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The Train Journey

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Book Series: War and Genocide ISBN: 9781571812681 9781785334771 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_629151 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100273
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-18 11:01:33
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Deportations by train were critical in the Nazis’ genocidal vision of the “Final Solution of the Jewish Question.” Historians have estimated that between 1941 and 1944 up to three million Jews were transported to their deaths in concentration and extermination camps. In his writings on the “Final Solution,” Raul Hilberg pondered the role of trains: “How can railways be regarded as anything more than physical equipment that was used, when the time came, to transport the Jews from various cities to shooting grounds and gas chambers in Eastern Europe?” This book explores the question by analyzing victims’ experiences at each stage of forced relocation: the round-ups and departures from the ghettos, the captivity in trains, and finally, the arrival at the camps. Utilizing a variety of published memoirs and unpublished testimonies, the book argues that victims experienced train journeys as mobile chambers, comparable in importance to fixed locations of persecution such as ghettos and camps.

Keywords

History

Driving Modernity

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Book Series: Explorations in Mobility ISBN: 9781785334498 9781785334726 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_632447 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100113
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-21 11:02:05
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On March 26th, 1923, in a formal ceremony, construction of the Milan–Alpine Lakes autostrada officially began, the preliminary step toward what would become the first European motorway. That Benito Mussolini himself participated in the festivities indicates just how important the project was to Italian Fascism. This book recounts the twisting fortunes of the autostrada, which—alongside railways, aviation, and other forms of mobility—Italian authorities hoped would spread an ideology of technological nationalism. It explains how Italy ultimately failed to realize its mammoth infrastructural vision, addressing the political and social conditions that made a coherent plan of development impossible.

Keywords

History

Designing Worlds: National Design Histories in an Age of Globalization

Author:
Book Series: Making Sense of History ISBN: 9781785334467 Year: Pages: 296 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books
Subject: Arts in general --- History --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-23 19:11:15
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From consumer products to architecture to advertising to digital technology, design is an undeniably global phenomenon. Yet despite their professed transnational perspective, historical studies of design have all too often succumbed to a bias toward Western, industrialized nations. This diverse but rigorously curated collection recalibrates our understanding of design history, reassessing regional and national cultures while situating them within an international context. Here, contributors from five continents offer nuanced studies that range from South Africa to the Czech Republic, all the while sensitive to the complexities of local variation and the role of nation-states in identity construction.

Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany

Author:
Book Series: Studies in German History ISBN: 9781782382461 9781785336577 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101584
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-26 11:01:02
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The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in this volume. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years. These topics include case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. The collection also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and uses the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.

Submerged on the Surface

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ISBN: 9781785334559 9781785334740 9781785334740 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101573
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-12 11:21:03
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"Between 1941 and 1945, some 6,500 Berlin Jews, in fear for their lives, made the choice to flee their impending deportations and live submerged in the shadows of the capital of Nazi Germany. The experience was brutally difficult, and most did not survive. Yet the experiences of 1,700 who did demonstrate a remarkable and hitherto unconsidered level of agency among the survivors. This book sheds light on the daily life of those who hid and on the city that was both the source of their persecution and the site of their survival."

Evidence, ethos, and experiment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780857450937 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_478050 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust - 074772
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:09

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Medical research has been central to biomedicine in Africa for over a century, and Africa, along with other tropical areas, has been crucial to the development of medical science. At present, study populations in Africa participate in an increasing number of medical research projects and clinical trials, run by both public institutions and private companies. Global debates about the politics and ethics of this research are growing and local concerns are prompting calls for social studies of the “trial communities” produced by this scientific work. Drawing on rich, ethnographic and historiographic ­­­material, this volume represents the emergent field of anthropological inquiry that links Africanist ethnography to recent concerns with science, the state, and the culture of late capitalism in Africa.

Remapping Knowledge

Author:
Book Series: Making Sense of History ISBN: 9781845450816 9781785336614 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101589
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:53
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The growing interdependence of the local and the global demand innovative approaches to human development. Such approaches, the author argues, ought to be based on the emerging ethics of global intelligence, defined as the ability to understand, respond to, and work toward what will benefit all human beings and will support and enrich all life on this planet. As no national or supranational authority can predefine or predetermine it, global intelligence involves long-term, collective learning processes and can emerge only from continuing intercultural research, dialogue, and cooperation. In this book, the author elaborates the basic principles of a new field of intercultural studies, oriented toward global intelligence. He proposes concrete research and educational programs that would help create intercultural learning environments designed to stimulate sustainable human development throughout the world.

Studying Trial Communities: Anthropological and Historical Inquiries into Ethos, Politics and Economy of Medical Research in Africa (Book chapter)

Book title: Evidence, ethos, and experiment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780857450920 9780857450937 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust - 074772
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Medical research has been central to biomedicine in Africa for over a century, and Africa, along with other tropical areas, has been crucial to the development of medical science. At present, study populations in Africa participate in an increasing number of medical research projects and clinical trials, run by both public institutions and private companies. Global debates about the politics and ethics of this research are growing and local concerns are prompting calls for social studies of the “trial communities” produced by this scientific work. Drawing on rich, ethnographic and historiographic ­­­material, this volume represents the emergent field of anthropological inquiry that links Africanist ethnography to recent concerns with science, the state, and the culture of late capitalism in Africa.

Parasite Lost: Remembering Modern Times with Kenyan Government Medical Scientists (Book chapter)

Book title: Evidence, ethos, and experiment

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780857450920 9780857450937 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust - 074772
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:05
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Abstract

Medical research has been central to biomedicine in Africa for over a century, and Africa, along with other tropical areas, has been crucial to the development of medical science. At present, study populations in Africa participate in an increasing number of medical research projects and clinical trials, run by both public institutions and private companies. Global debates about the politics and ethics of this research are growing and local concerns are prompting calls for social studies of the “trial communities” produced by this scientific work. Drawing on rich, ethnographic and historiographic ­­­material, this volume represents the emergent field of anthropological inquiry that links Africanist ethnography to recent concerns with science, the state, and the culture of late capitalism in Africa.

Chapter 2 Becoming and Belonging in African Historical Demography, 1900–2000 (Book chapter)

Author:
ISBN: 9781785336058 9781785336041 Year: Pages: 29 Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: Sociology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:11
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In the last forty years anthropologists have made major contributions to understanding the heterogeneity of reproductive trends and processes underlying them. Fertility transition, rather than the story of the triumphant spread of Western birth control rationality, reveals a diversity of reproductive means and ends continuing before, during, and after transition. This collection brings together anthropological case studies, placing them in a comparative framework of compositional demography and conjunctural action. The volume addresses major issues of inequality and distribution which shape population and social structures, and in which fertility trends and the formation and size of families are not decided solely or primarily by reproduction.&#xD;In this chapter, I address these questions in relation to the&#xD;Counting Souls Project1 through two frameworks described by&#xD;Kreager and Bochow in the introduction to this volume.

Keywords

Demography --- history --- Africa

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