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Social Media in Emergent Brazil

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Book Series: Why we post ISBN: 9781787351653 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787351653 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Ethnology --- Anthropology --- Sociology --- Media and communication --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-25 11:01:54
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Since the popularisation of the internet, low-income Brazilians have received little government support to help them access it. In response, they have largely self-financed their digital migration. Internet cafés became prosperous businesses in working-class neighbourhoods and rural settlements, and, more recently, families have aspired to buy their own home computer with hire purchase agreements. As low-income Brazilians began to access popular social media sites in the mid-2000s, affluent Brazilians ridiculed their limited technological skills, different tastes and poor schooling, but this did not deter them from expanding their online presence. Young people created profiles for barely literate older relatives and taught them to navigate platforms such as Facebook and WhatsApp. Based on 15 months of ethnographic research, this book aims to understand why low-income Brazilians have invested so much of their time and money in learning about social media. Juliano Spyer explores this question from a number of perspectives, including education, relationships, work and politics. He argues that social media is the way for low-income Brazilians to stay connected to the family and friends they see in person on a regular basis, which suggests that social media serves a crucial function in strengthening traditional social relations

Keywords

facebook --- brazil --- anthropology --- ethnography

Social Media in an English Village

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781910634448 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781910634431 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-03 11:01:13
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Daniel Miller spent 18 months undertaking an ethnographic study with the residents of an English village, tracking their use of the different social media platforms. Following his study, he argues that a focus on platforms such as Facebook, Twitter and Instagram does little to explain what we post on social media. Instead, the key to understanding how people in an English village use social media is to appreciate just how ‘English’ their usage has become. He introduces the ‘Goldilocks Strategy’: how villagers use social media to calibrate precise levels of interaction ensuring that each relationship is neither too cold nor too hot, but ‘just right’.

Keywords

culture --- social media --- society --- ethnography

Social Media in Northern Chile

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781910634592 Year: Pages: 224 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781910634592 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-07 11:01:04
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Based on 15 months of ethnographic research in the city of Alto Hospicio in northern Chile, this book describes how the residents use social media, and the consequences of this use in their daily lives. Nell Haynes argues that social media is a place where Alto Hospicio’s residents – or Hospiceños – express their feelings of marginalisation that result from living in city far from the national capital, and with a notoriously low quality of life compared to other urban areas in Chile. In actively distancing themselves from residents in cities such as Santiago, Hospiceños identify as marginalised citizens, and express a new kind of social norm. Yet Haynes finds that by contrasting their own lived experiences with those of people in metropolitan areas, Hospiceños are strengthening their own sense of community and the sense of normativity that shapes their daily lives. This exciting conclusion is illustrated by the range of social media posts about personal relationships, politics and national citizenship, particularly on Facebook.

Social Media in Rural China

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Book Series: Why We Post ISBN: 9781910634691 Year: Pages: 234 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781910634691 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 295486
Subject: Ethnology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-29 11:01:18
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China’s distinctive social media platforms have gained notable popularity among the nation’s vast number of internet users, but has China’s countryside been ‘left behind’ in this communication revolution? Tom McDonald spent 15 months living in a small rural Chinese community researching how the residents use social media in their daily lives. His ethnographic findings suggest that, far from being left behind, social media is already deeply integrated into the everyday experience of many rural Chinese people.

Keywords

culture --- social media --- society --- ethnography

Chapter 6 Double agent? (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138580237 9781138580251 9780429507489 Year: Pages: 18 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-21 11:21:02
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This chapter will focus on the positionality of a teacher-researcher as a moral agent (Macfarlane 2009) when conducting ethnography. As Guillemin and Gillam above, I find the double role of a teacher-researcher informing all the phases of the research. Therefore, reflection is also needed, not only as the final phase of the research project, but throughout the process. I will discuss ethical considerations concerning both the students and the colleagues, moments of reflection and my solutions on how to define the topics and design the methods when conducting ethnography in my own educational community.

Productive Fandom

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ISBN: 9789089649386 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789089649386 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:03
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This book offers a media ethnography of the digital culture, conventions, and urban spaces associated with fandoms, arguing that fandom is an area of productive, creative, and subversive value.

