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Remembering and Disremembering the Dead: Posthumous Punishment, Harm and Redemption over Time

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137538277 9781137538284 Year: Pages: 103 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-53828-4 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 15:23:42
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This book is a multidisciplinary work that investigates the notion of posthumous harm over time. The question what is and when is death, affects how we understand the possibility of posthumous harm and redemption. Whilst it is impossible to hurt the dead, it is possible to harm the wishes, beliefs and memories of persons that once lived. In this way, this book highlights the vulnerability of the dead, and makes connections to a historical oeuvre, to add critical value to similar concepts in history that are overlooked by most philosophers. There is a long historical view of case studies that illustrate the conceptual character of posthumous punishment; that is, dissection and gibbetting of the criminal corpse after the Murder Act (1752), and those shot at dawn during the First World War. A long historical view is also taken of posthumous harm; that is, body-snatching in the late Georgian period, and organ-snatching at Alder Hey in the 1990s.

Punishing the Criminal Corpse, 1700-1840: Aggravated Forms of the Death Penalty in England

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137513601 9781137513618 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-51361-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 15:35:22
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This book analyses the different types of post-execution punishments and other aggravated execution practices, the reasons why they were advocated, and the decision, enshrined in the Murder Act of 1752, to make two post-execution punishments, dissection and gibbeting, an integral part of sentences for murder. It traces the origins of the Act, and then explores the ways in which Act was actually put into practice. After identifying the dominance of penal dissection throughout the period, it looks at the abandonment of burning at the stake in the 1790s, the rapid decline of hanging in chains just after 1800, and the final abandonment of both dissection and gibbeting in 1832 and 1834. It concludes that the Act, by creating differentiation in levels of penalty, played an important role within the broader capital punishment system well into the nineteenth century. While eighteenth- and early nineteenth-century historians have extensively studied the ‘Bloody Code’ and the resulting interactions around the ‘Hanging Tree’, they have largely ignored an important dimension of the capital punishment system – the courts extensive use of aggravated and post-execution punishments. With this book, Peter King aims to rectify this neglected historical phenomenon.

The Golden and Ghoulish Age of the Gibbet in Britain

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137600882 9781137600899 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1057/978-1-137-60089-9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 15:41:55
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This book is the first academic study of the post-mortem practice of gibbeting (‘hanging in chains’), since the nineteenth century. Gibbeting involved placing the executed body of a malefactor in an iron cage and suspending it from a tall post. A body might remain in the gibbet for many decades, while it gradually fell to pieces. Hanging in chains was a very different sort of post-mortem punishment from anatomical dissection, although the two were equal alternatives in the eyes of the law. Where dissection obliterated and de-individualised the body, hanging in chains made it monumental and rooted it in the landscape, adding to personal notoriety. Focusing particularly on the period 1752-1832, this book provides a summary of the historical evidence, the factual history of gibbetting which explores the locations of gibbets, the material technologies involved in hanging in chains, and the actual process from erection to eventual collapse. It also considers the meanings, effects and legacy of this gruesome practice.

Executing Magic in the Modern Era: Criminal Bodies and the Gallows in Popular Medicine

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9783319595184 9783319595191 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59519-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 15:55:19
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This book explores the magical and medical history of executions from the eighteenth to the early twentieth century by looking at the afterlife potency of criminal corpses, the healing activities of the executioner, and the magic of the gallows site. The use of corpses in medicine and magic has been recorded back into antiquity. The lacerated bodies of Roman gladiators were used as a source of curative blood, for instance. In early modern Europe, a great trade opened up in ancient Egyptian mummies and the fat of executed criminals, plundered as medicinal cure-alls. However, this is the first book to consider the demand for the blood of the executed, the desire for human fat, the resort to the hanged man’s hand, and the trade in hanging rope in the modern era. It ends by look at the spiritual afterlife of dead criminals.

