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Chapter 3 Global migration governance, civil society and the paradoxes of sustainability (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Rethinking Globalizations ISBN: 9780367147266 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:03
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Against the presentation of an asymmetric global governance, this article&#xD;analyzes the formation of global migration governance with its focus on the&#xD;politics of migration and development. It traces the marginalization of a&#xD;rights-based approach to migration and the streamlining of migration&#xD;governance into business-friendly migration management and a geopolitical&#xD;securitization agenda. It also reviews the trajectory towards factoring&#xD;migration into a global development policy discourse as formulated in the&#xD;UN 2030 Development Agenda. Specifically, it indicates that the inclusion of&#xD;migration into the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) may promote&#xD;migrant workers’ rights because several of these invoke universal human&#xD;rights instruments, social protection and the observance of the ILO decent&#xD;work agenda. However, this will only be possible if civil society critically&#xD;engages powerful state and non-state actors in the process of monitoring the&#xD;SDGs’ implementation, and resists their streamlining into investment and free&#xD;trade neoliberal development regimes.

Skilled Labor Mobility and Migration

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ISBN: 9781788116169 9781788116176 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.4337/9781788116176 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-22 13:32:28
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One of the primary objectives of the ASEAN Economic Community (AEC), established in 2015, was to boost skilled labor mobility within the region. This insightful book takes stock of the existing trends and patterns of skilled labor migration in the ASEAN. It endeavors to identify the likely winners and losers from the free movement of natural persons within the region through counterfactual policy simulations. Finally, it discusses existing issues and obstacles through case studies, as well as other sectoral examples.

Energopolitics

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Book Series: Wind and Power in the Anthropocene ISBN: 9781478004394 9781478003137 Year: Pages: 280 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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Between 2009 and 2013 Cymene Howe and Dominic Boyer conducted fieldwork in Mexico's Isthmus of Tehuantepec to examine the political, social, and ecological dimensions of moving from fossil fuels to wind power. Their work manifested itself as a new ethnographic form: the duograph—a combination of two single-authored books that draw on shared fieldsites, archives, and encounters that can be productively read together, yet can also stand alone in their analytic ambitions. In his volume, Energopolitics, Boyer examines the politics of wind power and how it is shaped by myriad factors, from the legacies of settler colonialism and indigenous resistance to state bureaucracy and corporate investment. Drawing on interviews with activists, campesinos, engineers, bureaucrats, politicians, and bankers, Boyer outlines the fundamental impact of energy and fuel on political power. Boyer also demonstrates how large conceptual frameworks cannot adequately explain the fraught and uniquely complicated conditions on the isthmus, illustrating the need to resist narratives of anthropocenic universalism and to attend to local particularities.&#xD;

Keywords

anthropocene --- energy --- power --- development --- Mexico

Tracing the consequences of child poverty

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781447348368 Year: Pages: 204 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-15 11:21:03
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Available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. Using life course analysis from the Young Lives study of 12,000 children growing up in Ethiopia, India, Peru and Vietnam over the past 15 years, this book draws on evidence on two cohorts of children, aged from 1 to 15 and from 8 to 22. It examines how poverty affects children’s development in low and middle income countries, and how policy has been used to improve their lives, then goes on to show when key developmental differences occur. It uses new evidence to develop a framework of what matters most and when and outlines effective policy approaches to inform the no-one left behind Sustainable Development Goal agenda.&#xD;

