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Meaning-Making for Living

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Psychology ISBN: 9783030199265 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19926-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:11
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This Open Access Brief analyzes the dynamics in which children’s selves emerge through their everyday activities of meaning construction, both in their relationships with family and within school education. It begins with a discussion of new psychological inquiries into children's selves and builds upon the innovative theoretical notion of the Presentational Self, developed by the author over the last decade. The book illustrates how the observation of children’s meaning construction in their everyday lives becomes a starting point for theoretical and empirical inquiries into child development and gives a framework that promotes new inquiries in this area. The book describes the Presentational Self Theory as a sense of how the notion of the Self is being worked upon in everyday life encounters. Chapters feature in-depth analyses of exchanges between adults and children in the Japanese cultural context. Meaning-Making for Living will be of interest to researchers and graduate students in the fields of cognitive, social, developmental, educational, and cultural psychology.

The Biopsychosocial Model of Health and Disease

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030118990 Year: Pages: 149 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11899-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 605994
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychiatry --- Psychology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:10
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This open access book is a systematic update of the philosophical and scientific foundations of the biopsychosocial model of health, disease and healthcare. First proposed by George Engel 40 years ago, the Biopsychosocial Model is much cited in healthcare settings worldwide, but has been increasingly criticised for being vague, lacking in content, and in need of reworking in the light of recent developments. The book confronts the rapid changes to psychological science, neuroscience, healthcare, and philosophy that have occurred since the model was first proposed and addresses key issues such as the model’s scientific basis, clinical utility, and philosophical coherence. The authors conceptualise biology and the psychosocial as in the same ontological space, interlinked by systems of communication-based regulatory control which constitute a new kind of causation. These are distinguished from physical and chemical laws, most clearly because they can break down, thus providing the basis for difference between health and disease. This work offers an urgent update to the model’s scientific and philosophical foundations, providing a new and coherent account of causal interactions between the biological, the psychological and social.

Understanding Willing Participants, Volume 2

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ISBN: 9783319979991 Year: Pages: 328 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-97999-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:14
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Horrified by the Holocaust, social psychologist Stanley Milgram wondered if he could recreate the Holocaust in the laboratory setting. Unabated for more than half a century, his (in)famous results have continued to intrigue scholars. Based on unpublished archival data from Milgram’s personal collection, volume one of this two-volume set introduces readers to a behind the scenes account showing how during Milgram’s unpublished pilot studies he step-by-step invented his official experimental procedure—how he gradually learnt to transform most ordinary people into willing inflictors of harm. The open access volume two then illustrates how certain innovators within the Nazi regime used the very same Milgram-like learning techniques that with increasing effectiveness gradually enabled them to also transform most ordinary people into increasingly capable executioners of other men, women, and children. Volume two effectively attempts to capture how step-by-step these Nazi innovators attempted to transform the Führer’s wish of a Jewish-free Europe into a frightening reality. By the books’ end the reader will gain an insight into how the seemingly undoable can become increasingly doable.

Play-Responsive Teaching in Early Childhood Education

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: International Perspectives on Early Childhood Education and Development ISBN: 9783030159580 Year: Pages: 183 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-15958-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Psychology --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This open access book develops a theoretical concept of teaching that is relevant to early childhood education, and based on children’s learning and development through play. It discusses theoretical premises and research on playing and learning, and proposes the development of play-responsive didaktik. It examines the processes and products of learning and development, teaching and its phylogenetic and ontogenetic development, as well as the ‘what’ of learning and didaktik. Next, it explores the actions, objects and meaning of play and provides insight into the diversity of beliefs about the practices of play. The book presents ideas on how combined research and development projects can be carried out, providing incentive and a model for practice development and research. The second part of the book consists of empirical studies on teacher’s playing skills and examples of play with very young as well as older children.

Mediation in Collective Labor Conflicts

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: Industrial Relations & Conflict Management ISBN: 9783319925318 Year: Pages: 339 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-92531-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This open access book opens up the black box of mediation in collective conflicts through the analyses and comparisons of various systems. Mediation and related third party interventions such as conciliation and facilitation are discussed as effective prevention and regulation tools for different types of collective labor conflicts. These interventions fit in a new developed five-phase model of collective conflicts in organizations, going from capacity building in latent conflicts, through conciliation, mediation and arbitration in escalating phases, to rebuilding of trust after hot conflicts. The authors promote understanding and discussion with regards to labor mediation systems, presenting comparative research on the perspectives of mediators and users of mediation. This book describes and analyses laws, regulations and practices of mediation in seventeen countries, with a relative strong emphasis on Europe. Part 1 presents theoretical frameworks on conciliation and mediation in collective labor conflicts. Part 2 presents regulations and practices in 12 European countries: Belgium, Denmark, Estonia, France, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Spain, The Netherlands, and the United Kingdom. Part 3 discusses mediation in these collective conflicts in Australia, China, India, South Africa and the USA. Part 4 offers conclusions and ways forward. This book offers analyses, good practices and developments for third party intervention in collective labor conflicts in global and local changing environments. This book is a must-read for policy makers, , social partners at different levels, as well as scholars and practitioners in industrial relations, human resources management and conflict management, particularly conciliators and mediators.

