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Nature-Based Solutions to Climate Change Adaptation in Urban Areas: Linkages between Science, Policy and Practice

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Book Series: Theory and Practice of Urban Sustainability Transitions ISSN: 2199-5508 / 2199-5516 ISBN: 9783319537504 9783319560915 Year: Pages: 342 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-56091-5 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 14:49:04
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This book brings together research findings and experiences from science, policy and practice to highlight and debate the importance of nature-based solutions to climate change adaptation in urban areas. Emphasis is given to the potential of nature-based approaches to create multiple-benefits for society.The expert contributions present recommendations for creating synergies between ongoing policy processes, scientific programmes and practical implementation of climate change and nature conservation measures in global urban areas.

African Markets and the Utu-buntu Business Model

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ISBN: 9781928331780 9781928331797 9781928331803 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2628333 Language: English
Publisher: African Minds
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-26 11:21:03
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The persistence of indigenous African markets in the context of a hostile or neglectful business and policy environment makes them worthy of analysis. An investigation of Afrocentric business ethics is long overdue. Attempting to understand the actions and efforts of informal traders and artisans from their own points of view, and analysing how they organise and get by, allows for viable approaches to be identified to integrate them into global urban models and cultures. Using the utu-ubuntu model to understand the activities of traders and artisans in Nairobi’s markets, this book explores how, despite being consistently excluded and disadvantaged, they shape urban spaces in and around the city, and contribute to its development as a whole. With immense resilience, and without discarding their own socio-cultural or economic values, informal traders and artisans have created a territorial complex that can be described as the African metropolis. African Markets and the Utu-buntu Business Model sheds light on the ethics and values that underpin the work of traders and artisans in Nairobi, as well as their resilience and positive impact on urbanisation. This book makes an important contribution to the discourse on urban economics and planning in African cities.

Keywords

utu-buntu --- markets --- Africa --- urban planning --- cities

Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia : Foreign Policies and the Korean Peninsula

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ISBN: 9782821876316 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
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Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia off ers the latest understanding of complex global problems in the region, including nuclear weapons, urban insecurity, energy, and climate change. Detailed case studies of China, North and South Korea, and Japan demonstrate the importance of civil society and ‘civic diplomacy' in reaching shared solutions to these problems in East Asia and beyond. Each chapter describes regional civil society initiatives that tackle complex challenges to East Asia's security. In doing so, the book identifies key pressure points at which civil society can push for constructive changes―especially ones that reduce the North Korean threat to its neighbors. Unusually, this book is both theoretical and practical. Complexity, Security and Civil Society in East Asia presents strategies that can be led by civil society and negotiated by its diplomats to realize peace, security, and sustainability worldwide. It shows that networked civic diplomacy offers solutions to these urgent issues that official ‘complex diplomacy' cannot. By providing a new theoretical framework based on empirical observation, this volume is a must read for diplomats, scholars, students, journalists, activists, and individual readers seeking insight into how to solve the crucial issues of our time.

Keywords

war --- Asia --- diplomacy --- safety --- cities --- globalisation

Imagining the Future City

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Book Series: Sustainable Cities Series ISBN: 9781909188181 9781909188198 9781909188204 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5334/bag Language: English
Publisher: Ubiquity Press
Subject: Geography --- Sociology --- Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2013-11-18 10:30:13
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London is one of the world’s leading cities. It is home to an extraordinary concentration and diversity of people, industries, politics, religions and ideas, and plays an important role in our highly globalised and tightly networked modern world. What does the future hold for London? Investigating any aspect of the city’s future reveals a complex picture of interrelations and dependencies. The London 2062 Programme from University College London brings a new, cross-disciplinary and highly collaborative approach to investigating this complexity. The programme crosses departmental boundaries within the university, and promotes active collaboration between leading academics and those who shape London through policy and practice. This book approaches the question of London’s future by considering the city in terms of Connections, Things, Power and Dreams.

