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Robotics: Hephaestus does it again

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ISBN: 9782722601864 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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It was when I was preparing this lecture that I discovered that roboticists had a god: Hephaestus. In Greek mythology, Hephaestus was a talented craftsman. Enamoured with Athena, he attempted to woo her, in vain. The goddess of knowledge withstood the advances of the god of doing. Robotics stems from this tension. Although the myth contradicts a current tendency to confuse science and technology, it nevertheless reflects my experience with innovation. C’est en préparant cette leçon que j’ai ...

Data Sciences: From First-Order Logic to the Web

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ISBN: 9782722601796 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Relational database management systems, using as foundations a formal language, first-order logic, serve as mediators between individuals and machines. With the increase in the volume of data disseminated on the Web, a “collective intelligence” is currently emerging, shaped by large search engines whose monopoly raises ethical and political questions. One of the main challenges for the coming years is the development of technologies that will make it possible to find, evaluate, validate, veri...

The Science of Materials: from Materials Discovered by Chance to Customized Materials

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ISBN: 9782722603387 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2015-05-20 10:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Throughout the ages, humans have applied knowledge and know-how to master materials. They have gone from materials encountered by chance available in their environment to customized materials designed to meet multi-criteria specifications. Today, owing particularly to digital modelling on different scales, we are able to design high-performance materials, combining various classes of materials, in controlled geometries and dimensions. These innovation strategies – architectured or bio-inspire...

Geometries of the Living

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ISBN: 9782722604377 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-04 11:23:49
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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My idea of a theory in biology is quite different from the theoretical biology that is expressed as equations of observed or photographed phenomena. I have a simpler, more concrete conception. Not a mathematical description of what is seen, but an evolving model, a tool developed through bricolage, with mathematics perhaps, but also natural language: one that serves above all to understand the unseen; to guess, beneath the visible, the invisible dimensions of life forms, the underlying “logic”.

The Informatics of Time and Events

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ISBN: 9782722604292 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-14 17:16:04
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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The management of time and events is central to various domains of informatics, from embedded circuits and software programs in all sorts of objects to musical creation, or the simulation of physical phenomena. Yet this subject receives little attention in classical informatics. This lecture presents different types of time and event modelling associated with new programming languages. It discusses the notions of density of the moment and of hierarchical and multiform times created by the rep...

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