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Il lato oscuro dei Diritti umani: esigenze emancipatorie e logiche di dominio nella tutela giuridica dell’individuo

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788490319215 Year: Volume: 26 Pages: 394 Language: Italian
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-06-17 09:39:53
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Abstract

La experiencia de los derechos humanos se manifiesta a través de luces y sombras, pues los derechos adquieren su forma en un complejo juego de reflejos en el cual las exigencias de emancipación se enlazan con las lógicas de dominio. Desde un punto de vista fenomenológico, los derechos parecen estar atravesados por una dicotomía a través de la cual la universalidad no modifica (quizás consolida) el hecho de su inefectividad, la generalidad no resuelve (quizás esconde) dinámicas discriminadoras, la multiplicación más que paz social produce contraposición. Los regímenes jurídicos de los derechos se interesan también por la transformación del mismo proceso de producción; esto deriva de una complicación de la relación entre política y justicia: al mismo tiempo que la política se judicializa, la justicia se politiza. Los profundos cambios presentes en el mundo contemporáneo, que configuran un nuevo espacio geopolítico y un inédito pluralismo de los valores en un contexto de diversidad cultural, actúan como factores que modifican el sentido del discurso de los derechos humanos. Los análisis contenidos en este volumen se desarrollan sobre distintas áreas jurídicas y filosóficas. Partiendo del examen directo de algunas cuestiones clave, ponen de relieve esos problemas complejos y señalan la urgente necesidad de una reflexión sobre las posibles vías para corresponder a las reivindicaciones de libertad y de justicia expresadas en la demanda de los derechos.

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Human rigths

Spatial and Temporal Dimensions for Legal History

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 978394773056 9783944773155 Year: Pages: 300 DOI: 10.12946/gplh6 Language: Italian|English|Spanish;
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"The spatiotemporal conjunction is a fundamental aspect of the juridical reflection on the historicity of law. Despite the fact that it seems to represent an issue directly connected with the question of where legal history is heading today, it still has not been the object of a focused inquiry. Against this background, the book’s proposal consists in rethinking key confluences related to this problem in order to provide coordinates for a collective understanding and dialogue.
The aim of this volume, however, is not to offer abstract methodological considerations, but rather to rely both on concrete studies, out of which a reflection on this conjunction emerges, as well as on the reconstruction of certain research lines featuring a spatiotemporal component.
This analytical approach makes a contribution by providing some suggestions for the employment of space and time as coordinates for legal history. Indeed, contrary to those historiographical attitudes reflecting a monistic conception of space and time (as well as a Eurocentric approach), the book emphasises the need for a delocalized global perspective. In general terms, the essays collected in this book intend to take into account the multiplicity of the spatiotemporal confines, the flexibility of those instruments that serve to create chronologies and scenarios, as well as certain processes of adaptation of law to different times and into different spaces.
The spatiotemporal dynamism enables historians not only to detect new perspectives and dimensions in foregone themes, but also to achieve new and compelling interpretations of legal history. As far as the relationship between space and law is concerned, the book analyses experiences in which space operates as a determining factor of law, e.g. in terms of a field of action for law. Moreover, it outlines the attempted scales of spatiality in order to develop legal historical research. With reference to the connection between time and law, the volume sketches the possibility of considering the factor of time, not just as a descriptive tool, but as an ascriptive moment (quasi an inner feature) of a legal problem, thus making it possible to appreciate the synchronic aspects of the ‘juridical experience’.
As a whole, the volume aims to present spatiotemporality as a challenge for legal history. Indeed, reassessing the value of the spatiotemporal coordinates for legal history implies thinking through both the thematic and methodological boundaries of the discipline."

Diversità e discorso giuridico. Temi per un dialogo interdisciplinare su diritti e giustizia in tempo di transizione

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Book Series: Historia del Derecho ISSN: 22555137 ISBN: 9788490859810 Year: Volume: 48 Pages: 287 Language: Italian
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-02 12:07:43
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The relationship between law and diversity was difficult and dialectical throughout the centuries of the legal modernity. Yet to mark its routes it was not a concern for diversity since at the core of its developments there was the issue of individual before the social issue. As a matter of fact, diversity was considered extensively in modern law, but always in an instrumental way. At present this juridical approach shows some limitations, especially in the taking into account the link with the problem of protection of fundamental and human rights. Therefore, it seems appropriate to open a discussion on the issue, assuming diversity, despite its plurality of meanings, as a single topic area from which to start questioning the law. This volume is an attempt in this direction. Taking its cue from these statements and adopting a multidisciplinary perspective, it aims to explore aspects of the complex relationship between law and diversity, assuming as a framework of reference the problem of rights and justice.--------È in un continuo e sofferto rapporto dialettico che diritto e diversità si sono reciprocamente inseguiti lungo i secoli della modernità giuridica. Eppure non è stata una preoccupazione per la diversità a segnarne gli itinerari. Di essa il diritto moderno si è molto occupato ma in chiave sempre strumentale, avendo posto al centro dei suoi svolgimenti la questione dell’individuo prima che della società. Al contempo la fase attuale evidenzia una certa usura degli strumenti giuridici tradizionali e un limite complessivo di tale approccio al problema, soprattutto se si considerano i nessi della questione con la tutela dei diritti fondamentali e umani. Appare, dunque, opportuno avviare una riflessione complessiva sulla questione, assumendo la diversità, pur nella sua pluralità di valenze, come ambito tematico unitario e come categoria a partire dalla quale interrogare il diritto. Il presente volume, costituisce un tentativo in tale direzione. Esso - prendendo le mosse da tali constatazioni e avvalendosi di molteplici punti di vista disciplinari - si propone di esplorare aspetti del complesso rapporto tra diritto e diversità, assumendo come cornice di riferimento la questione dei diritti e della giustizia.

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