Structure and Function of Chloroplasts

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889457137 Year: Pages: 279 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-713-7 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Botany
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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Chloroplasts are plant cell organelles that convert light energy into relatively stable chemical energy via the photosynthetic process. By doing so, they sustain life on Earth. Chloroplasts also provide diverse metabolic activities for plant cells, including the synthesis of fatty acids, membrane lipids, isoprenoids, tetrapyrroles, starch, and hormones. The biogenesis, morphogenesis, protection and senescence of chloroplasts are essential for maintaining a proper structure and function of chloroplasts, which will be the theme of this Research Topic. Chloroplasts are enclosed by an envelope of two membranes which encompass a third complex membrane system, the thylakoids, including grana and lamellae. In addition, starch grains, plastoglobules, stromules, eyespots, pyrenoids, etc. are also important structures of chloroplasts. It is widely accepted that chloroplasts evolved from a free-living photosynthetic cyanobacterium, which was engulfed by a eukaryotic cell. Chloroplasts retain a minimal genome, most of the chloroplast proteins are encoded by nuclear genes and the gene products are transported into the chloroplast through complex import machinery. The coordination of nuclear and plastid genome expressions establishes the framework of both anterograde and retrograde signaling pathways. As the leaf develops from the shoot apical meristem, proplastids and etioplastids differentiate into chloroplasts. Chloroplasts are divided by a huge protein complex, also called the plastid-dividing (PD) machinery, and their division is also regulated by many factors to get an optimized number and size of chloroplasts in the cell. These processes are fundamental for the biogenesis and three-dimensional dynamic structure of chloroplasts.During the photosynthesis, reactive oxygen species (ROS) and other cellular signals can be made. As an important metabolic hub of the plant cell, the chloroplast health has been found critical for a variety of abiotic and biotic stresses, including drought, high light, cold, heat, oxidative stresses, phosphate deprivation, and programmed cell death at sites of infection. Therefore, a better understanding the responses of chloroplasts to these stresses is part of knowing how the plant itself responds. Ultimately, this knowledge will be necessary to engineer crops more resistant to common stresses.With the current global environment changes, world population growth, and the pivotal role of chloroplasts in carbon metabolism, it is of great significance to represent the advancement in this field, for science and society. Tremendous progresses have been made in the field of chloroplast biology in recent years. Through concerted efforts from the community, greater discoveries definitely will emerge in the future.

Destination London

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781912656271 9781912656264 9781912656288 9781912656295 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.16997/book35 Language: English
Publisher: University of Westminster Press Grant: University of Westminster
Subject: Political Science --- Geography --- Social Sciences --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:06
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London is one of the world’s most popular destinations and visitors contribute approximately £14.9 billion of expenditure to the city every year. Its tourism and events sectors are growing and over the last few years London has received more visitors than ever before. However, detailed accounts of the city’s visitor economy are conspicuously absent. This book analyses how the capital is developing as a destination through the expansion of tourism and events into new urban spaces. The book outlines how parts of London not previously regarded as tourist territory are now subject to the visitor gaze with tourism spreading beyond established central zones into peripheral, suburban and residential areas – in part propelled by a big rise in peer to peer accommodation use. Simultaneously, London’s airports and sports stadiums and their surrounds are becoming destinations in their own right. New vantage points have been created, allowing tourists to explore the city: from above, at night-time or through tours given by the homeless; via the opening up of the River Thames; or through the transformation of local parks into eventscapes. The book explores these trends and shows how urban destinations expand. In doing so, it enhances our understanding of London and highlights the growing significance of tourism and events in global cities.&#xD;

Civilising rural Ireland

Author:
ISBN: 9781526124579 Year: Pages: 248 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: University Of Manchester
Subject: Business and Management --- Political Science --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-18 11:21:04
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Civilising Rural Ireland examines how modern Ireland emerged out of the social and economic transformation prompted by the rural co-operative movement. The movement emerged in response to systemic economic problems that arose throughout the nineteenth century and coincided with a wide-ranging project of cultural nationalism. Within a short space of time the co-operative movement established a swathe of creameries, agricultural societies and credit societies, leading to a radical reorganisation of rural Ireland and helping to create a distinctive Irish political economy. The work of overlooked co-operative experts is critically examined for the first time and reinserted into the process of state development. The interventions of these organisers, intellectuals and farmers built up key institutions that shaped everyday life across rural communities. The movement weathered war and revolution, to become an indispensable part of an Irish state infrastructure after independence in 1922. The strained relationship and economic rivalry that developed between Irish and British co-operators is also explored in order to illuminate the changing relationship between Ireland and the United Kingdom from an economic perspective. Civilising Rural Ireland will appeal to a wide audience interested in modern Irish history and readers are introduced to an eclectic range of personalities who shared an interest in co-operation and whose actions possessed important consequences for the way Ireland developed. The creative use of local and national sources, many of which are examined for the first time, mean the book offers a new perspective on an important period in the making of modern Ireland. &#xD;

