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"Écrire un seul livre, sans cesse renouvelé"

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ISBN: 9783465035015 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437211 Language: German
Publisher: Vittorio Klostermann GmbH Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3790
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:45
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The study examines Jorge Semprun´s literary reflections on his experiences made in the concentration camp of Buchenwald in "Le grand voyage" (1963), "Quel beau dimanche!" (1980), "L´écriture ou la vie" (1994) and "Le mort qu´il faut" (2001) with the aim to show the development in his retrospective treatment of the past. Therefore the texts are not considered as a unified "ecriture" but as a progressing approximation to his experiences in Buchenwald. The study deals in narratological and poetological terms with Semprun´s growing awareness of what Buchenwald means to him: While "Le grand voyage" is deeply influenced by the authors communistic view. "Quel beau dimanche!" reflects Sempruns disconcertion caused by his awareness of the parallel existence of concentration camps in Nazi-Germany and in the Soviet Union. "L´ecriture ou la vie" and "Le mort qu´il faut", for their part, are written by an author who considers himself as survivor and witness. This process is accompanied by Semprun´s shift to literature as a universe implying sense and creating identity. This becomes vitally important after his dissociation from communism and enables him to speak extensively about his experiences with death. Therefore Semprun´s conception of "witnessship" can be described as diametrically opposed to factual documentation. It is rather intended to function within a literary field: Only the intensive use of intertextuality allowes Semprun to comprehend Buchenwald finally as the centre of his life and as the origin of his own identity as well as to communicate his "truth" to the reader.

Das Volk sitzt zu Gericht

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ISBN: 103706541262 Year: Pages: 496 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3784
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:19

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From December 1944 until the end of March 1945, there existed a forced labour camp for Hungarian Jews in Engerau (today town district Petrzalka of the Slovakian capital Bratislava), which war part of the "Reich Defense Line" ("Wüdostwall"). There, more than 2000 Hungarian Jews had to work like slaves, digging up entrechments to "defend" the German Reich against the approaching soviet troops. Approximate 400 of the forced labourers died of exhaustion, deseases or were beaten to death by Viennese SA men. During the last days of WW II the camp was evacuated. A spezial detachment shot those were sic kor unfit to march, others were killed while the following footmarch to Bad Deutsch-Altenburg. Destination was the concentratio camp of Mauthausen. Those abominable crimes caused a series of legal proceedings in post war Austria against more than 70 accused - the so called "Engerau-trias". In five main trials between 1945 and 1954 against 21 defendants the Vienna "Peoples Court" - a spezial court with the task to punish nazi-crimes - imposed 9 death sentences and 1 life imprisonment. The publication analyzes the legal actions of this spezial court on the basis of the trial records located in the district court in Vienna, puts the proceedings in the lager context of the coping with the Nazi past by Austrian courts, but also in Austrian society, presents biographies of judges, attorneys and counsels of the trials, describes the coverage in the newspapers and gives attention to the gender-aspect and the reflection of the "Engerau-trials" in historiography. This is the first publication, which gives a systematic overview of the first ten years of the 2nd republic focussing post war judiciary in the soviet occupation zone and the archievements of Austrian judiciary in respect to punishing nazi-crimes on the basis of the most extensive Holocaust proceeding in Austria.

Arbeit als Hoffnung. Jüdische Ghettos in Litauen 1941-1944

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 04813545 ISBN: 9783110415551 Year: Volume: 108 Pages: 452 DOI: 10.1515/9783110415551 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-06 16:06:17

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In the ghettos of Lithuania an urban infrastructure developed based on the needs of Jewish conscription and forced labor for German occupation forces and the Lithuanian administration. Using the example of the ghettos in Vilnius, Kaunas, and Siauliai, the author reveals for the first time the ways to which Jewish labor conscription was organized inside and outside the ghettos and the patterns of daily ghetto life as seen by the inhabitants.

Horst Mahler. Biographische Studie zu Antisemitismus, Antiamerikanismus und Versuchen deutscher Schuldabwehr

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISSN: 18675018 ISBN: 9783731503880 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: VIII, 529 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000047194 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 12:46:28
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Horst Mahler was one of the most important participants of the German student movement during the late 1960s. In the 1990s he bacame a radical National socialist and holocaust denier. This conversion still bothers the German public. There are however ideological continuities in Mahler’s worldview: structural anti-semitism, anti-americanism and repetitive attempts to refuse guilt feelings about the holocaust.

"Trotz allem glaube ich an das Gute im Menschen". Das Tagebuch der Anne Frank und seine Rezeption in der Bundesrepublik Deutschland

Authors: ---
Book Series: Hamburger Historische Forschungen ISBN: 9783943423006 Year: Pages: 566 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.HHF.5.137 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:21

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The Jewish girl Anne Frank left behind an impressive and comprehensive testimony of the National Socialist atrocities in the "Third Reich". Her diary is the subject of this thesis. The volume deals with the comprehensive history of the reception of the book which is the most widely read in Germany besides the bibleIn the years 1950 to 1989 Anne Frank's diary, its later staging as a play and the filming gave the German Federal Republican society the impetus to recall, remind, and deal with the Nazi past. The way in which Anne Frank's diary is received in the Federal Republic of Germany directly interacts with political events and revolves around a variety of interpretative patterns.

