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Trauma und Terror

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ISBN: 9783205777045 Year: Pages: 268 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437136 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3929
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:35
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Although small and not particularly peoples both Chechens and Palestinians became famous for suicide bomber attacks in recent years. This can - partly - be explained by the unrecognised collective traumas of the past. Both Chechens and Palestinians experienced collective traumas in the 1940ties. The entire Chechen population wad deported by Josef Stalin to Kasakhstan, Kirgysia and Sibiria in February 1944 under the pretext of collaboration with the Third Reich. Those who survived were allowed to return in 1957 to Chechenya. Half of the Palestinian Arab population was expelled from Palestine in 1947/48, when fighting erupted between Jews and Arabs. The refugees were never allowed to return. The memory of the deportation/expulsion was kept alive. The founding traumas contributed to the development of Chechen and Palestinian nationalism. Chechens and Palestinians till today suffer from their collective traumas, which stayed unrecognised and therefore create psychological and political problems for the following generations - and for their adverseries. The phenomenon of the "closed circle of violence" created a phobic collective behaviour, which led for example Chechens to the illusionary declaration of independence in 1991. It also led to the individual overreaction of young Chechens or Palestinians, who became living bombs. The collective Trauma, if untreated, poses a threat to any peaceful political solution.

Definitionen und Anerkennung substaatlicher Gruppen im Völkerrecht - Eine Untersuchung der rechtlichen Anwendung völkerrechtlicher Konstruktionen substaatlicher kollektiver Identitäten und aktueller Entwicklungen im Intergovernmental Committe der WIPO

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ISBN: 9783863952693 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1014 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-19 11:01:33
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Minorities, indigenous peoples and local communities have their own status in public international law. Given their position within the politics of a societal majority, they require a certain protection and enjoy particular group rights. However, it is unclear how to legally determine such culturally distinct sub-state groups. Who is entitled to the international legal guarantees of minority protection, who holds the right to self-determination and who owns traditional knowledge? Up until now the politically motivated debates in research and practice circled unsuccessfully around different approaches of definitions and criteria of cultural difference. This thesis shows that it is the recognition as a ‘minority’, ‘indigenous people’ or ‘local community’, which becomes the constitutive act for the legal status of a group. In contrast to the politically driven debates about the scope of definitions, the perspective of recognition, as presented in this book, makes the relevant processes and institutions visible. The recognition of sub-state groups can be contextualized in public international law in relation to the principles of the recognition of states, while also being anchored by an interdisciplinary approach. The perspective of recognition replaces the discussion about general criterial definitions and allows an identification of the power imbalances and conflicts of interests, which are inherent to the question of the legal status of culturally distinct sub-state groups.

Begriffliche Situationsanalyse aus Videodaten bei unvollständiger und fehlerhafter Information

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Book Series: Karlsruher Schriften zur Anthropomatik / Lehrstuhl für Interaktive Echtzeitsysteme, Karlsruher Institut für Technologie ; Fraunhofer-Inst. für Optronik, Systemtechnik und Bildauswertung IOSB Karlsruhe ISSN: 18636489 ISBN: 9783731506447 Year: Volume: 32 Pages: XVII, 241 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000066975 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:01
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This work addresses the automatic detection of complex situations in image sequences in the video surveillance context. There are difficulties when dealing with data from natural environments. This work expands the formalism of FMTHL and SGTs to deal with erroneous, missing, and noisy data and complexity, demonstrates the robustness of situational recognition in natural scenarios, and expands generic applicability beyond discourse boundaries.

Gesichter der Gewalt

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ISBN: 9783770554041 Pages: 396 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_472311 Language: German
Publisher: Wilhelm Fink Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 78
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:07
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The contributions to this volume develop basic patterns for a non-reductive analysis of violence. They focus violence as perspective phenomenon, i.e., as suffered, enacted, or otherwise experienced, and thus undermine essentialist definitions of this very phenomenon. In applying the phenomenological insight into the lived intertwining of embodied meaning and objective orders, this book traces the many faces of violence in both their specific traits as well as their relational constitution.

Über lernende optische Inspektion am Beispiel der Schüttgutsortierung

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Book Series: Schriftenreihe Automatische Sichtprüfung und Bildverarbeitung ISSN: 18665934 ISBN: 9783731508427 Year: Volume: 13 Pages: XVI, 283 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000085620 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:15:09
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Automated visual inspection is an integral part in industrial manufacturing processes, but development and setup of such systems is very costly. Machine learning significantly reduces the effort of and speeds up both tasks. This work develops several machine learning methods suitable for automated visual inspection. The methods augment each other and can be used for a wide range of products.

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