Chapter 9: 'Crowd Spatial Patterns at Bus Stops: Security Implications and Effects of Warning Messages' from book: Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781137556363 Year: Pages: 23 DOI: 10.1057/9781137457653_9 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2015-12-18 11:42:04
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This is a chapter from Safety and Security in Transit Environments: An Interdisciplinary Approach edited by Vania Ceccato and Andrew Newton. This chapter is available open access under a CC BY license. As other chapters in Safety and Security in Transit Environments assert, crimes such as pickpocketing can concentrate near bus stops, and crowding and congestion is a factor that heightens this risk. But to target interventions effectively, it is useful to determine what local-level interactions characterise this crowding behaviour. This paper aims to provide a first step to using data collected from laboratory experiments to address questions from crime and transport research. The experiment considered differences in interpersonal distances to further analyse crowding behaviour to attain further insight that could narrow the focus of possible interventions. Audio warnings are examined as a possible solution, and findings show that crowding peaks when passengers board the bus, and audio messages may be one approach for addressing this. To conclude, implications of identifying boarding as a problem area, and the effectiveness of warning messages as a situational crime prevention tool are discussed.

Working, Housing: Urbanizing: The International Year of Global Understanding - IYGU

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Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Global Understanding ISSN: 2509-7784 ISBN: 9783319451794 9783319451800 Year: Pages: 60 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45180-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Ecology --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-09 11:50:21
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This book presents an incisive outline of the historical development and geography of cities. It focuses on three themes that constitute essential foundations for any understanding of urban form and function. These are: (a) the shifting patterns of urbanization through historical time, (b) the role of cities as centers of production and work in a globalizing world, and (c) the diverse housing and shelter needs of urban populations. The book also explores a number of critical urban problems and the political challenges that they pose. Empirical evidence from urban situations on all five continents is brought into play throughout the discussion.

Coming to Terms with Superdiversity

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783319960418 Year: Pages: 241 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-96041-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book discusses Rotterdam as clear example of a superdiverse city that is only reluctantly coming to terms with this new reality. Rotterdam, as is true for many post-industrial cities, has seen a considerable backlash against migration and diversity: the populist party Leefbaar Rotterdam of the late Pim Fortuyn is already for many years the largest party in the city. At the same time Rotterdam has become a majority minority city where the people of Dutch descent have become a numerical minority themselves. The book explores how Rotterdam is coming to terms with superdiversity, by an analysis of its migration history of the city, the composition of the migrant population and the Dutch working class population, local politics and by a comparison with Amsterdam and other cities. As such it contributes to a better understanding not just of how and why super-diverse cities emerge but also how and why the reaction to a super-diverse reality can be so different. By focusing on different aspects of superdiversity, coming from different angles and various disciplinary backgrounds, this book will be of interest to students and scholars in migration, policy sciences, urban studies and urban sociology, as well as policymakers and the broader public.

Selected Papers from Building A Better New Zealand (BBNZ 2014) Conference

ISBN: 9783038420965 9783038420958 Year: Pages: 240 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-12 12:03:19
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New Vision 2050: A Platinum Society

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Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISSN: 2197-7348 ISBN: 9784431566229 9784431566236 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-56623-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:59:47
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This book presents the "New Vision 2050," which adds the concept of the “platinum society” to the “Vision 2050”.The 20th century was a century in which energy led the development of material civilization, resulting in deletion of resources, global warming and climate change. What form should sustainable material and energy take to protect the Earth? The "Vision 2050" was established 20 years ago as a model that we should pursue for the next half century. Fortunately, the world is on course for the Vision 2050.The 21st century will be a century in which we seek qualitative richness, with the Vision 2050 as the material basis. That is, a “platinum society” that has resource self-sufficiency and resource symbiosis, and where people remain active throughout their lives and have a wide range of choices and opportunities for free participation. Since the author presented the concept of "Vision 2050" in 1999, the idea has been introduced in two books entitled Vision 2050: Roadmap for a Sustainable Earth (2008) and Beyond the Limits to Growth: New Ideas for Sustainability from Japan (2014). The latter includes a chapter that sheds light on the concept of a “platinum society”. In this publication, the author presents the "New Vision 2050" in more detail.

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