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Sozialperspektivität - theoretische Bezüge, Forschungsmethodik und wirtschaftliche Praktikabilität eines beziehungsdiagnostischen Konstrukts

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ISBN: 9783930457632 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2004-462 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Psychology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Social perspective defines the human skill of changing between the point of view of oneself and the other. It takes meta-perspectives and applies them to the different (suspected) point of views. If one knows how the interaction-partner sees the world, one can assume the partner´s willingness to act and consider it for one´s own plan of action.

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psychology --- prejudice --- behaviour

Basiskomponenten der Persönlichkeit

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ISBN: 9783863950392 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-465 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 21:20:13
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Thurstone's principle of simple structure is rejected and replaced by its converse, the principle of complex structure. Varimax, the popular simple structure rotation of factors, is replaced by varimin, a novel procedure taking account of the complexity of investigated variables (s. Ertel, 2011). An exploratory factor analysis of a similarity matrix of 16 kinship terms showed that expected semantic features (sex, generation, nuclear family, lineality) manifest themselves by varimin rotation,while distorted clusters of kinship terms are obtained by varimax rotation. Varimin rotation was also applied to five PCA-factors obtained from 30 facet variables of NEO-PI-R (Ostendorf & Angleitner, 2004). As expected, variminrotated factors do not replicate the Big-Five factors neuroticism, extraversion, etc., they rather reveal basic componential features (usually called „dimensions‟): activation level (high-low), activation slope (ascending-descending), source of regulation (endodynamic- exodynamic), phenomenal quality (endomodal-exomodal), and functionality (eufunctional vs. dysfunctional). The well-known Big-Five factors represent clusters of those features rather than simple dimensions. Sensation seeking, internalexternal control, i. e. further constructs of simple structure- oriented research, are likewise conceivable as patterns of functioning based on those five componential features. The validity of the five features obtained by varimin has largely been confirmed by rankings of the 30 NEO-PI-R facets using the features as judgmental criteria. Replacing Thurstonian simple structure by procedures aiming at complex structure might help to generate a systemic architecture in the personality and individual differences domains. More psychological functioning might be made transparent by modelling patterns of basic features.

Berufliche Passagen im Lebenslauf: Berufsbildungs- und Transitionsforschung in der Schweiz

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ISBN: 9783658100933 9783658100940 Year: Pages: 331 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-10094-0 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Business and Management --- Multidisciplinary
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-30 14:53:35
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Am Übergang von der Schule in den Beruf werden wichtige Weichen gestellt, die den weiteren Lebenslauf eines Menschen vorbereiten. Dazu werden in diesem Band neue Ergebnisse der vielfältigen Transitionsforschung aus der ganzen Schweiz vorgestellt, die sich an verschiedenen Disziplinen wie der Psychologie, Soziologie, Erziehungswissenschaften oder Bildungsökonomie orientieren. Dafür werden theoretische Grundlagen und empirische Evidenzen für die Analyse und Steuerung bedeutsamer Passagen im Lebenslauf entwickelt. Soweit möglich werden auch Handlungsempfehlungen für die Akteure der Berufsbildung in der Schweiz diskutiert, die zugleich auch in anderen Ländern von Interesse sein dürften.

Text - Verstehen. Grammatik und darüber hinaus

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Book Series: Jahrbuch des Instituts für Deutsche Sprache ISSN: 0537-7900 ISBN: 9783110199963 Year: Volume: 2005 Pages: 430 DOI: 10.1515/9783110199963 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56

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This volume examines the question: What happens when texts are comprehended? Written by academics from a variety of countries renowned in the field, the nineteen principal essays investigate the grammatical, psychological, cultural, and didactic aspects of reading comprehension. Overall, the result is an extensive, intelligible synopsis of reading comprehension research.