Capital Punishment and the Criminal Corpse in Scotland, 1740–1834

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9783319620176 9783319620183 Year: Pages: 243 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-62018-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:15
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This book provides the most in-depth study of capital punishment in Scotland between the mid-eighteenth and early nineteenth century to date. Based upon an extensive gathering and analysis of previously untapped resources, it takes the reader on a journey from the courtrooms of Scotland to the theatre of the gallows. It introduces them to several of the malefactors who faced the hangman’s noose and explores the traditional hallmarks of the spectacle of the scaffold. It demonstrates that the period between 1740 and 1834 was one of discussion, debate and fundamental change in the use of the death sentence and how it was staged in practice. In addition, the study provides an innovative investigation of the post-mortem punishment of the criminal corpse. It offers the reader an insight into the scene at the foot of the gibbets from which criminal bodies were displayed, and around the dissection tables of Scotland’s main universities where criminal bodies were used as cadavers for anatomical demonstration. In doing so it reveals an intermediate stage in the long-term disappearance of public bodily punishment.&#xD;&#xD;

Promoting effective enforcement of the prohibition against corporal punishment in South African schools

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ISBN: 9781920538248 Year: Pages: 59 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:20:32
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About the publicationThe prohibition against corporal punishment is an integral part of the broader transformation of South African education. The prohibition seeks to replace South Africa’s violent and authoritarian past with an ethos respectful of human dignity and bodily integrity.About the editors:Faranaaz Veriava has a BA LLB from the University of the Witwatersrand and a LLM in human rights and constitutional practice from the Centre for Human Rights at the University of Pretoria.Table of ContentsPREFACEACKNOWLEDGMENTSEXECUTIVE SUMMARYABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMSIntroduction1.1 The purpose of the report1.2 Methodology1.3 The structure of the reportCorporal punishment in context2.1 A historical overview of corporal punishment in South Africa2.2 Debates on corporal punishment2.3 An ‘official ambivalence’ to the prohibitionThe incidence of corporal punishment3.1 An overview of statistical data3.2 A sample study of corporal punishment complaints3.3 Observations from the corporal punishment casesThe legal and policy framework governing the prohibition against corporal punishment in South Africa4.1 The protection of learners from corporal punishment4.2 The sanction of educators administering corporal punishment4.3 Best practice case studies: Western Cape and GautengCorporal punishment at independent schools5.1 An overview of independent schools in South Africa5.2 The legal framework governing independent schools5.3 Improving mechanisms of enforcement at independent schoolsDeveloping effective ‘legal and educational’ programmes in enforcing the ban against corporal punishment6.1 Shifting attitudes and implementing alternatives to corporal punishment6.2 Improved mechanisms for the enforcement of the corporal punishment ban6.3 Proposed interventionsConclusionLIST OF REFERENCES

A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 DOI: 10.1057/9781137444011 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: Law --- Psychology --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-21 16:35:46
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Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

Introduction (Book chapter)

Book title: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

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Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137444011 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: History --- Psychology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
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Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

The Gibbet in the Landscape (Book chapter)

Book title: A Global History of Execution and the Criminal Corpse

Author:
Book Series: Palgrave Historical Studies in the Criminal Corpse and its Afterlife ISBN: 9781137444011 9781137443991 Year: Pages: 313 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Wellcome Trust - 095904
Subject: History --- Psychology --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:02
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Through studies of beheaded Irish traitors, smugglers hung in chains on the English coast, suicides subjected to the surgeon's knife in Dresden and the burial of executed Nazi war criminals, this volume provides a fresh perspective on the history of capital punishment. This book has two open access chapters under a CC BY license.

Reward- and aversion-related processing in the brain: translational evidence for separate and shared circuits

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198368 Year: Pages: 181 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-836-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Neurology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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Affective brain circuits underpin our moods and emotions. Appetitive and aversive stimuli from our exteroceptive and interoceptive worlds play a key role in the activity of these circuits, but we still do not know precisely how to characterize these so-called reward-related and aversion-related systems. Moreover, we do we yet understand how they interact anatomically or functionally. The aim of the current project was to gather some translational evidence to help clarify the role of such circuits. A multi-dimensional problem in its own right, the book contains 14 works from authors exploring these questions at many levels, from the cellular to the cognitive-behavioral, and from both experimental and conceptual viewpoints. The editorial which introduces the book provides brief summaries of each perspective (Hayes, Northoff, Greenshaw, 2015). While questions of how to accurately define affect- and emotion-related concepts at the psychological level are far from answered, here we have attempted to provide some insight into the brain-based underpinnings of such processes. The near future will undoubtedly involve making new inroads and will require the joint efforts of behavioral, brain-based, and philosophical perspectives to do so.

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