H. G. Adler (1910-1988)

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ISBN: 9783205781523 Year: Pages: 406 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437174 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4005
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:12
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The result of my extensive research project is the first comprehensive study on the life and work of H. G. Adler, an important member of the circle around Elias and Veza Canetti, Erich Fried etc., whose ground-breaking scholarly work long overshadowed his reputation as a creative writer. Adler, a German-Jewish writer, born in Prague in 1910, was the inmate of various National Socialist concentration camps (Theresienstadt, Auschwitz) during the Second World War and lived in exile in London from 1947 until his death in 1988. Both as a scholar and as a creative writer, this prolific author is one of the most interesting and most versatile personalities in postwar history. In addition to publishing seminal works on the Holocaust, he left behind an important and to a large extent unpublished body of work, consisting of narrative prose, poetry and drama as well as scholarly articles and books on history, sociology, politics, psychology, language and literature, music, arts, philosophy, theology and Jewish studies. The works of H. G. Adler address central contemporary concerns, cover a large number of areas of interest (European cultural and intellectual history, 20th century German literature, exile studies, Holocaust research etc.) and shall thus - so I hope - attract considerably more attention in the future. This monograph attempts to close a major gap in exile studies that has often been complained about in the past. Its most important topical areas are: H. G. Adler's biography, Theresienstadt (Terezín), exile in England, the development and interdependence of scholarly work and literature, H. G. Adler's position amongst writers such as Karl Kraus, Franz Kafka, George Orwell, Elias Canetti and W. G. Sebald, H. G. Adler as Franz Baermann Steiner's literary executor, H. G. Adler's position amongst London émigrés, H. G. Adler and Austria (despite his exile in England, Adler throughout his life remained closely associated with Austrian culture). This study focuses on Adler's most important and best known works "Theresienstadt 1941-1945" and "Die verheimlichte Wahrheit", books and articles like "Die Dichtung der Prager Schule" and "Der Kampf gegen die 'Endlösung der Judenfrage'", which have hitherto been neglected by academic research, the voluminous autobiographically structured or autobiographically influenced novels "Panorama", "Eine Reise" and "Die unsichtbare Wand" as well as numerous unpublished texts, documents and photographs from Adler's literary estate. It is rounded off by a complete bibliography of H. G. Adler's publication from 1947 to 1988. The time for a monograph about H. G. Adler is ideal: 2008 - 20th anniversary of H. G. Adler's death; 2010 - H. G. Adler's 100th birthday.

Der Holocaust als Herausforderung für den Film

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Book Series: Film ISBN: 9783839407196 9783899427196 Year: Pages: 520 DOI: 10.14361/9783839407196 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:08
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Filme über den Holocaust führen nach wie vor zu kontroversen Diskussionen, insbesondere über die Art ihres Umgangs mit der Shoah. Abgesehen von wenigen Ausnahmen besteht die filmwissenschaftliche Literatur zum Thema Holocaust im Film jedoch aus Beiträgen zu einzelnen Filmen ohne übergreifende Fragestellung. Schwerpunkt dieser Studie ist daher eine Typologie, welche die Wirkung dieser Filme auf den Zuschauer analysiert - unter Berücksichtigung der besonderen Ästhetik und der damit einhergehenden spezifischen Wahrnehmungsangebote. Die analysierten Filme - darunter u.a. »Nacht und Nebel«, »Schindlers Liste«, »Das Leben ist schön«, »Zug des Lebens« und »Birkenau und Rosenfeld« - stellen gleichzeitig einen Aufriss der filmischen Auseinandersetzung mit der Shoah seit 1945 dar.

Heimatrecht und Staatsbürgerschaft österreichischer Juden

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ISBN: 9783205794950 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_461430 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 81
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-12-06 22:31:37
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The study describes the process of gradual inclusion of the Jews into the ‚Heimatrecht‘ and citizenship in the Austrian monarchy since the Josephine reforms. The stony path of integration of the Jews into general citizenship which spans centuries and is marked by numerous setbacks allows to shed new light on the act of expatriation of the Austrian Jews during the Nazi regime.The stony path of integration of the Jews into general citizenship spans many centuries and is marked by numerous setbacks. It stretches from special royal protection of the Jews ('Judenregal') via Tolerance or 'Familienstelle' all the way to full citizenship. A description of this development allows to shed new light on the previously dimly lit act of expatriation of the Austrian Jews during the Nazi regime. This was a complex process running in several stages which, although similar to the rest of the German Reich, occurred at a somewhat later stage and already under the sign of flight and expulsion. However, the disenfranchisement and – literally and legally - depersonalization of the Austrian Jews was - so the argument - not just an act of targeted Nazi persecution, but the systematic reversal in rapid motion of the Jews' emancipation which had started at the end of the 18th century. What at first glance appears to have been an abstruse and cluttered convolution of Nazi regulatory activity turns out, on closer analysis, to have been a meticulous reversal of the historical process of 'Jewish emancipation'. Numerous case studies and three major biographical studies towards the end of the book show to what extent the 'Heimatrecht' and citizenship or, by contrast, the fate of statelessness determined the lives and identities of people - far beyond the time of the Austrian monarchy.

Die "Reichskristallnacht" in Schleswig-Holstein. Der Novemberpogrom im historischen Kontext

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen des Landesarchivs Schleswig-Holstein ISBN: 9783943423303 Year: DOI: 10.15460/HUP.LASH.109.162 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:15

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During the Reichspogromnacht between November 9th and 10th, 1938, in Germany and Austria 1400 synagogues and other Jewish institutions as well as thousands of Jewish homes and shops were destroyed. More than 30.000 men were deported, and at least 100 killed.This pogrom, frequently referred to as ,,Reichskristallnacht, marked the beginning of political and economic persecution of Jews in Nazi Germany, and an increasingly brutal treatment of the Jewish minority, thus paving the way for the Holocaust.With regards to the 75th annual recurrence of the Reichspogromnacht, the Landesarchiv Schleswig-Holstein in 2013 presented an exhibition centered around the events of that night in Northern Germany. This exhibition was prepared in close cooperation with the University of Flensburg and the Landeszentrale für politische Bildung Schleswig-Holstein. It was accompanied by a series of lectures that are included in this book as well as some of the illustrations displayed."

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