Health and Wellbeing in Late Life

Author:
ISBN: 9789811389382 Year: Pages: 195 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-8938-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Public Health --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:23
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This open access book takes a multidisciplinary approach to provide a holistic understanding of late old age, and situates the aged person within the context of family, caregivers, clinical and other institutions. All through the book, the author discusses preparedness for an aging individual as well as the society in the Indian context. The book highlights inevitable but mostly neglected health issues like depression, dementia, fall, and frailty and provides detailed analyses of solutions that are practicable in low resource settings. It also brings up intergenerational differences and harmony in the context of holistic care of older Indians. Alongside clinical perspectives, the book uses narratives of elderly patients to dwell on the myriad of problems and issues that constitute old age healthcare. Demonstrating cases that range from the most influential to the most underprivileged elderly in India, the book enlightens multiple caregivers—doctors, nurses, and professional caregivers as well as family members—about the dynamic approach required in dealing with complex issues related to late old age. The narratives make the book relatable and interesting to non-academic readers, with important lessons for gerontological and geriatric caregiving. It is also of use to older adults in preparing for active aging.

Affect and Mathematics Education

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: ICME-13 Monographs ISBN: 9783030137618 Year: Pages: 437 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-13761-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:05
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This open access book, inspired by the ICME 13 topic study group “Affect, beliefs and identity in mathematics education”, presents the latest trends in research in the area. Following an introduction and a survey chapter providing a concise overview of the state-of-art in the field of mathematics-related affect, the book is divided into three main sections: motivation and values, engagement, and identity in mathematics education. Each section comprises several independent chapters based on original research, as well as a reflective commentary by an expert in the area. Collectively, the chapters present a rich methodological spectrum, from narrative analysis to structural equation modelling. In the final chapter, the editors look ahead to future directions in the area of mathematics-education-related affect. It is a timely resource for all those interested in the interaction between affect and mathematics education. ; Presents a selection of current empirical studies, and a visionary chapter on future directions Includes recent developments in the areas of motivation, engagement, and identity Provides a broad spectrum of theoretical and methodological approaches

Theoretical and Practical Advances in Computer-based Educational Measurement

Authors: ---
Book Series: Methodology of Educational Measurement and Assessment ISBN: 9783030184803 Year: Pages: 399 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-18480-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:16
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This open access book presents a large number of innovations in the world of operational testing. It brings together different but related areas and provides insight in their possibilities, their advantages and drawbacks. The book not only addresses improvements in the quality of educational measurement, innovations in (inter)national large scale assessments, but also several advances in psychometrics and improvements in computerized adaptive testing, and it also offers examples on the impact of new technology in assessment. Due to its nature, the book will appeal to a broad audience within the educational measurement community. It contributes to both theoretical knowledge and also pays attention to practical implementation of innovations in testing technology.

The Origins of Self

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ISBN: 9781787356306 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787356306 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Biology --- Psychology --- Sociology --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-01 11:21:02
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The Origins of Self explores the role that selfhood plays in defining human society, and each human individual in that society. It considers the genetic and cultural origins of self, the role that self plays in socialisation and language, and the types of self we generate in our individual journeys to and through adulthood.&#xD;&#xD;Edwardes argues that other awareness is a relatively early evolutionary development, present throughout the primate clade and perhaps beyond, but self-awareness is a product of the sharing of social models, something only humans appear to do. The self of which we are aware is not something innate within us, it is a model of our self produced as a response to the models of us offered to us by other people. Edwardes proposes that human construction of selfhood involves seven different types of self. All but one of them are internally generated models, and the only non-model, the actual self, is completely hidden from conscious awareness. We rely on others to tell us about our self, and even to let us know we are a self.&#xD;

Men's Experiences of Violence in Intimate Relationships

Authors: ---
Book Series: Palgrave Studies in Victims and Victimology ISBN: 9783030039943 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03994-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:06
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This open access book draws on a broad study on violence against men, from both male and female partners in Norway, to contribute to the research on intimate partner violence. It identifies similarities in men's experiences and backgrounds, including in their perceptions of their own victimisation. Marianne Inez Lien and Jørgen Lorentzen argue that the traditional gender power model should be modified and supplemented, and propose that we consider violence in terms of psychological supremacy, rather than in terms of femininity and masculinity. Men's Experiences of Violence in Intimate Relationships will appeal to students and scholars across a range of areas including criminology, sociology and family violence, and gender studies.

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