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Diari (1800-1808)

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Book Series: I Quaderni del Lab ISBN: 9788890871214 Year: Pages: 337 Language: Italian
Publisher: Istituto per la storia del pensiero filosofico e scientifico moderno - National Research Council
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-06 11:07:57
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Like many young Neapolitan physicians, Giosuè Sangiovanni (1776-1849) was involved in the revolution of 1799. He served in the Guard of the Republic, whose tragic end marked his destiny as an exile and a scientist. Sangiovanni keeps track of this experience in his Diaries (1800-1808), hitherto unpublished, where he notes in a fast and sometimes syncopated way the record of his wanderings in Italy, France, Switzerland, Tyrol, Piedmont. There we find not only places, meetings, small events and daily life’s adventures - almost the backbone of the autobiography of an Neapolitan exile - but above all the story of an educational trip. In Paris, thanks to his contact with prominent naturalists of the time, such as Cuvier, Lamarck, Saint-Hilaire, Lacépède, this pupil of Domenico Cirillo’s reaches his scientific maturity and his academic recognition. Sangiovanni’s Diaries end with his final return to Naples, where he, now an advocate of Lamarck’s evolutionary theory, was appointed professor of the first chair of Comparative Anatomy in Italy.

Bernardino Baldi "In mechanica Aristotelis problemata exercitationes"

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Book Series: Sources 4 (Italian version of Sources 3): Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783869319605 Year: Pages: 283 Language: Italian
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 15:33:03
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"In mechanica Aristotelis problemata exercitationes", scritte da Bernardino Baldi, vengono ristampate – provviste d'introduzione e commento – come quarto volume della collana "Sources" della "Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge", la versione Italiana di "Sources 3". Il volume è disponibile in internet senza limitazioni d'accesso anche come pubblicazione elettronica "open-access" all'indirizzo www.edition-open-access.de.Il testo venne pubblicato nel 1621, quattro anni dopo la morte dell’autore. Questo libro appartiene alla lunga tradizione rinascimentale concernente lo studio dei "Problemi Meccanici" pseudo-aristotelici. A differenza della maggior parte delle altre opere scritte durante il XVI secolo, tuttavia, il testo di Baldi esprime una posizione critica nei confronti dell’approccio teorico presente nelle meccaniche pseudo-aristoteliche. Il testo delle "Exercitationes" mostra una sistematica applicazione dei principi archimedei alla spiegazione delle questioni discusse nei "Problemi Meccanici" e, dunque, illustra chiaramente la struttura a forma di patchwork della meccanica preclassica. Il testo, inoltre, presenta lunghe digressioni che ampliano considerevolmente i confini della meccanica.The "Exercitationes" were first published in 1621, four years after the death of the author. The work belongs to the long tradition of studies on the pseudo-Aristotelian "Mechanical Problems" developed during the Renaissance but, unlike most other works written during the sixteenth century, it takes a critical position against the theoretical approach of the pseudo-Aristotelian text. The "Exercitationes" display a systematic application of Archimedean principles to the explanation of the questions discussed in "Mechanical Problems" illustrating the patchwork character of preclassical mechanics. Moreover, Baldi's work presents lengthy digressions that considerably widen the boundaries of mechanics.

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