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Autonomous Driving: Technical, Legal and Social Aspects

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ISBN: 9783662488454 9783662488478 Year: Pages: 706 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-48847-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Transportation
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-21 14:37:55
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This book takes a look at fully automated, autonomous vehicles and discusses many open questions: How can autonomous vehicles be integrated into the current transportation system with diverse users and human drivers? Where do automated vehicles fall under current legal frameworks? What risks are associated with automation and how will society respond to these risks? How will the marketplace react to automated vehicles and what changes may be necessary for companies?Experts from Germany and the United States define key societal, engineering, and mobility issues related to the automation of vehicles. They discuss the decisions programmers of automated vehicles must make to enable vehicles to perceive their environment, interact with other road users, and choose actions that may have ethical consequences. The authors further identify expectations and concerns that will form the basis for individual and societal acceptance of autonomous driving. While the safety benefits of such vehicles are tremendous, the authors demonstrate that these benefits will only be achieved if vehicles have an appropriate safety concept at the heart of their design. Realizing the potential of automated vehicles to reorganize traffic and transform mobility of people and goods requires similar care in the design of vehicles and networks. By covering all of these topics, the book aims to provide a current, comprehensive, and scientifically sound treatmentof the emerging field of “autonomous driving".

Symbiotic Interaction: 5th International Workshop, Symbiotic 2016, Padua, Italy, September 29–30, 2016, Revised Selected Papers

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Book Series: Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ISSN: 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319577524 9783319577531 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-57753-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-26 17:57:08
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 5th International Workshop on Symbiotic Interaction, Symbiotic 2016, held in Padua, Italy, in October 2016.The 12 full papers and 3 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 23 submissions. The idea of symbiotic systems put forward in this workshop capitalizes on the computers’ ability to implicitly detect the users goals, preferences or/and psycho-physiological states and thereby enhancing human-computer interaction (HCI). The papers present an overview of the symbiotic relationships between humans and computers with emphasis on user-driven research on symbiotic systems, adaptive systems, implicit input data, physiological computing and BCI, but also on understanding the nature of the interdependence and agency between computers and humans more broadly.

Inside Asylum Bureaucracy: Organizing Refugee Status Determination in Austria

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087 ISBN: 9783319633053 9783319633060 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-63306-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF)
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 10:47:48
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This open access monograph provides sociological insight into governmental action on the administration of asylum in the European context. It offers an in-depth understanding of how decision-making officials encounter and respond to structural contradictions in the asylum procedure produced by diverging legal, political, and administrative objectives.The study focuses on structural aspects on the one hand, such as legal and organisational elements, and aspects of agency on the other hand, examining the social practices and processes going on at the frontside and the backside of the administrative asylum system.Coverage is based on a case study using ethnographic methods, including qualitative interviews, participant observation, as well as artefact analysis. This case study is positioned within a broader context and allows for comparison within and beyond the European system, building a bridge to the international scientific community.In addition, the author links the empirical findings to sociological theory. She explains the identified patterns of social practice in asylum administration along the theories of social practices, social construction and structuration. This helps to contribute to the often missing theoretical development in this particular field of research.Overall, this book provides a sociological contribution to a key issue in today's debate on immigration in Europe and beyond. It will appeal to researchers, policy makers, administrators, and practitioners as well as students and readers interested in immigration and asylum.

The Impact of Digital Technologies on Public Health in Developed and Developing Countries

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ISBN: 9783030515171 Year: Pages: 442 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-51517-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:35
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This open access book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th International Conference on String Processing and Information Retrieval, ICOST 2020, held in Hammamet, Tunisia, in June 2020.* The 17 full papers and 23 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 49 submissions. They cover topics such as: IoT and AI solutions for e-health; biomedical and health informatics; behavior and activity monitoring; behavior and activity monitoring; and wellbeing technology. *This conference was held virtually due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Haptics: Science, Technology, Applications

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science; Information Systems and Applications, incl. Internet/Web, and HCI ISBN: 9783030581473 Year: Pages: 557 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-58147-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:04:15
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This open access book constitutes the proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Human Haptic Sensing and Touch Enabled Computer Applications, EuroHaptics 2020, held in Leiden, The Netherlands, in September 2020. The 60 papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 111 submissions. The were organized in topical sections on haptic science, haptic technology, and haptic applications. This year's focus is on accessibility.

Service Design Capabilities

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Book Series: Springer Series in Design and Innovation ISBN: 9783030562823 Year: Pages: 89 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-56282-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:06:36
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This open access book discusses service design capabilities in innovation processes, and provides a framework that guides design students, practitioners and researchers towards a better understanding of operational aspects of service design processes. More specifically, it revisits service designers’ capabilities in light of the new roles that have opened up in innovation processes on different scales. After years of being inadequately defined, the professional profile of service designers is now taking shape. Today private and public institutions recognize service designers as essential contributors to their innovation and development processes. What are the capabilities that characterize a service designer? These essential capabilities are what service designers should acquire in their education and can sell when looking for a job.

Technology, Design and the Arts - Opportunities and Challenges

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Book Series: Springer Series on Cultural Computing ISBN: 9783030420970 Year: Pages: 387 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-42097-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Computer Science --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:48
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This open access book details the relationship between the artist and their created works, using tools such as information technology, computer environments, and interactive devices, for a range of information sources and application domains. This has produced new kinds of created works which can be viewed, explored, and interacted with, either as an installation or via a virtual environment such as the Internet. These processes generate new dimensions of understanding and experience for both the artist and the public’s relationships with the works that are produced. This has raised a variety of interdisciplinary opportunities and issues, and these are examined. The symbiotic relationship between artistic works and the cultural context in which they are produced is reviewed. Technology can provide continuity by making traditional methods and techniques more efficient and effective. It can also provide discontinuity by opening up new perspectives and paradigms. This can generate new ideas, and produce a greater understanding of artistic processes and how they are implemented in practice. Tools have been used from the earliest times to create and modify artistic works. For example, naturally occurring pigments have been used for cave paintings. What has been created provides insight into the cultural context and social environment at the time of creation. There is an interplay between the goal of the creator, the selection and use of appropriate tools, and the materials and representations chosen. Technology, Design and the Arts - Opportunities and Challenges is relevant for artists and technologists and those engaged in interdisciplinary research and development at the boundaries between these disciplines.

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