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Künstliche Intelligenz

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ISBN: 9783662580424 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-58042-4 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Education --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:09
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Dieses Buch ist eine Open-Access-Publikation unter einer CC BY 4.0 Lizenz. Künstliche Intelligenz (KI) klingt in aktuellen Debatten oft abstrakt und alltagsfremd. Doch die meisten Internetnutzerinnern und -nutzer sind bereits täglich mit ihr konfrontiert – wenn auch unbewusst: sei es bei der Sprachsteuerung des Smartphones, bei Kaufempfehlungen im Online-Shop oder bei der Abfrage von auf Webseiten häufig gestellten Fragen (Frequently Asked Questions, FAQ). KI ist ein Teilaspekt der Digitalisierung, der als Schlagwort immer häufiger in den Medien auftaucht. Das aktuell große Interesse liegt darin begründet, dass es in den vergangenen Jahren verschiedene technologische Fortschritte gab, welche die Nutzung der KI nun auf andere Ebenen heben. Mit diesem Themenband des Instituts für Innovation und Technik (iit) „Künstliche Intelligenz“ erhalten Leserinnen und Leser einen schlaglichtartigen Einblick in die KI hinsichtlich ihrer Technologien, aktuellen und potenziellen Anwendungen sowie Auswirkungen auf die Gesellschaft.

Survey-Welten

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Book Series: Soziologie der Konventionen ISBN: 9783658254377 Year: Pages: 477 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-25437-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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Die Open-Access-Studie nimmt eine plurale Perspektive auf Survey-Qualität ein und untersucht empirisch unterschiedliche Logiken der Survey-Produktion. Wie aufgezeigt wird, gehen die vier identifizierten Survey-Welten mit unterschiedlichen Koordinationsprozessen und Qualitätskonventionen einher. Survey-Qualität wird dabei auf einer pragmatischen Basis im Hinblick auf unterschiedliche Nutzungskontexte von statistischen Daten konzipiert. Durch die Verknüpfung der Qualitätsthematik mit der praktischen Organisation des Produktionsprozesses von surveybasierten Daten wird eine engere Verbindung zwischen den Arbeiten der normativen Survey-Methodologie und den Herausforderungen der empirischen Survey-Praxis angestrebt. Die Arbeit präsentiert die Pluralität der Praxisformen von Umfragen, sie identifiziert die Vielfalt der Qualitätskriterien und sie leistet eine konzeptionelle Grundlage für reflexives Survey-Management. Der Inhalt Perspektiven auf Survey-Qualität ● Die erweiterte Perspektive der Economie des conventions ● Methodologische Grundlegung und methodisches Vorgehen ● Die vier Survey-Welten im Überblick ● Survey-Projekte aus einer survey-weltlichen Perspektive ● Eine vertiefte survey-weltliche Perspektive auf Surveys ● Skizze einer Systematisierung von Relationen zwischen Regimen des Engagements und Rechtfertigungsordnungen Der Autor Dr. Raphael Vogel war bis Juni 2018 Mitarbeiter am Soziologischen Seminar der Universität Luzern.

Kommunikationstechnische Optimierung eines energieautarken funkbasierten Sensorkonzepts

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ISBN: 9783966270069 9783966270076 9783966270045 9783966270052 Year: Pages: 94 DOI: 10.33968/9783966270069-00 Language: German
Publisher: HTWK Leipzig - OA-Hochschulverlag
Subject: Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-21 11:21:20
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In this bachelor thesis, an existing wireless sensor concept was examined with regard to software optimization possibilities. First, the application possibilities of such sensor systems in the existing maintenance strategies were described. Subsequently, an analysis of the previous sensor concept was carried out, on the basis of which an alternative concept to communication optimisation was realised with the existing hardware. By replacing the previously used application protocol HTTP with the lightweight MQTT, an alternative sensor concept was created. In addition, a measurement concept was developed to determine the transmission time, which allows a comparison with the existing sensor concept. It was thus possible to evaluate the extent to which the objective had been achieved.