Selbstoptimierung

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ISBN: 9783631676622 9783653070712 9783631704400 Year: DOI: 10.3726/978-3-653-07071-2 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: OGeSoMo
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:37
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Lebenskunst hat Konjunktur: Offenbar ist der Traum, das Leben als Gesamtkunstwerk einzurichten, zur ethischen Maxime geworden. Beteiligt ist dabei seit der Antike das Motiv von Selbsterforschung bzw. Selbstbesserung, das über die Frühe Neuzeit bis in die Gegenwart wirksam geblieben ist. Tagebücher sind dabei ein notwendiges Begleitmedium gewesen und haben wechselhafte Formen angenommen, die von religiösen, wirtschaftlichen, psychologischen und medizinischen Aufschreibesystemen bestimmt worden sind. In diesem umfassenden mediologischen Sinn untersucht der Autor Programme der Selbstschrift und stellt diese an Beispielen dar, die sich von Pacioli über Pepys, Leibniz, Herder, Moritz, Goethe, Hebbel, Schmitt, Jünger oder Rainald Goetz bis in die Gegenwart der Social Media erstrecken.

Komplexität modellieren - Faktorenanalyse am Scheideweg

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ISBN: 9783863950132 Year: Pages: 184 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-464 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Internal medicine --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The present study aims at disclosing a methodological prejudice which has misled factor analysis since its beginning. Simple structure, the guiding principle for factor rotation (Thurstone, 1935/1947), is regarded as a questionable dogma. The Thurstone principle impedes the discovery of latent sources of variance on which manifest empirical variables are based. This criticism is elucidated by theoretical considerations and by verbatim quotations of critical authors. The present calamity of factorial research is deemed to be due to general flaws of methodical reasoning. One-sided mathematical formalization in the discipline has lost its objectives by ignoring ordinary sources of knowledge and linguistic processing. The problem of simple structure cannot be solved by circumplex- and structural equation procedures which suffer from the same flaws as simple structure modelling. A paradigm change is overdue. An alternative factor transformation modeling complex structures is demanded, it will be delineated in chapter 2. This chapter is a sequel of chapter 1 (Ertel, 2009) in which varimax, the procedure of factor rotation commonly used to generate simple structure, is replaced with varimin. Varimin aims at manifesting interacting aspects of latent structural components. The model of complexity which is outlined by initial factor extractions is optimized. The new method raises a number of issues of which five are discussed at length. Are varimin factors interpretable Can latent sources of covariance, being complex already by initial solutions, be rendered more complex? Have simple structure solutions in common practice not been tolerable, to say the least? Varimin factor loadings are often bipolar. How to interpret the bipolarity of varimin factors? Does varimin reveal contributions of variance originating from methodical sources? Ten empirical applications of varimin transformation serve as examples. Particular features of transformation to complex structure, revealing latent sources of covariance (by varimin), are compared with pertinent results obtained from transformations to simple structure (by varimax). Varimax will remain useful merely for clustering objectives. Attention is also drawn to limitations of the methodical innovation. Eighteen matrices with intercorrelations of eight subtest variables of the intelligence test I-S-T, widely used in Germany, were subjected to principal component analysis, the resulting factors were rotated by varimin towards optimal complex structure. The 18 varimin solutions were aggregated, two factors resulted: Varimin-F1 represented a general factor g (‘general or basic intelligence’), varimin-F2 represented an achievement-modifying factor, obviously dependent on preceding educational training and learning (‘learning assets’, l). The validity of varimin-F1, general intelligence, was ascertained by high correlations between g and test scores of general intelligence, operationalized by culture-free tests CFT und FRT. The interpretation of varimin-F2 found support by significant correlations with learning-dependent school grades and scores in orthography and arithmetic. The 18 PCA-factors were also transformed by varimax to simple structure. This transformation caused a splitting up of initial g into two seemingly separate factors, called ‘fluid’ and ‘crystallized’ intelligence by convention. In addition, differences between varimax F1 (fluid) and F2 (crystallized) regarding correlations with external criteria (general intelligence vs. school grades, training scores in orthography and arithmetic) which should have emerged were missing. The aggregate of varimax results yielded an unexpected third factor with considerable weight which, however, turned out to be an artifact of simple structure. Apparently, simple structure modelling of intelligence test data blends general intelligence with learning effects. Rotation of intelligence data to simple structure does not reveal, as it should, independent c

