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Fundamentals for the Anthropocene

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ISBN: 9783110567311 Year: Pages: 135 DOI: 10.1515/9783110567311 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Statistics --- Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:35
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This book seeks to bridge the gap between leading edge scholarship about the nature of the physical, tangible Universe and the nature of the life process on Earth on the one hand, and on the other hand challenges facing human society as to the current revolution in energy sources, national and international levels of political and economic organization, and humanity`s impacts upon the global ecosystem which have given rise to the depiction of a new era in earthlife termed the anthropocene.The author`s public career included responsibilities for economic policy formulation and implementation at the United States Department of Justice, the United States Agency for International Development, and a White House Office of Consumer Affairs. This provided an elevated overview of many current economic and political issues.These responsibilities stimulated a multi-decade exploration of leading academics` insights into the relational structuring of the Universe, non-equilibrium thermodynamics, complexity in the universe, and the structure of the life process. This book applies such fundamental insights to the question whether humanity will succeed or fail in its ambitious but uncertain quest.

The Meaning of Space in Sign Language. Reference, Specificity and Structure in Catalan Sign Language Discourse

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Book Series: Sign Languages and Deaf Communities [SLDC] ISSN: 2192516X ISBN: 9781614518815 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: 290 DOI: 10.1515/9781614518815 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17
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Bringing together sign language linguistics and the semantics-pragmatics interface, this book focuses on the use of signing space in Catalan Sign Language (LSC). On the basis of small-scale corpus data, it provides an exhaustive description of referential devices dependent on space. The book provides insight into the study of meaning in the visual-spatial modality and into our understanding of the discourse behavior of spatial locations.

A Matter of Complexity. Subordination in Sign Languages

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Book Series: Sign Languages and Deaf Communities [SLDC] ISSN: 2192-516X ISBN: 9781501503238 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 262 DOI: 10.1515/9781501503238 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-19 12:37:27
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Since natural languages exist in two different modalities – the visual-gestural modality of sign languages and the auditory-oral modality of spoken languages – it is obvious that all fields of research in modern linguistics will benefit from research on sign languages. Although previous studies have provided important insights into a wide range of phenomena of sign languages, there are still many aspects of sign languages that have not yet been investigated thoroughly. The structure of subordinated clauses is a case in point. The study of these complex syntactic structures in the visual-gestural modality adds to our understanding of linguistic variation in the domain of subordination. Moreover, it offers new empirical and theoretical evidence concerning possible structures and functions of subordination in natural languages. And last but not least, it answers the question to what extent the corresponding morphosyntactic and prosodic strategies depend on the modality of articulation and perception. This volume represents the first collection of papers by leading experts in the field investigating topics that go beyond the analysis of simple clauses. It thus contributes in innovative ways to recent debates about syntax, prosody, semantics, discourse structure, and information structure and their complex interrelation.

Copular Clauses and Focus Marking in Sumerian

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ISBN: 9783110401691 9783110427349 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.2478/9783110401707 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:36:30
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This work is the first comprehensive description of Sumerian constructions involving a copula. Using around 400 fully glossed examples, it gives a thorough analysis of all uses of the copula, which is one of the least understood and most frequently misinterpreted and consequently mistranslated morphemes in Sumerian. It starts with a concise introduction into the grammatical structure of Sumerian, followed by a study that is accessible to both linguists and sumerologists, as it applies the terminology of modern descriptive linguistics. It provides the oldest known and documented example of the path of grammaticalization that leads from a copula to a focus marker. It gives the description of Sumerian copular paratactic relative clauses, which make use of an otherwise only scarcely attested relativization strategy. At the end of the book, the reader will have a clear picture about the morphological and syntactic devices used to mark identificational, polarity and sentence focus in Sumerian, one of the oldest documented languages in the world.

Movable Inn. The Rural Jewish Population of Minsk Guberniya in 1793-1914

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ISBN: 9783110576092 Year: Pages: 246 DOI: 10.1515/9783110576092 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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The book presents the results of a systematic survey, the first of its kind, on the rural Jews in the Minsk Guberniya, from its establishment as a major administrative unit within the Russian Empire in 1793, to the outbreak of the First World War in 1914.

Word Knowledge and Word Usage. A Cross-Disciplinary Guide to the Mental Lexicon

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Book Series: Trends in Linguistics. Studies and Monographs [TiLSM] ISSN: 1861-4302 ISBN: 9783110440577 Year: Volume: 337 Pages: 725 DOI: 10.1515/9783110440577 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-08 10:43:30
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Word storage and processing define a multi-factorial domain of scientific inquiry whose thorough investigation goes well beyond the boundaries of traditional disciplinary taxonomies, to require synergic integration of a wide range of methods, techniques and empirical and experimental findings. The present book intends to approach a few central issues concerning the organization, structure and functioning of the Mental Lexicon, by asking domain experts to look at common, central topics from complementary standpoints, and discuss the advantages of developing converging perspectives. The book will explore the connections between computational and algorithmic models of the mental lexicon, word frequency distributions and information theoretical measures of word families, statistical correlations across psycho-linguistic and cognitive evidence, principles of machine learning and integrative brain models of word storage and processing. Main goal of the book will be to map out the landscape of future research in this area, to foster the development of interdisciplinary curricula and help single-domain specialists understand and address issues and questions as they are raised in other disciplines.

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