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Tax, Social Policy and Gender

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ISBN: 9781760461478 Year: Pages: 384 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Economics --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:56
License: ANU Press

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Gender inequality is profoundly unjust and in clear contradiction to the philosophy of the ‘fair go’. In spite of some action by recent governments, Australia has fallen behind in policy and outcomes, even as the G20 group of nations, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development and the International Monetary Fund are paying renewed attention to gender inequality. Tax, Social Policy and Gender presents new research on entrenched gender inequality in a comparative framework of human rights and fiscal sustainability. Ground-breaking empirical studies examine unequal returns to education for women and men, decision-making about child care by fathers and mothers, the history and gendered effects of the income tax and family payments, and women in the top 1 per cent. Contributors demonstrate how Australia’s tax, social security, child care, parental leave, education, work and retirement income policies intersect to compound gender inequality. Tax, Social Policy and Gender calls for a rethinking of equality and efficiency in tax and social policy and provides new policy solutions. It offers a pathway to achieve gender mainstreaming for women’s economic security and the wellbeing of all Australians.

Diversity in Leadership: Australian women, past and present

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781925021707 Year: Pages: 339 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515955 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:27
License: ANU Press

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Diversity in Leadership: Australian women, past and present provides a new understanding of the historical and contemporary aspects of Indigenous and non-Indigenous women’s leadership in a range of local, national and international contexts.

Tranformations of Gender in Melanesia

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760460884 Year: DOI: 10.22459/WIWCRC.01.2017 [2] Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-06 11:01:20
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Despite the plethora of research on gender and the many projects designed to improve their status in the Pacific region, women continue to be disadvantaged and marginalised in social, economic and political spheres. How are we to understand this and what does it mean for researchers, policy-makers and development practitioners? This book examines these questions, partly by looking back but also by continuing the effort to explain and understand gender inequities in the Pacific through reference to the concept of societies in transition. The contributors discuss emerging masculinities and femininities in the Pacific in order to chart the development of these in their contexts. Exploring how contemporary Pacific identities are shaped by local contexts and traditions, they focus on how these are remade through interaction with global ideas, images and practices, including new forms of Christianity and economic transformations. Grounded in recent, original research in both the villages and towns of Melanesia, the collection engages with the study of gender in Melanesia as well as scholarship on global modernities.

Keywords

pacific --- gender --- melanesia

Power and International relations: Essays in Honour of Coral Bell

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925022117 Year: Pages: 140 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515956 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:13
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Coral Mary Bell AO, who died in 2012, was one of the world’s foremost academic experts on international relations, crisis management and alliance diplomacy. This collection of essays by more than a dozen of her friends and colleagues is intended to honour her life and examine her ideas and, through them, her legacy.

Keywords

policy --- politics --- biography --- gender studies

Gender Violence & Human Rights: Seeking Justice in Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781760460709 Year: DOI: 10.22459/GVHR.12.2016 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science --- Gender Studies --- Social Sciences --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-18 11:01:34
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The postcolonial states of Fiji, Papua New Guinea and Vanuatu operate today in a global arena in which human rights are widely accepted. As ratifiers of UN treaties such as the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women and the Convention on the Rights of the Child, these Pacific Island countries have committed to promoting women’s and girls’ rights, including the right to a life free of violence. Yet local, national and regional gender values are not always consistent with the principles of gender equality and women’s rights that undergird these globalising conventions. This volume critically interrogates the relation between gender violence and human rights as these three countries and their communities and citizens engage with, appropriate, modify and at times resist human rights principles and their implications for gender violence. Grounded in extensive anthropological, historical and legal research, the volume should prove a crucial resource for the many scholars, policymakers and activists who are concerned about the urgent and ubiquitous problem of gender violence in the western Pacific.

