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Revolutionizing a world

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911576631 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.14324/ 9781911576631 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-01 11:01:59
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This book investigates the long-term continuity of large-scale states and empires, and its effect on the Near East’s social fabric, including the fundamental changes that occurred to major social institutions. Its geographical coverage spans, from east to west, modern-day Libya and Egypt to Central Asia, and from north to south, Anatolia to southern Arabia, incorporating modern-day Oman and Yemen. Its temporal coverage spans from the late eighth century BCE to the seventh century CE during the rise of Islam and collapse of the Sasanian Empire. The authors argue that the persistence of large states and empires starting in the eighth/seventh centuries BCE, which continued for many centuries, led to new socio-political structures and institutions emerging in the Near East. The primary processes that enabled this emergence were large-scale and long-distance movements, or population migrations. These patterns of social developments are analysed under different aspects: settlement patterns, urban structure, material culture, trade, governance, language spread and religion, all pointing at movement as the main catalyst for social change. This book’s argument is framed within a larger theoretical framework termed as ‘universalism’, a theory that explains many of the social transformations that happened to societies in the Near East, starting from the Neo-Assyrian period and continuing for centuries. Among other influences, the effects of these transformations are today manifested in modern languages, concepts of government, universal religions and monetized and globalized economies.

Keywords

empire --- state --- near east --- universalism

Britain, France and the Decolonization of Africa: Future Imperfect?

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781911307730 Year: Pages: 254 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781911307730 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:18
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Looking at decolonization in the conditional tense, this volume teases out the complex and uncertain ends of British and French empire in Africa during the period of ‘late colonial shift’ after 1945. Rather than view decolonization as an inevitable process, the contributors together explore the crucial historical moments in which change was negotiated, compromises were made, and debates were staged. Three core themes guide the analysis: development, contingency and entanglement. The chapters consider the ways in which decolonization was governed and moderated by concerns about development and profit. A complementary focus on contingency allows deeper consideration of how colonial powers planned for ‘colonial futures’, and how divergent voices greeted the end of empire. Thinking about entanglements likewise stresses both the connections that existed between the British and French empires in Africa, and those that endured beyond the formal transfer of power.

Keywords

empire --- france --- decolonization --- africa --- britain --- colonial

The East India Company at Home 1757-1857

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781787350274 Year: Pages: 538 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787350274 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-16 11:01:46
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The East India Company at Home, 1757–1857 explores how empire in Asia shaped British country houses, their interiors and the lives of their residents. It includes chapters from researchers based in a wide range of settings such as archives and libraries, museums, heritage organisations, the community of family historians and universities. It moves beyond conventional academic narratives and makes an important contribution to ongoing debates around how empire impacted Britain. The volume focuses on the propertied families of the East India Company at the height of Company rule. From the Battle of Plassey in 1757 to the outbreak of the Indian Uprising in 1857, objects, people and wealth flowed to Britain from Asia. As men in Company service increasingly shifted their activities from trade to military expansion and political administration, a new population of civil servants, army officers, surveyors and surgeons journeyed to India to make their fortunes. These Company men and their families acquired wealth, tastes and identities in India, which travelled home with them to Britain. Their stories, the biographies of their Indian possessions and the narratives of the stately homes in Britain that came to house them, frame our explorations of imperial culture and its British legacies.

Keywords

empire --- east india company --- asia --- britain

Guerra, impero, rivoluzione: Russia, 1914-1917

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Book Series: Clio: Saggi di scienze storiche, archeologiche e storico-artistiche ISSN: 2532-4608 ISBN: 9788868870409 Year: Volume: 22 Pages: 388 DOI: 10.6093/978-88-6887-040-9 Language: ita
Publisher: FedOA - Federico II University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-09 17:36:38
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The dramatic involvement of the Tsarist Empire in the First World War marks a turning point in the history of Russia and its surrounding areas. The dynamics triggered by the challenge of total mobilization gave rise to political, social, economic and cultural transformations destined to have a profound and prolonged impact on Europe and the whole world during the 20-th century. The studies and the researches collected in this volume explore key themes of the crisis that hit the imperial space: the patriotic culture and the representation of the enemy in war propaganda; the interweaving of war effort and national issues in the imperial peripheries; the intensified competition between the multiethnic empires in the context of total war; the breakthrough achieved by nationalisms during the 1917 revolutions. Special attention is also devoted to the analysis of the international historiographical trends that have emerged in the last quarter of a century and which have redefined the interpretation of the period 1914-1921 / 22.

Die Tagebücher des Grafen Egbert Belcredi 1850-1894

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783205200673 Year: Pages: 1144 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_620583 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 335
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-03 11:01:34
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The edition includes the diaries of Count Egbert Belcredi from 1850 until his death in 1894. Belcredi – who was the brother of Austrian Prime Minister Richard Belcredi (1865-67) – was an outspoken Conservative, with links both to the Bohemian States Rights Party and the early Christian Social movement in Vienna.

