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Freiheit, Kontrolle und Verantwortlichkeit in der Gesellschaft. Moderne Biotechnologie als Lehrstück

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ISBN: 9783937816166 Year: Pages: 459 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.10 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:24

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The responsibility of science is the starting point for intensive discussions. But who is responsible ty for what? This work is based on many years of research into the developments in modern biotechnology. The thorough analysis shows that responsibility is usually borne by the others. Political, legal, administrative and intra-scientific communication and action structures prevent or dilute responsibility to the point of inaccessibility. Stephan Albrecht uses numerous examples from the fields of medicine, agriculture, pharmacy and environmental technology to demonstrate that biotechnological progress is not evolutionary but political, man-made. However, a fundamental error in this progress is that it is not properly understood and negotiated in public, as a res publica. From a democratic point of view, the author proposes an institutional approach to the perception of responsibility in and for the sciences, which is oriented towards the specific challenges of technological innovation and at the same time builds on the best practices of political and civic decision-making.

Versorgungs-Report Früherkennung

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ISBN: 9783954664023 9783954664542 Year: Language: German
Publisher: MWV Medizinisch Wissenschaftliche Verlagsgesellschaft Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104785
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-08 11:21:10
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Die aktuelle Ausgabe des Versorgungs-Reports greift die versorgungswissenschaftliche Diskussion um Chancen und Risiken der Früherkennung auf. Namhafte Expertinnen und Experten beleuchten aktuelle Entwicklungen und Herausforderungen bei der Früherkennung von Krankheiten. Im Fokus stehen: - gesundheitswissenschaftliche Konzepte und Methoden der Früherkennung - wissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse über Nutzen und Risiken ausgewählter Screenings - Entwicklung und Anforderungen an ausgewogene, evidenzbasierte Informationsangebote - empirische Analysen zur Akzeptanz und Inanspruchnahme von Früherkennungsuntersuchungen in der GKV Der Teil „Daten und Analysen“ informiert auf der Grundlage von AOK-Abrechnungsdaten über die Häufigkeit von Erkrankungen und Behandlungen in Deutschland: - Behandlungsprävalenzen und Hospitalisierungsraten für die häufigsten Erkrankungen, differenziert nach Alter und Geschlecht - Krankenhausbehandlungen, Arznei- und Heilmittelverordnungen sowie ärztliche Inanspruchnahme

Die Politik des Waldes

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ISBN: 9783205781479 Year: Pages: 274 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574651 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4093
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:14
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The thesis deals with the question of why no international legally binding instrument for forest policy exists so far. The thesis shows that the problem definition presents a form of control for the decision making process and for the problem solution. Therefore, it is demonstrated how locations, reports and non-human objects are related to the development of international forest policy within United Nations. In the development of international forest policy, the policy problem was framed as "deforestation and degradation of tropical forests". In the second phase of policy formulation, the "deforestation and degradation of all forests" moves to the centre of interests. The thesis analyses furthermore the formation of meaning of the policy narratives that are intertwined with international forest policy. The identification of global environmental discourses that transfer a certain kind of meaning of policy and of problem solution, that operate with discursive practices and technologies of power, and that use rhetorical devices, allows to show which rules and practices influence how natural resource policy arises. In this way it can be shown how policy problems come into being and how they are understood. Furthermore, it allows identifying policy change in a non-decision-making process.

Die Praxis der bedingten Entlassung aus dem Strafvollzug

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Book Series: sui generis ISBN: 9783941159365 Year: Pages: 456 DOI: 10.24921/2019.94115937 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:04
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The decision on conditional release from prison (Art. 86 – 89 SCC) is one of the most important decisions in the Swiss criminal justice system. At stake are both the freedom of the convicted person, who is to be given a chance of reintegration by the conditional release, and the security of the general public, which must be protected against the commission of further criminal offences. Despite its significance for convicted persons and the society as a whole, the practice of conditional release is scarcely discussed in Swiss literature: What is the procedure for conditional release? How do the opinions of the parties involved in the procedure influence its outcome? How do the persons responsible for conditional release exercise the discretion left to them by the law? The clarification of these issues seems all the more important given that in recent decades the number of conditional release decisions has decreased and there are considerable cantonal differences. The focus of the dissertation is on the process of decision-making by the responsible authorities in Switzerland, in particular the implementation of the right to be heard, as well as the criteria which influence the decision on the conditional release of offenders. The research is based on a representative sample of 943 criminal files from the cantons of Berne, Fribourg, Lucerne and Vaud, which are evaluated using statistical methods (logistic regression). The results of the investigation show that the responsible authorities select only a few aspects from a large number of case characteristics that largely determine their decision-making process. The decision is strongly influenced by the residency status of the convicted person, his criminal record and the opinion of the prison authorities. The legal prognosis is therefore primarily based on static factors from the past, whereas dynamic factors which the convicted person or the involved actors could influence are more secondary. In addition, it emerges that the temporal and cantonal differences in the release rates do not relate to a differing prison population, as it most often assumed, but to a different way of implementing the law and appreciating the profile of prisoners – following a more restrictive or liberal understanding and practice of the release decision – depending on time and canton. The study shows as well that there is no uniform practice for the procedure: the use of risk assessment tools, the opinions of the prison management or the organisation of the right to be heard are extremely disparate and therefore the right of the sentenced person to an equal and fair trial is not guaranteed to the same extent everywhere. The work concludes with a legal classification of the findings as well as with criminal policy considerations and proposals for a more precise reformulation of Art. 86 SCC. These should contribute to a more harmonious and broader application across cantonal borders and therefore strengthen conditional release as an efficient instrument of crime prevention.

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