Focality and Extension in Kinship

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ISBN: 9781760461812 Year: Pages: 428 DOI: 10.22459/FEK.04.2018 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-16 11:01:58
License: ANU Press

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When we think of kinship, we usually think of ties between people based upon blood or marriage. But we also have other ways—nowadays called ‘performative’—of establishing kinship, or hinting at kinship: many Christians have, in addition to parents, godparents; members of a trade union may refer to each other as ‘brother’ or ‘sister’. Similar performative ties are even more common among the so-called ‘tribal’ peoples that anthropologists have studied and, especially in recent years, they have received considerable attention from scholars in this field. However, these scholars tend to argue that performative kinship in the Tribal World is semantically on a par with kinship established through procreation and marriage. Harold Scheffler, long-time Professor of Anthropology at Yale University, has argued, by contrast, that procreative ties are everywhere semantically central, i.e. focal, that they provide bases from which other kinship ties are extended. Most of the essays in this volume illustrate the validity of Scheffler’s position, though two contest it, and one exemplifies the soundness of a similarly universalistic stance in gender behaviour. This book will be of interest to everyone concerned with current controversy in kinship and gender studies, as well as those who would know what anthropologists have to say about human nature.

Gendering the Field

Author:
Book Series: Asia-Pacific Environment Monograph ISBN: 9781921862175 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459251 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The chapters in this book offer concrete examples from all over the world to show how community livelihoods in mineral-rich tracts can be more sustainable by fully integrating gender concerns into all aspects of the relationship between mining practices and mine affected communities. By looking at the mining industry and the mine-affected communities through a gender lens, the authors indicate a variety of practical strategies to mitigate the impacts of mining on women’s livelihoods without undermining women’s voice and status within the mine-affected communities. The term ‘field’ in the title of this volume is not restricted to the open-cut pits of large scale mining operations which are male-dominated workplaces, or with mining as a masculine, capital-intensive industry, but also connotes the wider range of mineral extractive practices which are carried out informally by women and men of artisanal communities at much smaller geographical scales throughout the mineral-rich tracts of poorer countries.

Sinuous Objects

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760461331 Year: Pages: 322 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-10 11:01:57
License: ANU Press

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Some 40 years ago, Pacific anthropology was dominated by debates about ‘women’s wealth’. These exchanges were generated by Annette Weiner’s (1976) critical reappraisal of Bronisław Malinowski’s classic work on the Trobriand Islands, and her observations that women’s production of ‘wealth’ (banana leaf bundles and skirts) for elaborate transactions in mortuary rituals occupied a central role in Trobriand matrilineal cosmology and social organisation. This volume brings the debates about women’s wealth back to the fore by critically revisiting and engaging with ideas about gender and materiality, value, relationality and the social life and agency of things. The chapters, interspersed by three poems, evoke the sinuous materiality of the different objects made by women across the Pacific, and the intimate relationship between these objects of value and sensuous, gendered bodies. In the Epilogue, Professor Margaret Jolly observes how the volume also ‘trace[s] a more abstract sinuosity in the movement of these things through time and place, as they coil through different regimes of value … The eight chapters … trace winding paths across the contemporary Pacific, from the Trobriands in Milne Bay, to Maisin, Wanigela and Korafe in Oro Province, Papua New Guinea, through the islands of Tonga to diasporic Tongan and Cook Islander communities in New Zealand’. This comparative perspective elucidates how women’s wealth is defined, valued and contested in current exchanges, bride-price debates, church settings, development projects and the challenges of living in diaspora. Importantly, this reveals how women themselves preserve the different values and meanings in gift-giving and exchanges, despite processes of commodification that have resulted in the decline or replacement of ‘women’s wealth’.

Keywords

women's wealth --- pacific --- gender --- anthropology

Wives and Wanderers in a New Guinea Highlands Society

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ISBN: 9781925022155 Year: Pages: 202 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515940 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:15
License: ANU Press

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Wives and Wanderers in a New Guinea Highlands Society brings to the reader anthropologist Marie Reay’s field research from the 1950s and 1960s on women’s lives in the Wahgi Valley, Central Highlands of Papua New Guinea.

Divine Domesticities

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925021943 Year: Pages: 519 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_515932 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-02-01 11:01:17
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Divine Domesticities: Christian Paradoxes in Asia and the Pacific fills a huge lacuna in the scholarly literature on missionaries in Asia/Pacific and is transnational history at its finest.

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