Autonomes Fahren: Technische, rechtliche und gesellschaftliche Aspekte

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783662458532 9783662458549 Year: Pages: 732 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-45854-9 Language: German
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Technology (General) --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- General and Civil Engineering --- Materials --- Chemical Engineering --- Biotechnology --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Computer Science --- Business and Management --- Transportation --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 16:58:06
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Ist das voll automatisierte, autonom fahrende Auto zum Greifen nah? Testfahrzeuge und Zulassungen in den USA erwecken diesen Eindruck, werfen aber gleichzeitig viele neue Fragestellungen auf. Wie werden autonome Fahrzeuge in das aktuelle Verkehrssystem integriert? Wie erfolgt ihre rechtliche Einbettung? Welche Risiken bestehen und wie wird mit diesen umgegangen? Und welche Akzeptanz seitens der Gesellschaft sowie des Marktes kann hinsichtlich dieser Entwicklungen überhaupt erwartet werden?Das vorliegende Buch gibt Antworten auf ein breites Spektrum dieser und weiterer Fragen. Expertinnen und Experten aus Deutschland und den USA beschreiben aus ingenieur- und gesellschaftswissenschaftlicher Sicht zentrale Themen im Zusammenhang mit der Automatisierung von Fahrzeugen im öffentlichen Straßenverkehr. Sie zeigen auf, welche „Entscheidungen“ einem autonomen Fahrzeug abverlangt werden beziehungsweise welche „Ethik“ programmiert werden muss. Die Autorinnen und Autoren diskutieren Erwartungen und Bedenken, die die individuelle wie auch die gesellschaftliche Akzeptanz des autonomen Fahrens kennzeichnen. Ein durch autonome Fahrzeuge erhöhtes Sicherheitspotenzial wird den Herausforderungen und Lösungsansätzen, die bei der Absicherung des Sicherheitskonzeptes eine Rolle spielen, gegenübergestellt. Zudem erläutern sie, welche Veränderungsmöglichkeiten und Chancen sich für unsere Mobilität und die Neuorganisation des Verkehrsgeschehens ergeben, nicht zuletzt auch für den Güterverkehr. Das Buch bietet somit eine aktuelle, umfassende und wissenschaftlich fundierte Auseinandersetzung mit dem Thema „Autonomes Fahren“.

Wilhelm Windelband und die Psychologie. Das Fach Philosophie und die Wissenschaft Psychologie im Deutschen Kaiserreich

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ISBN: 9783946054283 9783946054290 9783946054399 Year: Pages: 706 DOI: 10.17885/heiup.203.276 Language: German
Publisher: Heidelberg University Publishing (heiUP)
Subject: Psychology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-06 12:58:23
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Wilhelm Windelband (1848-1915) was a professor of philosophy during the German Empire, leader of the south-west German school of neo-Kantianism and an influential, if somewhat opinionated, public speaker.Neo-Kantianism was linked with opposition to the discipline of psychology and Windelband is noted in the history of science as nurturing a pronounced dislike of psychology, and of polemically expressing this opinion. The reality, presented here for the first time, looks different. He championed at an early stage the independence of psychology, worked on a book about psychology and gave more than twenty lectures about psychology. The institutional background concerning the difficult relationship between philosophy and psychology is examined, and shows that Windelband was not an isolated case in the history of philosophy.

Ernst Toller - Facetten eines schriftstellerischen Werks zwischen den Weltkriegen. Eine motivorientierte Untersuchung

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ISBN: 9783731507307 Year: Pages: XVI, 387 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000075735 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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The analysis at hand is tracing a major literary strategy within Ernst Toller?s (1893–1939) œuvre, a strategy operating on the level of motif. Related motifs become part of a process that is best described as parallelization. The analysis focuses on the genesis and intricate structure of the complexes of motif „theatrum mundi“, „doppelgänger“, „masses/leader“. Its major goal is to establish new impulses for further research into the literary techniques which are structuring Ernst Toller?s œuvre.

Franz Brentano und sein philosophischer Nachlass

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ISBN: 9783110595796 Year: Pages: 514 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 557
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-15 11:21:17
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The monograph tries to throw new light on Franz Brentanos (1838–1917) conspicuous reluctance to publish his philosophical findings based on his biography, personality and the development of his scientific theories. In addition to that the book presents the difficult history of Brentano’s extensive philosophical Nachlass until the immediate present.

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