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Angola. Os Símbolos do Poder na Sociedade Tradicional

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Book Series: Outros Títulos ISBN: 9789892619033 Year: Pages: 100 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1904-0 Language: Angola, symbols of power, traditional society
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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Abstract

Power neither exists nor stands without symbols. In a space where awareness of ethnic diversity is increasingly tending to revalue the dynamics of the traditional, it is not merely academic to provide a glimpse of the rich symbology elaborated by the different forms of organizing traditional power. This will also be one of the many concrete ways to "gather data to define and illustrate the cultural identity of peoples Bantu, of yesteryear and today," aim "Bantu International Center for Civilization", an organization recently created to study and preserve the cultural heritage common to Africa's Banta. Angola is a field particularly rich in cultural traditions of this kind. In its territory numerous principalities and families were developed in which the power exercised under varied forms of royalty. This diversity sought to account for the selection of exposed objects; In writing texts, however, it was not possible to go beyond the most representative groups: the Kongo (in particular the Woyo subgroup) and the Ovimbundu. Suffering from the vicissitudes of different African histories (pre-colonial, colonial, post-colonial) the symbols of power survived even when confined only to their ritual component. There was even an enlargement determined by the incorporation of acculturated symbols, namely religious ones (crucifix and rosary, among others). The different anthropological collections around the world are in some cases unique testimonies of this "show of power" that only disappeared in appearance as it is still very much alive inside. Some testimonies of these symbols were collected less than half a century ago (M. A. F. de Oliveira), others are reborn from an apparent state of lethargy taking on new expression (see in particular the growing claim of the role of women in the transformation of Angolan society and the female component of power in the tradition of Kongo – M. L. Rodrigues de Areia); still others manifest themselves in the consistent demand that the holders of power assume themselves as defenders of life and what conditions it - a clear reflection of the traditional concept of the charismatic chief (sacred royalty) to whom the fertility of the fields such as that of women was imputed. women, the occurrence of rain as the scourge of drought. The analysis of the testimonies of traditional royals, which are of the past, must not only raise, besides the inference of the symbolization mechanisms resulting from social structures, also from the past, the ever- present question of the "systems of power and the conditions of its formation and transformation" O. Houart ); on the one hand, they provide the evocation of a past that reaffirms itself as an element of cultural identity; on the other, they justify a new discourse on the exercise of power. [M. L. RODRIGUES DE AREIA]

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Portuguese

Catástrofes Mistas. Uma perspetiva ambiental

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Book Series: Riscos e Catástrofes ISBN: 9789892619026 Year: Pages: 363 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1901-9 Language: Risks, dangers, crises, catastrophes, territories, society
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:46
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The mixed risks, of environmental component, are associated with a potentially hazardous phenomenon with combined causes, that is, for its manifestation compete natural conditions and anthropic actions. In this book, more than a dozen risks are analyzed, which are part of two main typologies: the mixed risks of atmospheric component, mainly associated with changes in the chemical composition of the atmosphere, and the mixed risks of geodynamic component, which relate to forces and processes that act on the Earth (internal geodynamics, for example the risk of induced seismicity, and external geodynamics, with emphasis on the risks of erosion, desertification, salinisation, pollution and forest fires). In all risk typologies, here we analyzed, the contribution of the human being, through its actions and activities, constitutes a common element, extending, unambiguously, its causes and consequences. Therefore, all authors are unanimous about the need to implement integrated measures and actions to safeguard the main natural resources.

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Portuguese

Riscos e crises: da teoria

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Book Series: Riscos e Catástrofes ISBN: 9789892616964 Year: Pages: 523 DOI: 10.14195/978-989-26-1697-1 Language: Risks, dangers, crises, catastrophes, territories, society
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-28 16:16:47
License: Coimbra University Press

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This book aims to frame the study of the different types of risk involving the intervention of civil protection agents, at the same time that it seeks to specify the meaning, in the Portuguese language, of some of the main concepts associated with risk theory and contributing to the definition of the methodology about the study of physical and human hazards, designed with a holistic character and therefore different from the parcelary analyses made by the science which contributes to the methodology of their respective specialties, whether it is natural sciences, social sciences and humanities or economic sciences. In this way and unlike these more specific sciences, which have a more specialised view and, therefore, also more in the risk, the sciences about the study of physical and human hazards seek to concentrate on the overall risk study, through a holistic view that encompasses the different types of manifestations because they materialize. In fact, only the sciences about the study of physical and human hazards possess all the risks as a central and unique object of study, involving all types and, also, their different phases of manifestation, from prevention to the recovery of areas where they have manifested themselves, and also their stakeholders, from the characters to the infrastructures, contrary to what happens to other sciences that consider the risks more as manifestations, which are studied only in aspects that relate to their specialty. Moreover, this approach about the study of physical and human hazards seeks to be global and systemic, that is, it tries to take into account all the elements that explain different types of risk, from its origin: natural, anthropic or mixed, to the consequences caused by its manifestation, both in people, in their goods and possessions. Finally, we consider that education is the most appropriate way to solve the problems resulting from the manifestation of risks, so that the technical-scientific knowledge, materialized in several knowledge, is fundamental for a properly sustained education. For all these reasons, the publication of this book aims to contribute to the knowledge about the study of physical and human hazards and, through it, to a better education and a greater resilience of the population to the manifestations of risk and, therefore, contribute to the reduction of the risk.

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Portuguese

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