS (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781351665520 9781138062627 9781315161495 Year: Pages: 24 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:12

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This book was motivated by the need to approach with a fresh look what we regard as perhaps
the most embarrassing
predicament of the Anthropocene/Capitalocene (Capra and Mattei,
2015, Altvater et al., 2016, Moore, 2017). We live in an era with roughly the same number (about
one billion) of over-fed people and of people lacking access to nutritious food (which means
that do not know in the morning if they will be able to feed themselves and their children during
the day). Our era also stands out by the remarkable amount of food that is wasted in some
parts of the world and by the unprecedented number of livestock that populates this planet
(Patel and Moore, 2017). Moreover, in the current phase of neoliberal capitalism that dominates
in the Anthropocene/Capitalocene, the ecological footprint is out of control; some rich people
(the majority in the Global North and the elite in the Global South) can enjoy every day food
shipped from thousands of miles away on gas gulping aircrafts and boats that pollute the environment
beyond imagination. Such luxury, the result of the worldwide colonization of diets,
would be impossible without a very significant environmental subsidy; if all the externalities
had to be internalized, eating Nile Perch would be unaffordable to most people everywhere.
The subsidy is ultimately paid by the poor in the South and, in general, will certainly be paid
by future generations. Unless we deal with and avoid the hidden social and environmental costs
that are so far unaccounted for in the hegemonic food system (TEEB, 2018)


Food --- commons --- public --- civic --- private

Multi-dimensional Approaches Towards New Technology

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789811312328 Year: Pages: 337 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1232-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25

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This open access edited book captures the complexities and conflicts arising at the interface of intellectual property rights (IPR) and competition law. To do so, it discusses four specific themes: (a) policies governing functioning of standard setting organizations (SSOs), transparency and incentivising future innovation; (b) issue of royalties for standard essential patents (SEPs) and related disputes; (c) due process principles, procedural fairness and best practices in competition law; and (d) coherence of patent policies and consonance with competition law to support innovation in new technologies. Many countries have formulated policies and re-oriented their economies to foster technological innovation as it is seen as a major source of economic growth. At the same time, there have been tensions between patent laws and competition laws, despite the fact that both are intended to enhance consumer welfare. In this regard, licensing of SEPs has been debated extensively, although in most instances, innovators and implementers successfully negotiate licensing of SEPs. However, there have been instances where disagreements on royalty base and royalty rates, terms of licensing, bundling of patents in licenses, pooling of licenses have arisen, and this has resulted in a surge of litigation in various jurisdictions and also drawn the attention of competition/anti-trust regulators. Further, a lingering lack of consensus among scholars, industry experts and regulators regarding solutions and techniques that are apposite in these matters across jurisdictions has added to the confusion. This book looks at the processes adopted by the competition/anti-trust regulators to apply the principles of due process and procedural fairness in investigating abuse of dominance cases against innovators.

Agency Theory: Methodology, Analysis

Book Series: Forschungsergebnisse der Wirtschaftsuniversitaet Wien ISBN: 9783631529737 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.3726/b13920 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:25

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Designing a contract is often more of an economic than a legal problem. A good contract protects parties against opportunistic behavior while providing motivation to cooperate. This is where economics and, especially contract theory, may prove helpful by enhancing our understanding of incentive issues. The purpose of this book is to provide specific tools which will help to write better contracts in real world environments. Concentrating on moral hazard literature, this book derives a tentative checklist for drafting contracts. As an economic contribution to a field traditionally considered an art rather than a science, this treatment also gives much attention to methodological issues.

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