7 Urban ecosystem services and stakeholders (Book chapter)

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9780815387213 9780815387213 9780815387220 9781351173643 Year: Pages: 20 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:26
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This chapter argues that the discussion of urban sustainability is in urgent need of&#xD;new understanding of how ecosystem services are generated in places where human&#xD;and non-human stakeholders interact within the urban landscape. More than half of&#xD;the world’s population currently lives in urban areas, and the rate of urbanisation is&#xD;estimated to increase rapidly in the next three decades ( United Nations, 2014 ). This&#xD;scale of urbanisation strains both urban and rural ecosystems, which are required&#xD;to provide nutrition, clean water, fresh air, recreational opportunities, wellbeing and&#xD;other life-supporting and life-enhancing opportunities to urban dwellers ( Chiesura&#xD;and de Groot, 2003 ; Fischer and Eastwood, 2016 ; Standish, Hobbs, and Miller, 2013 ).&#xD;Amidst such challenges as rapid urbanisation and abrupt climatic changes, ecosystem&#xD;services are needed to provide the material and non-material benefi ts required&#xD;to keep ever-growing cities liveable ( Alberti, 2016 ; Andersson et al., 2014 ; Finco and&#xD;Nijkamp, 2001 ; Rees and Wackernagel, 1996 ). However, the current understanding&#xD;of ecosystem services is inadequate, and the extant research has been criticised for&#xD;both its anthropocentric bias and its focus on instrumental and monetary valuations&#xD;of ecosystem services ( Pelenc and Ballet, 2015 ; Schröter et al., 2014 ). Moreover, the&#xD;lack of a detailed elaboration of the socio-ecological interface of ecosystem services&#xD;has resulted in the continued segregation of human and non-human processes in&#xD;ecosystem service generation ( Andersson, Barthel, and Ahrné, 2007 ; Fischer and&#xD;Eastwood, 2016 ; Maes et al., 2012 )

Selected Papers from SDEWES 2017: The 12th Conference on Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783038973966 / 9783038973973 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-397-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Mechanical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-04 12:23:05
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EU energy policy is more and more promoting a resilient, efficient and sustainable energy system. Several agreements have been signed in the last few months that set ambitious goals in terms of energy efficiency and emission reductions and to reduce the energy consumption in buildings. These actions are expected to fulfill the goals negotiated at the Paris Agreement in 2015. The successful development of this ambitious energy policy needs to be supported by scientific knowledge: a huge effort must be made in order to develop more efficient energy conversion technologies based both on renewables and fossil fuels. Similarly, researchers are also expected to work on the integration of conventional and novel systems, also taking into account the needs for the management of the novel energy systems in terms of energy storage and devices management. Therefore, a multi-disciplinary approach is required in order to achieve these goals. To ensure that the scientists belonging to the different disciplines are aware of the scientific progress in the other research areas, specific Conferences are periodically organized. One of the most popular conferences in this area is the Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems (SDEWES) Series Conference. The 12th Sustainable Development of Energy, Water and Environment Systems Conference was recently held in Dubrovnik, Croatia. The present Special Issue of Energies, specifically dedicated to the 12th SDEWES Conference, is focused on five main fields: energy policy and energy efficiency in smart energy systems, polygeneration and district heating, advanced combustion techniques and fuels, biomass and building efficiency.

Negotiating Gender Equity in the Global South

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Routledge ISS Gender, Sexuality and Development Studies ISBN: 9780815372356 9781351245623 Year: Pages: 262 Language: English
Publisher: Routledge
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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The fact that women have achieved higher levels of political inclusion within low- and middle-income countries has generated much speculation about whether this is reaping broader benefits in tackling gender-based inequalities. This book uncovers the multiple political dynamics that influence governments to adopt and implement gender equity policies, pushing the debate beyond simply the role of women’s inclusion in influencing policy. Bringing the politics of development into discussion with feminist literature on women's empowerment, the book proposes the new concept of ‘power domains’ as a way to capture how inter-elite bargaining, coalitional politics, and social movement activism combine to shape policies that promote gender equity.&#xD;&#xD;In particular, the book investigates the conditions under which countries in sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia have adopted legislation against domestic violence, which remains widespread in many developing countries. The book demonstrates that women’s presence in formal politics and policy spaces does not fully explain the pace in adopting and implementing domestic violence law. Underlying drivers of change within broader domains of power also include the role of clientelistic politics and informal processes of bargaining, coalition-building, and persuasion; the discursive framing of gender-equitable ideas; and how transnational norms influence women’s political inclusion and gender-inclusive policy outcomes. The comparative approach across Uganda, Rwanda, South Africa, Ghana, India, and Bangladesh demonstrates how advancing gender equality varies by political context and according to the interests surrounding a particular issue.

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