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Cícero: Obra e Recepção

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Humanitas Supplementum - Estudos Monográficos ISSN: 21828814 ISBN: 9789892616704 Year: Pages: 236 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1671-1 Language: Cicero, philology, philosophy, historiography, rhetoric, reception
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-01 00:11:02
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Abstract

The book brings together seven essays on Cicero written by specialists in the Author. The essays are grouped into two sections: the first one presents papers on Cicero’s works (the dialogues: Lucullus, De finibus, De oratore, De officiis); the papers in the second one discuss on both the early and late reception of Cicero (in Seneca, Petrarch and Erasmus). The authors are professors from Brazilian (Adriano Scatolin, Bianca Fanelli Morganti, Elaine Cristine Sartorelli, Sidney Calheiros de Lima), French (Carlos Lévy) and Italian universities (Aldo Setaioli, Ermanno Malaspina). The book avoids traditional biographical approach, which tends to take the works of Cicero as a reliable witness of political and family events, sometimes distrusts them as a distorted picture of public and private actors. The essays here assembled also avoid conceiving Cicero’s works as either the Author’s profession of faith in a philosophical doctrine, or a tendentious presentation of the theses of philosophical schools. Instead, the contributors adopt another interpretative key, so that, when analyzing a philosophical dialogue of Cicero, instead of seeking references to its historical moment, focus on its controversial aspects (due to the dispute between the schools of philosophy), rhetorical aspects (the amplifying devices through which the Author compares the strength of one thesis with the weakness of another), fictional aspects (including the description of the scene and the picture of the characters). Thus, it can be said that the book seeks a more appropriate approach to Cicero’s works, not taking them as mere source of historical knowledge, but considering their historicity, that is, the devices for discursive production of their own time.

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Portuguese

A Filosofia da História e da Cultura em Fichte

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Ideia ISBN: 9789892617534 Year: Pages: 314 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1754-1 Language: J. G. Fichte, Philosophy of History, Philosophy of Law
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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With contributions by some of the leading Portuguese and Spanish speaking experts in the philosophy of J. G. Fichte (1762-1814), this book focuses mainly the relation between the universality of human reason postulated by transcendental philosophy, of which Fichte is the main representative between Kant and Husserl, and its translation into concrete political, historical and cultural forms. The collected texts include significant references to the entire Fichte’s work, extending from the Rectification of the Public's Judgment on the French Revolution of 1793, until the revaluation of the importance of the role of Religion and History in the Theory of State, of 1813; between those milestones, the collected studies consider both the classic of the rational theory of the State and Law, the Fundamentals of Natural Law of 1797, and the classic at the basis of German linguistic and cultural nationalism, the Adresses to the German Nation, of 1807. The relationship between Philosophy and Law, the rational foundation of the legitimacy of State power, the relationship between Morals and Law, Human History, Revolution, Christianity, war or despotism, are issues whose discussion at the dawn of the contemporary world marked our time indelibly.

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Portuguese

As Diatribes de Epicteto, livro I

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Autores Gregos e Latinos: textos ISBN: 9789892619255 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1926-2 Language: Stoicism;Epictetus;Rome;Philosophy
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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Epictet, stoic philosopher of the 1st century C.E., was the slave of Epaphroditus, an imperial secretary of Nero and Domitian. Despite his condition, he was able to attend the classes of Musônio Rufo. Later, after his release, he founded a school in Rome, which did not last long, since Domitian expelled the philosophers from the city in 89 C.E. Epictet then went to Nicopolis, where he founded another stoic school, with many students, among them important figures of the Roman Empire. Like Socrates, Epictet wrote nothing. His philosophy came to us through the notes of his disciple Lucio Flavio Arriano Xenophon, who recorded the teachings of Epictet in eight books, four of which were lost, which composed the Diatribes of Epictet. The work is prefaced by a letter from Arriano to a certain Lucius Gelius, in which Arriano affirms that the Diatribes are nothing more than transcriptions of the lessons of Epictet. That is the reason why the work has been attributed since antiquity to Epictet.