Paleonutrition

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9780816527946 9780816539222 Year: DOI: 10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816539222 Language: English
Publisher: University of Arizona Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102403
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:04
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The study of paleonutrition provides valuable insights into shifts and changes in human history. This is the most comprehensive book on the topic. Intended for students and professionals, it describes the nature of paleonutrition studies, reviews the history of research, discusses methodological issues in the reconstruction of prehistoric diets, presents theoretical frameworks frequently used in research, and showcases examples in which analyses have been successfully conducted on prehistoric individuals, groups, and populations. It offers an integrative approach to understanding state-of-the-art anthropological dietary, health, and nutritional assessments. The most recent and innovative methods used to reconstruct prehistoric diets are discussed, along with the major ways in which paleonutrition data are recovered, analyzed, and interpreted. The book includes five contemporary case studies that illustrate the mutually beneficial linkages between ethnography and archaeology.

Dwelling in Political Landscapes

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Anthropologica ISBN: 9789518581140 9789518580877 9789518581133 Year: Pages: 296 DOI: 10.21435/sfa.4 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:06
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People all over the globe are experiencing unprecedented and often hazardous situations as environments change at speeds never before experienced. This edited collection proposes that anthropological perspectives on landscape have great potential to address the resulting conundrums. The contributions build particularly on phenomenological, structuralist and multi-species approaches to environmental perception and experience, but they also argue for incorporating political power into analysis alongside dwelling, cosmology and everyday practice. The book’s 13 ethnographically rich chapters explore how the material and the conceptual are entangled in and as landscapes, but it also looks at how these processes unfold at many scales in time and space, involving different actors with different powers. Thus it reaches towards new methodologies and new ways of using anthropology to engage with the sense of crisis concerning environment, movements of people, climate change and other planetary transformations. Dwelling in political landscapes: contemporary anthropological perspectives builds substantially upon anthropological work by Tim Ingold and others, which emphasises the ongoing and open-ended, yet historically conditioned ways in which humans and nonhumans produce the environments they inhabit. In such work, landscapes are understood as the medium and outcome of meaningful life activities, where humans, like other animals, dwell. This means that landscapes are neither social/cultural nor natural, but socio-natural. Protesting against and moving on from the proverbial dualisms of modern, Western and maybe capitalist thought, is only the first step in renewing anthropology’s methodology for the current epoch, however. The contributions ask how seemingly disconnected temporal, representational, economic and other systemic dynamics fold back on lived experience that are materialised in landscapes. &#xD;

Nuaulu Religious Practices; The frequency and reproduction of rituals in a Moluccan society

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183918 9789004253452 Year: Volume: 283 Pages: xxviii, 356 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_421930 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-29 10:36:18
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How religious practices are reproduced has become a major theoretical issue. This work examines data on Nuaulu ritual performances collected over a 30 year period, comparing different categories of event in terms of frequency and periodicity. It seeks to identify the influencing factors and the consequences for continuity. Such an approach enables a focus on related issues: variation in performance, how rituals change in relation to material and social conditions, the connections between different ritual types, the way these interact as cycles, and the extent to which fidelity of transmission is underpinned by a common model or repertoire of elements.&#xD;This monograph brings to completion a long-term study of the religious behaviour of the Nuaulu, a people of the island of Seram in the Indonesian province of Maluku. Ethnographically, it is important for several reasons: the Nuaulu are one of the few animist societies remaining on Seram; the data emphasize patterns of practices in a part of Indonesia where studies have hitherto been more concerned with meaning and symbolic classification; and because Nuaulu live in an area where recent political tension has been between Christians and Muslims. Nuaulu are, paradoxically, both caught between these two groups, and apart from them.&#xD;Roy Ellen is Professor of Anthropology and Human Ecology at the University of Kent, a Fellow of The British Academy, and was president of the Royal Anthropological Institute between 2007 and 2011. He was trained at the London School of Economics and at the University of Leiden. Among his other books are The cultural relations of classification (on Nuaulu animal categories) and On the edge of the Banda zone (on trade in east Seram).

Where is the Field?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789522227621 9789522223883 9789522227621 9789522227614 Year: Pages: 221 DOI: 10.21435/sfe.14 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:42
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The book sheds light on the experiences of immigrants in different parts of the world and other insightful reflections on the art of carrying out fieldwork in the present day, when the task of locating the ‘field’ seems to present a particular challenge for researchers. This book is of interest to experienced ethnographers working in the discipline of migration studies and also to scholars conducting ethnographic research in other fields.&#xD;

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