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Tolerance

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Book Series: Open Book Classics ISBN: 9781783742059 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0088 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-22 11:01:43
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This anthology, inspired by Voltaire’s advice that a text needed to be concise to have real influence, contains firey extracts from forty different authors, from the philosophers everyone’s heard of to those whose brilliant writings are less well-known. They are immensely diverse in style and topic, but all have in common their passionate commitment to equality, freedom, and tolerance, and every single one resonates powerfully with the issues our world faces today. The book was first published by the Société française d’étude du dix-huitième siècle (the French Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies) in the wake of the Charlie Hebdo assassinations in January 2015 as a mark of solidarity, and as a response to the wide-spread interest in Enlightenment values. With the support of the British Society for Eighteenth-Century Studies, it has now been translated by 102 French students and tutors from Oxford University.

The Erosion of the Rule of Law in Eritrea: Silencing Freedom of ExpressionPromoting Citizenship and Preventing Statelessness in South Africa: A Practitioner's Guide

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ISBN: 9781920538378 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:17:14
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About the publicationThis report contains an in depth analysis of the muted right to freedom of expression in Eritrea. The number and forms of human rights violations related to the curtailing of free speech have been and continue to be well documented across the globe. This discourse identifies the right to free reception of information and expression as the bedrock to realising and maintaining the rule of law. Investigated herein is the historical background to the political evolution of the small African state and the social impact of the prevailing human rights violations.This report contains a compilation of human rights violations as determined by international treaty bodies, interviews with Eritrean witnesses and diaspora in exile and civil society reports on the human rights situation. It is argued in the report that the absence of the rule of law in Eritrea is directly attributed to the collapse of free expression as political forces see this right as a threat to their power base – a form of suppression that has nullified all human rights and freedoms and might well damage its people beyond repair.Table of ContentsPrefaceList of abbreviationsList of Eritrean print and electronic mediaAcknowledgmentsExecutive summary EnglishExecutive summary FrenchExecutive summary TigrinyaExecutive summary ArabicIntroductionContextualising the rule of law in EritreaEritrea’s human rights obligations and rule of lawNon-Implementation of the Eritrean ConstitutionSuppression of free expression as an attack on the rule of law in EritreaPrelude to dictatorship: Human rights before September 2001The Crackdown of September 2001Free expression in Eritrea today: Effects of widespread reprisalsClosure of non-state media housesCollapse of the journalistic profession in EritreaInternet censorshipFrom arbitrary arrests to subtle control of the messagePervasive editorial spinThe ‘03’ rumour systemSuppression of foreign and diaspora mediaReporting the work of the courtsEritrea’s international relationsAwareness of the dangers of refugee flightRebirth of independent journalismRecommendationsAnnex I: Compilation of recorded human rights violations related to free speechArbitrary arrest and detentionTorture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishmentDeath in custodyAnnex II: Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: EritreaI. Recommendations acceptedII. Recommendations that do not enjoy the support of Eritrea

Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-Examined

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ISBN: 9781783744237 9781783744213 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 266 DOI: http://doi.org/10.11647/OBP.0130 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-08 13:37:09
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How do we evaluate ambiguous concepts such as wellbeing, freedom, and social justice? How do we develop policies that offer everyone the best chance to achieve what they want from life? The capability approach, a theoretical framework pioneered by the philosopher and economist Amartya Sen in the 1980s, has become an increasingly influential way to think about these issues.Wellbeing, Freedom and Social Justice: The Capability Approach Re-Examined is both an introduction to the capability approach and a thorough evaluation of the challenges and disputes that have engrossed the scholars who have developed it. Ingrid Robeyns offers her own illuminating and rigorously interdisciplinary interpretation, arguing that by appreciating the distinction between the general capability approach and more specific capability theories or applications we can create a powerful and flexible tool for use in a variety of academic disciplines and fields of policymaking.This book provides an original and comprehensive account that will appeal to scholars of the capability approach, new readers looking for an interdisciplinary introduction, and those interested in theories of justice, human rights, basic needs, and the human development approach.

Happiness is the Wrong Metric: A Liberal Communitarian Response to Populism

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Book Series: Library of Public Policy and Public Administration ISSN: 1566-7669 ISBN: 9783319696225 9783319696232 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-69623-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-29 11:41:12
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This timely book addresses the conflict between globalism and nationalism. It provides a liberal communitarian response to the rise of populism occurring in many democracies. The book highlights the role of communities next to that of the state and the market. It spells out the policy implications of liberal communitarianism for privacy, freedom of the press, and much else. In a persuasive argument that speaks to politics today from Europe to the United States to Australia, the author offers a compelling vision of hope. Above all, the book offers a framework for dealing with moral challenges people face as they seek happiness but also to live up to their responsibilities to others and the common good.

Chapter 10 (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781783209712 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Intellect Grant: The Euromedia Research Group
Subject: Business and Management --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:35:38
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For functioning well, the media need democracy as much as democracy needs the media. This is the starting point of this analysis of the delicate relation between the news media and democracy which is well defined in constitutional terms both in the European Convention on Human Rights and in national legislation. The relation is best described as social contract – to the benefit of freedom of speech and editorial independence, but also to sound governance of the state and other powerholders in society. Notably, different models of democracy correspond to different roles of the media. In any case, however, media policy is requested to respect media freedom. The Internet, as well as social and networked media require policy answers to challenges such as data protection, content blocking and surveillance. The authors conclude that media policy tools need to be developed along the all-digital media future.

Digitale Kultur zum Pauschaltarif?

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Book Series: Abhandlungen zum Urheber- und Kommunikationsrecht ISBN: 9783845283135 Year: Volume: 62 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5771/9783845283135 Language: German
Publisher: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft mbH & Co. KG
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-27 12:51:34
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"Is the copyright law in the information society going to collapse or may a “cultural flatrate” produce relief? In view of the plentiful everyday occurrence of unauthorized and unpaid utilization of digital creative goods, the paper names the deficient situation of German and international copyright law regarding the different interests of copyright holders and users and presents possible perspectives.The legal classification and feasibility of lump-sum payment models that even in the political discussion apply to be an assumedly simple solution of the so-called digital dilemma is surveyed within the work. At the end, an ambitious but non-illusory vision of a European “cultural flatrate” is proposed.Dr. jur. Seyavash Amini has been a scholarship holder of the Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition in Munich, he founded the IVOCAT GmbH with focus on Intellectual Property Management in Hanover and works as legal advisor and entrepreneur."

Highly-Skilled Migration: Between Settlement and Mobility

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030422042 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42204-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Economics --- Political Science --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:52
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This open access short reader discusses the emerging patterns of sedentary migration versus mobility of the highly-skilled thereby providing a comprehensive overview of the recent literature on highly-skilled migration. Highly-skilled migrations are arguably the only non-controversial migrant category in political and public discourse. The common perception is that highly-skilled migrants are high-earners with top educational skills and that they are easy to integrate. These perceptions make them a “wanted” migrant. There seems to be however a big divide between the popular perceptions of this migration and its realities uncovered in social research. This publication closes this divide by delving deeper in the variety of experiences, discourses and realities of highly skilled migrants, thereby uncovering the inherent divides between the highly skilled migrants from the North and the South. The reader shows that these divides are constructed realities, shaped by the state policies and underpinned by social imaginary. Written in an accessible language this reader is a perfect read for academics, students and policy makers and all those unfamiliar with the topic.

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