Information and Empire: Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1854

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ISBN: 9781783743735 9781783743759 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 444 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0122 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-21 12:37:10
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From the mid-sixteenth to the mid-nineteenth century Russia was transformed from a moderate-sized, land-locked principality into the largest empire on earth. How did systems of information and communication shape and reflect this extraordinary change?Information and Mechanisms of Communication in Russia, 1600-1850 brings together a range of contributions to shed some light on this complex question. Communication networks such as the postal service and the gathering and circulation of news are examined alongside the growth of a bureaucratic apparatus that informed the government about its country and its people. The inscription of space is considered from the point of view of mapping and the changing public ‘graphosphere’ of signs and monuments. More than a series of institutional histories, this book is concerned with the way Russia discovered itself, envisioned itself and represented itself to its people.Innovative and scholarly, this collection breaks new ground in its approach to communication and information as a field of study in Russia. More broadly, it is an accessible contribution to pre-modern information studies, taking as its basis a country whose history often serves to challenge habitual Western models of development. It is important reading not only for specialists in Russian Studies, but also for students and non-Russianists who are interested in the history of information and communications.

The Red Countess

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781783745562 Year: Pages: 452 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0140 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:13
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Born into a distinguished aristocratic family of the old Habsburg Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood and early youth travelling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. Never comfortable with the traditional roles women were expected to play, she broke as a young adult both with her family and, after five years on his estate in the old Czarist Russia, with her German Junker husband, and set out as an independent, free-thinking individual, earning a precarious living as a writer. She translated over 70 books from English, French and Russian into German, notably the novels of Upton Sinclair, which she turned into best-sellers in Germany; produced a series of detective novels under a pseudonym; wrote seven engaging and thought-provoking novels of her own, six of which were translated into English; contributed countless insightful short stories and articles to newspapers and magazines; and, having become a committed socialist, achieved international renown in the 1920s with her Fairy Tales for Workers’ Children, which were widely translated including into Chinese and Japanese. Because of her fervent and outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she and her life-long Jewish partner, Stefan Klein, had to flee first Germany, where they had settled, and then, in 1938, her native Austria. They found refuge in England, where Zur Mühlen died, forgotten and virtually penniless, in 1951. This new, expanded edition contains: Zur Mühlen’s autobiographical memoir, The End and the Beginning; The editor’s detailed notes on the persons and events mentioned in the autobiography; A selection of Zur Mühlen’s short stories and two fairy tales; A synopsis of Zur Mühlen’s untranslated novel Our Daughters the Nazi Girls; An essay by the Editor on Zur Mühlen’s life and work; A bibliography of Zur Mühlen’s novels in English translation; A portfolio of selected illustrations of her work by George Grosz and Heinrich Vogeler; A free online supplement with additional original material&#xD;

The Red Countess : Select Autobiographical and Fictional Writing of Hermynia Zur Mühlen (1883-1951)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9791036524561 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:40
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Born into a distinguished aristocratic family of the old Habsburg Empire, Hermynia Zur Mühlen spent much of her childhood and early youth travelling in Europe and North Africa with her diplomat father. Never comfortable with the traditional roles women were expected to play, as a young adult she broke both with her family and, after five years on his estate in the old Czarist Russia, with her German Junker husband, and set out as a independent, free-thinking individual, earning a precarious living as a writer. Zur Mühlen translated over 70 books from English, French and Russian into German, notably the novels of Upton Sinclair, which she turned into best-sellers in Germany; produced a series of detective novels under a pseudonym; wrote seven engaging and thought-provoking novels of her own, six of which were translated into English; contributed countless insightful short stories and articles to newspapers and magazines; and, having become a committed socialist, achieved international renown in the 1920s with her Fairy Tales for Workers’ Children, which were widely translated including into Chinese and Japanese. Because of her fervent and outspoken opposition to National Socialism, she and her life-long Jewish partner, Stefan Klein, had to flee first Germany, where they had settled, and then, in 1938, her native Austria. They found refuge in England, where Zur Mühlen died, forgotten and virtually penniless, in 1951.

Die Mission des American Board in Syrien im 19. Jahrhundert

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783515113786 Year: Pages: 317 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_615739 Language: German
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 332
Added to DOAB on : 2016-11-24 11:01:16
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The focus of this study is the “Syria Mission”, directed by the Protestant missionary society American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) from 1819 to 1870 in the Ottoman province of Syria, operating mainly within the territory of present-day Lebanon. The analysis of the cultural transfer between the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America undertaken in this study focuses on four relevant protagonists, whose contributions have not yet been sufficiently explored in missiological studies: The missionaries Eli Smith and Cornelius Van Dyck as well as the Syrian Protestants Butrus al-Bustani and John Wortabet. As a result, the Syria Mission of the ABCFM demonstrates how two different cultures met in a so called contact zone in the mission field and how these dialogue partners, despite many conflicts and disagreements, succeeded in contributing towards a fruitful dialogue.

The Mission of the American Board in Syria

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783515115995 Year: Pages: 300 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624639 Language: English
Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 332
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-25 11:01:29
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The focus of this study is the “Syria Mission”, directed by the Protestant missionary society American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions (ABCFM) from 1819 to 1870 in the Ottoman province of Syria, operating mainly within the territory of present-day Lebanon. The analysis of the cultural transfer between the Ottoman Empire and the United States of America undertaken in this study focuses on four relevant protagonists, whose contributions have not yet been sufficiently explored in missiological studies: The missionaries Eli Smith and Cornelius Van Dyck as well as the Syrian Protestants Butrus al-Bustani and John Wortabet. As a result, the Syria Mission of the ABCFM demonstrates how two different cultures met in a so called contact zone in the mission field and how these dialogue partners, despite many conflicts and disagreements, succeeded in contributing towards a fruitful dialogue.

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