Lexikon zur Kernenergie. Ausgabe Januar 2019

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ISBN: 9783731508816 Year: Pages: 259 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000088491 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Physics (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The scope of the Glossary of Nuclear Terms (Lexikon zur Kernenergie) is intended to focus on the key terms concerning the public debate about the peaceful use of nuclear energy, in order to explain the meanings of technical terms that may be unfamiliar to many people.

Prototyping Society – Zur vorauseilenden Technologisierung der Zukunft

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839447369 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.14361/9783839447369 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-01 11:21:03
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Prototypes migrate from the workshops to society. They are no longer considered deficient because of incomplete objects. Rather, it is through the design of the material provisional that the social day after tomorrow is shaped and technologised. The production and reception of these artefacts is transformed from an exclusive expert activity to a public social practice: Prototypes are produced in publicly accessible Makerspaces and celebrated in urban event formats. Sascha Dickel shows that this can also be accompanied by a new form of criticism that does not oppose the technologization of the social, but opens up ways to design alternative futures in a technologically integrated world.

Technik- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte in der universitären Lehre. Formate, Adressaten, Konzepte

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Book Series: Technikdiskurse : Karlsruher Studien zur Technikgeschichte / Hrsg.: Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT), Institut für Technikzukünfte, Teilinstitut für Geschichte ISSN: 18603610 ISBN: 9783731509028 Year: Volume: 15 Pages: IV, 131 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000091371 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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This edited volume, for the first time, presents examples for three categories of university courses in teaching the history of technology and science: introductory courses, object-oriented teaching and interdisciplinary teaching. The resulting overview encourages to experiment with new formats in teaching the history of technology and science, to foster exchange on such efforts and, not the least, to more comprehensively appreciate engagement in university teaching.

Die Fabrikation von Kreativität

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783839449929 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14361/9783839449929 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 11:21:02
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How is creativity created in fashion? Judith Nyfeler examines the actors involved along with their specific organizational methods (routines, technologies, projects, cooperations) and linguistic expressions (narratives, shows, storytelling). It turns out that instead of constantly renewing, variants are formed, whereby the formal facade of creativity and the operative activities of production are organizationally resolved from each other. The formation of variants is enhanced by language elements, which are always worked on, which in turn represents the basis for change as well as stability in fashion.

Normativität und Wertneutralität

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839449882 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.14361/9783839449882 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 11:21:02
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A part of sociology always wants to distance itself from any interference in the practice, and another part to influence society. In the first case, sociology sees itself as a science that looks at society from the outside. In the second case, she can not evade her affiliation with society. But what do these supposedly contradictory goals mean for sociologists and what does that say about the subject itself? Natalie Mevissen investigates the relationship of sociology to society with the help of hermeneutic interview analyzes and at the same time formulates conditions for a sociology of sociology in theory and methodology. She advocates a change of perspective: away from a problem discourse towards a perspective of the elective affinity of sociology with society.

Auf der Jagd nach der Sonne

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Book Series: Studien zur Politischen Soziologie ISBN: 9783845296975 Year: Volume: 36 Pages: 629 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845296975 Language: German
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 14:01:47
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This book analyses the portrayal of nuclear power in Japanese journalism and the factors that influence it. Combining a field theoretical approach to journalism with frame analysis on different levels of the communication process, the author argues that the nuclear industry in Japan used its financial power to form a ‘pro-nuclear civil society’ and that this frame sponsorship is the reason for the relatively positive portrayal of nuclear power in Japan until 2011. After ‘Fukushima’, journalistic autonomy in this domain increased and journalism became a driving force of change in nuclear policy. At the same time, the field of journalism became polarised because its more heteronomous parts remained integrated into the ‘pro-nuclear civil society’. This book offers a new perspective on the Japanese media and journalism in Japan, emphasising heterogeneity and change in contrast to previous research, which focused on press clubs as institutions of pervasive media control.

Fremde Galaxien und abstrakte Welten

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839443576 Year: Pages: 488 DOI: 10.14361/9783839443576 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-01 11:21:02
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How does open access change science as social practice? By answering that question, this innovative book provides sociology of science with a new subject: information infrastructure research.

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