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Portuguese

Caminhantes. Um itinerário filosófico

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Ideia ISBN: 9789892617596 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1760-2 Language: Pathway, Philosophy, Conflicting interpretations, Life, Crossroads
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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This work addresses man's current situation in the world, as compared to other historical periods, focusing on the problematic of life and its multiple crossroads which challenge current Philosophy to find a way in both language and poetry to voice the inexpressible and serve as an pathway of survival. What is sought here is a Philosophy accompanying lifeworld, in line with the phenomenological movement and its hermeneutical conversion. Walkers faces, from a philosophical point of view, the serious issues raised by violence, globalization and modern man's solitude.

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Portuguese

Casas, património, civilização. Nomos versus physis no Pensamento Grego

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Humanitas Supplementum - Estudos Monográficos ISBN: 9789892618388 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1839-5 Language: Nomos, physis, sophists, literature, philosophy, reception studies
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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This study about two concepts wants to recuperate, under a literary and philosophic perspective, the famous antithesis originated in Classical Athens, and transfered through the occidental cultures along the centuries. Therefore, retaking the arguments of past discussions, nómos versus phýsis are considered in their process of transmission and reception.

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Portuguese

Douta ignorância, Linguagem e Diálogo. O poder e os limites da palavra em Nicolau de Cusa

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Ideia ISBN: 9789892617510 Year: Pages: 451 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1752-7 Language: Learned Ignorance, Philosophy of Language, Dialogue and Tolerance, Nicholas of Cusa
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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In this book we have chosen three thematic threads to go through the philosophical-theological thinking of Nicholas of Cusa and cross it with some motives of philosophical interrogation in this second decade of the twenty-first century: learned ignorance, language and dialogue. In learned ignorance lies a way of being in knowledge that deconstructs all certainties, but does not plunge us into skepticism. By language we say and say our appropriation of reality, a language that the thinker of the fifteenth century has always recognized as dynamic but also recognized in its fragility to adequately tell the truth and the world. If our way of inhabiting knowledge is learned ignorance and if the device we use to say it is language, then dialogue emerges as a space of thought, discourse and action: thought in dialogue, discourse in dialogue, action in dialogue become modes of realization of the project of a dialogical anthropology still today deeply present.

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Portuguese

Filosofia, Psicologia e Psiquiatria: A liberdade na Antropologia de Hegel e a crítica ao modelo mecanicista da psiquiatria

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Ideia ISBN: 9789892617084 Year: Pages: 176 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1709-1 Language: Freedom, Madness, Philosophy and Psychiatry, Anti-psychiatry, Hegel, Merleau-Ponty, Anthropology, Consciousness, Unconscious, Mental disorder, Psychic, Mental life, Psychoanalysis
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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The writing seeks to launch a critical and reformer look at the concepts of madness, mental disorder and mental illness, dominated by the 20th century psychiatry whose thesis is sustained in mechanicism, which defends that mental life can summarize physiology. With the philosopher Georg W. F. Hegel It is shown that madness is not a physiological defect, but a constitutive phase of the dialectical, rational activity of the spirit, whose freedom and infinity to self-conceive is not subject to the laws of physiology. With the phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty, in a different register, but within the theme, we consolidated, now in the 20th century, that neither human consciousness nor human behavior are a series of automatic reactions, typical of causal thinking. We have finally completed these arguments with the critical thinking of a tradition of academic researchers in which Carlos Pires, Peter Breggin, Thomas Szasz or R.D. Laing, who deepened this relationship between philosophy and psychiatry.

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Portuguese

O Curso Aristotélico Jesuíta Conimbricense

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Book Series: Classica Digitalia: Portugaliae Monumenta Neolatina ISBN: 9789892615431 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1544-8 Language: Coimbra people, Philosophy in the 16th century, Aristotle
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:47
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Between 1592 and 1606, four jesuit professors from the College of Coimbra published a course of Aristotelian Philosophy, known by the title Commentarii Collegii Conimbricensis Societatis Jesu. Given its intrinsic value, he eventually knew a global influence: from the Atlantic to the Urals, the Far East and Latin America. Also some eminent philosophers (e.g. Descartes or Peirce) were readers of the work of Coimbra but, due to the numerous editions that the work met abroad, its overwhelming presence in the european university libraries, has determined the study of philosophy by thousands of students. Written in an accessible language, this monograph aims to give an updated, systematic and rigorous perspective of the main themes addressed in the work Coimbra – logic, physics, psychology, ethics and metaphysics – for the first time presented as «an exposition of philosophical science in a systematic, deductive and disputational form».

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Portuguese

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